Posts Tagged ‘social stories for autism’

Autistic Supports

Wednesday, February 29th, 2012

Autistic supports ARE used to help people with autism learn or remember social and communication skills and behaviours.

There ARE various supports for autism, but probably the most significant of the autistic supports ARE VISUAL.

Typically people with autism ARE VISUAL thinkers and learners this means that they USE visual images/pictures as their first language and speech/ words as secondary.

Therefore it is commonly believed that the most BENEFICIAL autistic supports ARE VISUAL. For example:

Social stories

Visual social story cards and folders

PECS

Communication cards – flash cards

…And so on…

For the purpose of this article we are looking at SOCIAL STORIES

Social stories for autism ARE visual autistic supports which were first introduced around twenty years ago to teach communication skills to children with autism spectrum disorder.

Today social stories for autism ARE widely used by teachers and parents to not only teach but re-enforce social, communication and imagination skills and behaviours.

A social story is a short descriptive story which looks much like a comic script. The social story WILL describe a skill or situation from the perspective of the child with autism.

Social stories for autism ARE visual autistic supports that use images/pictures to detail what is happening and why. Acting like a visual framework or plan the social story WILL answer the “wh” questions – who, what, why, when and where as well as “HOW” and will offer an insight into the thoughts, feelings and emotions of others which is an area of considerable weakness in most kids with autism.

To learn more about social stories for autism visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com and get immediate downloads of 100 social stories for kids with autism

Social Skills Teaching for Kids with Autism

Saturday, February 4th, 2012

Kids with Autism generally have difficulties with social awareness skills.

Unlike typically developing children that naturally develop social awareness skills through people watching, their peers, parents and the environment.

A distinct lack of social skills can make it difficult for kids with Autism to develop and maintain friendships which in turn could lead to social isolation and in some cases even bullying.

Social skills teaching for kids with Autism WILL help provide your child with the tools he needs to understand and function in social situations.

Kids with Autism have difficulties understanding that not everyone will share their opinion, interests, thoughts and feelings, a child on the spectrum will not pick up on social cues from the other person, this can lead to misunderstandings and confusion for the child on the spectrum.

Social skills teaching for kids with Autism can help teach your child to recognize the feelings of others.

For example tools like flash cards (picture cards) or social stories for autism can help as an intervention strategy to teach social awareness skills. By using flash cards or social stories for autism children with Autism you can help guide your child in most social situations.

Social stories for autism ARE visual which is important for children with Autism. Typically most children with Autism are visual thinkers and learners, this means that they think in pictures, with speech / language as secondary.

The social story looks much like a comic script and acts like a visual plan or framework of the skill or situation, such as making friends, approaching people, starting conversations, sharing and so on all skills that a child on the spectrum may struggle with.

The social story answers the “wh” questions – who, what, where, when and why as well as “HOW” and will offer an insight into the thoughts, feelings and emotions of others. They are easy to implement and shoud be editable as no two kids are ever going to be the same and we all use different terminology with our kids.

Social stories for autism can be used for many different situations and skills
– for example self-help skills, changes to routines, transitions, learning new skills and so on. To learn more about social stories for autism visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com

Or http://www.autismsocialstories.com/social_skills
http://www.autismsocialstories.com/school

Teaching social skills for children with autism

Tuesday, December 20th, 2011

There are various tools that can be used to teach social skills for children with autism, probably one of the most significant of these is the social skills story.

Teaching social skills for children with autism using social stories

Social stories are used as a tool for aiding communication and teaching social skills. The social skills story is typically written in first person text, always from the point of view of the autistic child, and will use images to help describe the skill or behaviour in terms of relevant social cues.

The social skills story will provide accurate information, with no hidden extras. Social stories for children with autism answer the ever important “wh” questions – who, what, where, when and why as well as “HOW” and will offer an insight into the thoughts, feelings and emotions of others which is an area of marked weakness in most autistic children.

The characteristics of autism

A lack of appropriate social skills is one of the characteristics of autism. Many parents struggle daily to teach “everyday” life skills such as appropriate hygiene as well as other skills like making friends and social awareness skills to their autistic child.

Teaching social skills for children with autism using social stories is beneficial. The social skills story acts like a visual framework or visual plan of the skill, helping the child to understand what is happening, why and what is expected of them.

Download: social stories for autism

While many sites offer downloads of social stories for autism, they may not always be colourful, editable and easy to implement.

At http://www.autismsocialstories.com you will not only find downloads of 100’s of well written social stories, the social stories are also colourful, editable, convenient and easy to implement.

