Posts Tagged ‘social stories for autistic children’

Autism and play in preschool children

Wednesday, June 6th, 2012

In a study of preschool children with autism spectrum disorder it was found that this set of children were disadvantaged in the way they play.

Characteristically preschool children with autism spectrum disorder find it difficult to play as a normally developing child would. This lack of play skills can aggravate the child’s social isolation from their peers, and only underline their differences from other children.

So what is play?

  • Play should be fun and enjoyable.
  • Play should have no set goals imposed on it from outside influences; it should be imaginative and sometimes impulsive.
  • play should be spontaneous and voluntary
  • play should involve some kind of active involvement on the part of the player
  • play can be solitary or enjoyed with friends

The Development of play

Children’s play should go through a number of developmental stages

  • Sensory motor play, stimulation from objects, for example a baby gym.
  • exploratory and manipulative play, for example Lego
  • physical play including rough and tumble
  • social play, playing with their peers, playground play
  • pretend play or make believe

Why do children need to play?

Play allows our children to learn new skills and practice them in safe supportive surroundings.

Sensory motor play teaches babies and young infants about their own bodies and about objects in their immediate surroundings. The bright colored toys stimulate the babies mind and he/she will reach out to grab and explore the toy.

Manipulative and exploratory play teaches older infants about various objects, what they do; sound like, how they react together and how they influence the world they are living in.

Physical play, rough and tumble play, teaches toddlers and pre-school children some gross motor skills, which will provide them with the experiences of whole body interaction with others.

Social play is vast right from the mother and baby interactions to children’s make believe play, for example, playing mummy’s and daddy’s, which teaches children about social relationships in the world they live in.

Typically the autistic child on the other hand likes repetition and things to stay the same, and may display stereotypical, repetitive and stimming behaviors, mostly their play will be solitary.

Preferring their own company to that of others, an autistic child will find interactive, make believe play strange and may not understand the reasons for this kind of play.

So how do you help your Autistic child play?

One method it through direct teaching, typically children on the autism spectrum do not learn play skills naturally and like social and communication skills direct teaching is often needed.

One method of direct teaching for children on the autism spectrum is the use of social stories for autistic children.

Significantly social stories for autistic children can be implemented to help teach and re-enforce play skills and other skills the child with autism struggles with.

Social stories are short explanations using visual images, much like a comic script to detail the skill or situation from the child’s own point of view and in a manner that they will understand.

Social stories for autistic children follow set patterns, are generally easy to use and implement need no training to use and will be editable making them ideal for all.

To view and learn more about how social stories visit:

www.autismsocialstories.com

Social Stories for Autistic Children

Thursday, December 23rd, 2010

Due to social skills deficits children with autism need special INTERVENTION STRATEGIES to learn social skills. Social Stories for Autistic Children and visual support cards are two effective autism teaching aids that can be used.

 

Children with autism have difficulties with social and communication skills this is known as the triad of autistic impairments or social skills deficits.

 

Having social skills deficits will affect how autistic children view themselves and those people around them. Typically autistic children tend to be involved in their own world and not interested in interacting with people around them.

 

It is because of the triad of autistic impairments and issues such as sensory processing issues which mean children with an ASD  require Intervention Strategies and autism teaching aids to help them function and cope.

 

Probably the most popular autism teaching aids are social stories for autistic children and visual support cards, both of which are excellent Intervention Strategies, ARE easy to implement and need no formal training to use.

 

Social Stories are short descriptive stories like a comic strip which use pictures or images to teach children with an ASD social, communication and imagination skills, and help overcome social skills deficits.

 

Social stories use visual images to describe a social situation in terms of the relevant social cues in a manner a child with autism can better understand. The images and first person text will show the child with autism verbal and non verbal cues.

 

A good social skills story will act as a visual plan or role model for the child with autism to follow. Social stories can be used for various situations and skills effectively such as: asking questions, being fair, calming down, eating new foods, making friends and so on. Social stories are also used in schools to help children with autism understand and cope with school, for example recess, assembly, P.E and so on.

 

A social skills story breaks the skill into smaller easier to understand sections and answers the ever important “wh” questions – who, where, why, when and what as well as “HOW” and gives an insight into the thoughts and feelings of others which is a known weakness in autism.

 

To learn more about social stories for autistic children and get downloads of appropriate social stories visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com

 

To learn more about other autism teaching aids such as visual support cards visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com/visual_aids

 

Other sites with autism teaching aids are: http://www.insideautisticminds.com

http://www.autismsocialstories.org.uk

Visual supports in autism

Tuesday, October 19th, 2010

Individuals with autism are often described as “visual learners” or “visual thinkers.” Which means they think in pictures, consequently autism resources need to be visual.

Research suggests greater success when parents and teachers use visual supports rather than oral or written supports and resources.

Such visual supports in autism resources as social skills stories, flash cards, visual schedules, PECS system etc. 

There are many aspects of an autistic child’s environment and everyday activities which will benefit from visual supports for autism.

Using social skills stories – Social stories are word and picture-based stories, much like a comic strip conversation, written to help the child with autism understand and feel more comfortable with skills, activities, communication and social situations.

Social stories are normally written in a specific manner, from the autistic child’s point of view and always using first person text and visual images. By answering the important “wh” questions – who, where, why, when and what as well as giving an insight into how other people may feel or think.

Using visual schedules – Visual schedules are a set of pictures that communicate a series of activities or the steps of a specific activity. A visual schedule can help the child with autism understand and manage their daily activities, which reduces stress and anxiety.

Using visual supports in autism such as flash cards – A common problem for children with autism spectrum disorder is their ability to communicate. Flash cards are a strategy which can help to increase vocabulary, promote language development, and strengthen communication skills when teaching.

All of these strategies are useful for individuals with autism and related conditions.

To learn more about how social skills stories can benefit your child with an ASD and gain immediate downloads of social stories for autistic children visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com

Where you will find a selection of social skills stories for autistic children and young people

To learn more about visual supports in autism such as flash cards and visual schedules visit:

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/visual.html

Where you will find a selection of flash cards available for visual schedules and as communication aids for ASD children

 

Other visual supports in autism can be found at: http://www.autismsocialstories.com/social_skills

 

 

(ASD) Autism Spectrum Disorder social skills lessons

Sunday, May 30th, 2010

It is not uncommon for individuals with ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder) to display challenging behaviors and difficulties with social interactions and communication skills.


All individuals with ASD have social and communication deficits which are often referred to as the theory of mind, or “mind blindness”. Meaning they lack the ability to predict the thoughts, feelings and emotions of other people; which can lead to social mistakes or blunders especially in teenage autistic individuals.


Some of these deficits can include:

 

For the majority of individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder probably one of the major difficulties they encounter the theory of mind is with initiating social interactions and responding to the social interactions they may receive from others.

 

Many children with autism spectrum disorder display difficulties engaging in joint attention, and have difficulties with skills such as sharing, playing, pretend play and taking turns etc.

 

Generally children with autism spectrum disorder lack being able to understand or demonstrate non-verbal social communication i.e. the “unwritten rules” of social interactions.


Teaching an autistic child to overcome their social skills deficits is quite often a struggle for many parents and teachers.

 

There are treatments of autism available which can help parents and teachers find suitable methods of tackling social skills deficits using visual tools such as social skills stories.

 

There is no need for any formal training or qualification to use social skills stories. And now with the internet and search engines such as google, many parents and teachers are now finding it a lot easier to source this effective resource.

 

Treatments of autism such as social skills stories are used effectively for ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder) social skills lessons.


Social skills stories are visually rich, easy to implement, can be personalized and printed. Following a specific formula they effectively teach social and communication skills to autistic children.

 

Generally autistic youngsters are visual thinkers and learners and respond better to visual information, making visual tools such as social stories an ideal tool.

 

Social skills stories are implemented to teach social and communication skills to autistic children around the house and school environment.


Using images and first person text a social story breaks the skill or situation the autistic child is struggling with into smaller pieces and uses the social cues to show in a visual framework the skill in an easy to understand visual format, like a role model for the autistic child to follow.


The social story can be personalized to suit an individuals needs.


Social stories for autistic children can be downloaded from sites like http://www.autismsocialstories.com.

 

All the social skills stories for autistic children on this site are professionally written and visually rich.

 

Other sites offering visual tools such as social skills stories for (ASD) Autism Spectrum Disorder social skills lessons and autism symbols cards can be found at:

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/visual_aids

http://www.insideautisticminds.com

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/social_skills

 

 

 

 

Teaching autistic children communication skills and positive behaviors

Wednesday, December 30th, 2009

We all need to be able to communicate to express our thoughts, feelings, needs and wants. As typically developing individuals we learn the skills of both verbal and non-verbal communication naturally, through things like our peers, families, schools and the environment. The ability to naturally acquire communication skills is absent in autistic children.

 

We communicate for many reasons, to offer help, support, to alert children to hazards and dangers, learning and for recreation. As typically developing individuals we also have the ability to read and send non-verbal communication of our thoughts, wishes, desires, needs, hopes and so on. By communicating we can also share so our experiences and knowledge through verbal or non-verbal means.

 

For autistic individuals the ability to communicate affectively is missing!

 

However there are treatments and resources for autism available to parents and educators of autistic children that will help with teaching autistic children communication skills and positive behaviors. One of these treatments and resources for autism is called social stories.

 

What exactly are social stories?

Developed to help autistic individuals learn a functional means of communication the social story is appropriate for children with autism to learn and use appropriate social and communication skills and behaviors the majority of us learn naturally.

 

For example making friends, learning to play, listen, ask questions, use the bathroom, understand school rules, share, take turns, understand personal space and so on…

 

Social stories are a significant factor in teaching autistic children communication skills and positive behaviors and are widely used by parents and educators of autistic children with great success rates.

 

The social skills story is a short, visually rich, descriptive piece of text written in first person tense which sets out in a step by step visual plan a skill, behavior, situation, task etc. in a way the child with autism can understand and follow simply. It shows the child with autism the what, why, where and when making them more comfortable with the skill or behavior being taught or re-enforced.