To learn more about social stories for autism and how they can benefit your child visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com

 

 

Visual support social stories for autism

Friday, July 22nd, 2011

 Typically individuals with autism WILL display deficits in social cognition, the ability to think in ways necessary for appropriate social interactions.

How will this affect your child?

 

The theory of mind tells us of the difficulties individuals with autism have in predicting the actions, thoughts, feelings and emotions of another person. This inability can be overcome using visual support social stories for autism which ARE used to help individuals with autism “read” and understand social situations.

Visual support social stories for autism present appropriate social behaviours in the form of a descriptive short story, a bit like a comic script.

Originally social stories were developed as a means of communication. Today, social stories ARE used for a wide variety of situations and skills. The social skills story WILL include answers to the “wh” questions – who, where, why, when and what allowing the child with autism to interact appropriately with others.

What are social stories?

 

The social skills story CAN help the child with autism practise or rehearse a situation or skill that they ARE having problems with for example asking questions, making friends, visiting a dentist and so on.

Commonly those with autism ARE visual thinkers and learners, this means that they think in pictures, and WILL respond better to visual information and instruction.

This concept is followed in visual support social stories for autism, which USE images or pictures to visually explain the skill or situation in terms of the relevant social cues, acting like a visual sep by step plan or role model.

Generally written by experts in autism the social skills story will normally follow a set pattern of four sentence types: Descriptive, Directive, Perspective and control.

As well as being visual the social story can HELP the child with autism OVERCOME many difficulties like puberty for example.

Social stories ARE generally written in first person text and from the autistic person’s point of view, the social skills story should be editable and easy to personalize as no two children with autism will ever be the same and we all use different terminology with our child.

If you would like to see an example social skills story and get immediate downloads of social stories for children with autism visit:

http://www.autismsocialstories.com

Teaching children on the autism spectrum

Thursday, April 7th, 2011

Many people with autism are visual thinkers, this means they think in pictures rather like a DVD running through their imagination, pictures being their first language, and words (spoken and written)  being their second language.

 

Therefore teaching children on the autism spectrum is made a whole deal easier if the teaching is done pictorially or visually.

 

Rather than string together long sentences or display written instruction try to use more visual prompts such as diagrams, pictures, graphs and images when teaching.

 

Avoid long strings of verbal instructions. People with autism have problems with remembering the sequence this a common symptom of autism.

 

Using visual supports like visual support cards, PECS and social stories are excellent visual supports for children on the autism spectrum. For example children with autism have difficulties with social and communication skills; this is a common symptom of autism and is present in all children on the autism spectrum.

 

Having difficulties with social and communication skills is referred to as the triad of autistic impairments or social skills deficits.

 

The triad of autistic impairments or social skills deficits affect three main areas of development: Social skills, Communication skills and Imagination skills.

 

Using social stories as an Intervention strategy parents, teachers, care givers and other professionals are able to combat difficulties with the individual’s autistic impairments.

 

For example many children with autism struggle with transitions, changes to routines, reading emotions and expressions, learning skills, behaviours, communication and imagination. A social skills story can target the difficulty and visually show a detailed plan for tackling the situation.

 

A social skills story is much like a comic strip visually representing the skill or situation being taught, like a role model or visual plan. The social story will break the skill down into easy to understand sections, removing un-necessary language and fluff.

 

Social stories answer the ever important “wh” questions – who, where, why, when and what as well as “HOW” and will give an insight into the thoughts, feelings and emotions of others which is a marked difficulty for most people with autism.

 

The social skills story uses visual images or pictures to explain the skill or situations and first person appropriate language always written from the autistic child’s point of view.

 

Most social stories are written in word format making them easy to edit and personalize, as none of us use the same terminology with our children and no two social story are ever going to be the same therefore social stories should be easy to edit.

 

Social stories should also be convenient to use, printable social stories for children with autism are available from reputable sites such as http://www.autismsocialstories.com

 

Where you will find printable social stories for children with autism on a wide variety of issues such as: hygiene, for school, at home and for occasions and activities like visiting the dentist, getting a haircut and transitions such as moving school and house as well as for everyday skills like making friends.

 

To find downloads of social stories for kids with autism visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com

Social Stories Printables

Tuesday, March 15th, 2011

Social stories help to improve the social skills of children with autism spectrum disorder by using small descriptive social skills stories that help the child on the spectrum interpret difficult  or puzzling social conditions and behaviors.

Social skills stories have a specifically clear method and layout, which was developed almost twenty years ago by therapist Carol Gray.

Social stories help the child on the spectrum by explaining  circumstances, ability or behavior in expressions of the significant social cues, the point of view of others, and will normally propose suitable responses and behaviors.

By and large social stories are short and descriptive social skills stories use text with visual images detailing the important social cues in any given circumstances. They break down the activities or social skill into easier to understand steps by omitting immaterial info.

The social skills story should be descriptive and visual to explain to children with autism spectrum disorder how they can deal with with and comprehend the activities, skills or situations the social skills story is describing

It ought to also contain answers to the questions who, what, when, where, and why and HOW using visual images or graphics and small pieces of written text.

Social stories printables are editable and can be down loaded from websites offering social stories for autism such  http://www.autismsocialstories.com

In general teachers and parents of autistic children use social stories printables to instruct all social skills their child with autism is struggling with for example social stories for autism like: using the bathroom, hygiene issues, school social stories and so on, infact all social, communication, imagination and interaction skills and behaviors can be dealt with using social stories printables.

To obtain social skills stories for your child with autism visit the above or any of the following sites:

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/social_skills

http://www.autismcoialstories.com/school
http://www.autismscoialstories.com/school_resources

Social Stories Printables

Tuesday, March 8th, 2011

Social stories help to improve the social skills of children with autism spectrum disorder by using short descriptive social skills stories to help them interpret difficult  or confusing social conditions and behaviors.

Short descriptive social skills stories have a specifically clear style and format, which was developed nearly twenty years ago by therapist Carol Gray.

Social stories improve the social skills of children with autism spectrum disorder. They describe  circumstances, ability or behavior in terms of the relevant social cues, the perspective of others, and will in general suggest suitable responses and behaviors.

By and large social skills stories are small descriptive pieces of text with visual images detailing the applicable social cues in any given circumstance. They break down the activities or social skill into simpler to comprehend steps by omitting immaterial information.

The social skills story ought to be descriptive and graphic to show to children with autism how they can cope with and understand the behavior, skill or situation the social skills story is detailing

It ought to also include resolutions to the questions who, what, when, where, and why by means of the use of graphics and short pieces of written text.

Social stories printables are editable and can be downloaded from web pages offering social stories for autism like  http://www.autismsocialstories.com

Generally teachers and parents of autistic children use social stories printables to teach the social skills that their child with autism is struggling with: for example social story using the bathroom, hygiene issues, school social stories and so on, infact all social, communication, imagination and interaction skills and behaviors can be dealt with using social stories printables.

To obtain social skills stories for your child with autism visit the above or any of the following sites:

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/social_skills

http://www.autismcoialstories.com/school
http://www.autismscoialstories.com/school_resources

Using social stories for autism

Thursday, November 4th, 2010

As typically developing beings we naturally learn social, communication and imagination skills and behaviours. This ability is missing in autism spectrum disorder and often referred to as the theory of mind or social skills deficits.

 

Probably the major factor for many parents raising an autistic child is their child’s social skills deficits. This is also true in the classroom with many teachers being insufficiently trained in teaching students with autism.

 

Teaching social and communication skills can often become a primary concern for many teachers and parents.

 

Success in addressing social skills deficits by teaching social, communication and imagination skills and behaviours can increase self-confidence and lead to positive results at home and in the classroom for students with autism.


Using social stories for autism is a VERY BENEFICIAL strategy which is used by the vast majority of parents raising an autistic child, care givers and teachers.


The most important aspect of a social skills story is that it provides the child on the autism spectrum with a role model.

The vast majority of children with autism spectrum ARE visual thinkers and learners, which means they think in pictures, therefore strategies which suit children with autism spectrum best ARE visual like social stories.


Social stories can be used for more than learning social, imagination and communication skills, they can be used FOR TRANSITIONS, new routines, changes in routines, activities, and how to respond appropriately to feelings like anger.

 

Using social stories for autism will help the child on the spectrum to better understand the thoughts, feelings and views of other people.


By implementing social stories for autism the child on the spectrum is more able to predict another person’s behaviour based on their actions.


Social stories present various situations and skills in a structured and clear manner in a way children with autism spectrum will find easier to understand. The social skills story should be written from the child’s perspective and follow a set formula of four sentence type: descriptive, perspective, direction and control.

Using social stories for autism will answer the important “wh” questions – who, where, why, when and what, helping reduce confusion and anxieties, making unpredictable situations more routine.

 

By using visual images and first person text the social skills story is much like a comic strip conversation, which children with autism spectrum find easy to use.


Editable, and printable the social skills story will suit all ages and abilities, parents can personalize the social skills story using their child’s name and language that is familiar to them. No two children with autism are ever the same and normally some tweaking of social stories is needed.


To learn more about how using social stories for autism can benefit your child or student with autism visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com


Social stories have been used a s a strategy with autistic children for around twenty years giving positive results.