 

The social skills story can be quickly and easily implemented and edited to suit individual needs. They can be read daily or whenever needed and can be used on their own or with other social stories depending on what help and support is needed.

 

To learn more about social stories for autistic children and young people; and how the can help you with teaching autistic children communication skills and positive behaviors to your child with autism visit:

 

http://www.autismsocialstories.com

Or any of the following sites and gain immediate down load of social stories for autistic children and young people.

 

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/school



http://www.autismsocialstories.com/school

Tips for teaching autistic children communication skills

Wednesday, October 14th, 2009


Generally most autistic children commonly face problems with communication skills. This is mainly due to the frequent speech and language problems associated with autism spectrum disorder.

 

The autistic child’s lack of communication skills can make interpretation and interaction with the child difficult for parents of autistic children and teachers.

 

No two autistic children are the same; therefore individuals will develop communication skills dependant on their own social and intellectual development.

 

While some children with autism may never develop speech, other children with autism may have extensive vocabularies and be able to express themselves regarding complex topics.

 

However, generally all autistic children will have some form of communication skills difficulty. This is normally noticeable with the child’s odd use of language, for example difficulty with intonation, rhythm, and word and sentence meaning.


Many parents of autistic children report their child may use echolalia, where they simply repeat what they have heard, even if they have been asked a question.

 

Others will use delayed echolalia, using the question previously posed in order to ask for what they want. For example, a child who had earlier been asked “are you thirsty?” may say “are you thirsty” at a later time to express his thirst.

 

Many verbal children with autism may say things without true information, expression, or content.

Many parents of autistic children also report their autistic child having a stock of phrases they use.

For example, a child may introduce him or herself at the beginning of conversations. Some autistic children use repetitive language they pick up from television shows, commercials, cartoons and other recorded dialogs.

Many kids with autism can speak extensively about a topic that they may be obsessed by and will not need the other person to answer they can become stuck on a topic and be unaware of the other person becoming bored or trying to change the subject.

Sometimes kids with autism will make up a voice like a robotic voice, some will use a deep voice, or a squeaky voice etc. rather than use their own voice.

There are tips for teaching autistic children communication skills and communication skills such as social skills stories for autistic children.


Social stories have been around for almost twenty years and are used affectively by parents and teachers for teaching autistic children communication skills both verbal and non-verbal.

 

Generally social skills stories for autistic children are written by experts using appropriate language, images and text that kids with autism can relate too and understand.

 

Most kids with autism are visual learners and will respond very well to social skills stories making them one of the most significant autistic resources for the treatment of verbal and non-verbal communications skills teaching of autistic individuals.

 

Many sites offer support to parents and teacher wishing to use appropriate autistic resources to help them find tips for teaching autistic children communication skills.


Sites that offer immediate download of social stories for autistic children that are maintained by experts such as: http://www.autismsocialstories.com now offer immediate downloads of social stories for autistic children.

 

Such as making choices, having a conversation, asking questions, finding friends and so on, social stories can be used for various teachings of social skills not only communication.

 

To download social stories not only for autistic children but also preschool autistic toddlers, teens and asperger syndrome individuals visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com

 

Or 

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/social_skills

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/asperger_adolescents

 

 

How does autism affect family life?

Friday, August 7th, 2009

Autism spectrum disorder is a pervasive developmental disorder affecting the way an individual’s brain develops. Autism spectrum disorder is not a form of mental retardation autism spectrum disorder is a *brain disease*.


Individuals receiving a diagnosis of autism will have deficits in the triad of autistic impairments. A diagnosis of autism is not the end of the world; however a diagnosis of autism can be hard to comprehend and deal with. Many families will undoubtedly face an uphill struggle with their autistic child.

 

After a diagnosis of autism it is essential you gain as much information as possible about this complex disorder. Early intervention in many cases is very beneficial.


A significant number of parents with autistic children use the internet as a means of support and information. Sites offering support forums are a place families with autism can swap support and information.

 

Other sites offer information on issues such as how does autism affect family life and give practical advice on resources used to help manage autistic behaviors as well as teach and enforce positive social behaviors and skills.

 

You will no doubt be asking yourself exactly how does autism affect family life and how will it affect mine. This is a complex question as no two autistic children are the same. However all will have significant difficulties with social, communication, interaction and imagination skills, which will undoubtedly affect family life.

 

Many autistic children have difficulties with skills such as potty training, eye contact, hugging and interacting with siblings and family members.

 

There are supports that can help teach social skills and positive behavior to autistic children such as social stories. First developed almost twenty years ago, social stories are written by experts in autistic behaviors and development and are put in place to support the family of autistic children as well as offering a means of teaching and re-enforcing social skills and behaviors to autistic children.


Social skills stories can be downloaded instantly from sites such as www.autismsocialstories.com/social_skills

 

Written by experts in autism development and behaviors these social skills stories are used to help and support autistic children and the family of autistic children by providing a means teaching social skills vital to development.

 

Download and get more information on social stories for autistic children from: www.autismsocialstories.com