Other social stories for autistic children and teenagers can be found at: http://www.autismsocialstories.com/autistic_teens

Using printable social stories for autism

Tuesday, November 2nd, 2010

Using printable social stories for autism as a visual plan or framework is a powerful tool for teaching children on the autism spectrum. Social skills stories are visual representation of situations, social skills, behaviours or events that happen in our lives.

 

Children with autism struggle with social, communication and imagination skills; this is often referred to as social skills deficits.

 

Social skills deficits are common to autism spectrum disorder, but will vary in degree depending on the ability of the ASD child.

 

However social skills deficits are always present, therefore strategies are needed to help teach ASD children methods of overcoming these deficits in social skills.

 

By using printable social stories for autism you can help teach an ASD child a particular social, communication or imagination skill or behaviour that they may find problematic or confusing.

 

For example many children on the autism spectrum struggle with hygiene skills, sharing, taking turns and making friends, using visual strategies like social stories can help much like a role model,  using visual images, pictures and text like a comic strip.

 

Social stories are visual strategies that take a concrete approach to learning which will help ASD children to understand what is being said, how they should react and how to recognize situations that occur that they may be struggling with.

 

By answering the important “wh” questions – who, where, why, when and what as well as giving an insight into the thoughts and feelings of others. Social skills stories should follow a specific formula of sentence types, be editable and easy to personalize as no two children are ever the same and we all use different vocabulary.

 

To find out more about using printable social stories for autism on issues such as hygiene visit:

http://www.autismsocialsories.com/hygiene

 

Other social skills stories for autism can be found at: http://www.autismsocialstories.com

 

 

 

Social story on hygiene and Autism

Sunday, October 17th, 2010

Hygiene is an essential everyday life skill.

 

However for a person with autism spectrum disorder even the simplest of hygiene tasks such as tooth brushing can cause anxiety and distress. For a person with autism spectrum disorder social skills deficits and sensory processing issues are common.

 

Generally people with autism have sensory processing issues; are either hyper or hypo sensitive to stimuli – sight, sound, touch, taste or smell. Making a task such as tooth brushing problematic; the cold water, taste of the tooth paste even the nylon bristle of the tooth brush can be distressing.

 

Also a lack of social skills deficits affects how the autistic individual processes information, thinks, acts and reacts to sensory stimuli and those around them. So for example looking a hygiene and autism, it is not uncommon for an autistic individual to simply not understand the need for hygiene and self care.

 

Generally people with autism live in a ‘literal world’ meaning they fail to see the social rules or etiquette, they will speak literally and really not care much what others may be thinking or feeling, this is not arrogance merely a symptom of autism.

 

Generally, people with autism spectrum disorder lack social and communication skills and need direct teaching. Most autistic people are visual thinkers and learners meaning they think in pictures.

 

Therefore visual strategies like social stories work very well for teaching and encouraging social skills the person with ASD is struggling to master or understand.

 

Consequently, using a social story on hygiene and Autism is beneficial. The social story will help the person with ASD understand the basic need for hygiene and how this is accomplished.

 

Social skills stories answer the “wh” questions – who, where, why, when and what as well as give an insight into the thoughts, feelings and reactions of others, helping to reduce stress and anxieties.

 

A social story on hygiene and Autism can tackle teaching the need for hygiene skills such as tooth brushing, getting a haircut, visiting the dentist, showering, puberty and so on.

 

Using visual strategies has been shown to work; social stories use first person text and visual images much like a comic strip, as a visual plan or framework of the skill or behavior being tackled, in a manner the ASD individual will understand.

 

Social stories for autism should be editable, printable and easy to implement, need no formal training to use and easy to personalize for each ASD individual.

 

A social story on hygiene and Autism will help explain visually the need for hygiene, why and how.

 

To learn more about visual strategies like social stories for autism and hygiene visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com/hygiene

 

For other social stories for autism and hygiene as well as other issues visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com

Encourage good hygiene in autism

Friday, October 15th, 2010

Learning self-help skills such as good eating habits, dressing, toileting, and personal hygiene can be challenging for young people with autism spectrum disorder.


Social skills stories can be used effectively to help explain good hygiene habits and routines in autism. Social skills stories are developed to help individuals with autism understand how others perceive their appearance and the social implications of neglecting personal hygiene.


By using visual images and first person text in a step-by-step framework or plan the social story can explain exactly what individuals with autism need to remember to ensure good hygiene.

 

Teaching personal hygiene to young people with autism spectrum disorder can be problematic due to social skills deficits. Individuals with ASD may not understand the need to develop good hygiene habits.

 

Social skills deficits are common to autism and affect the way an individual processes information, thinks, acts and reacts to situations , skills and behaviours the rest of us take for granted or as “normal”


Social stories encourage good hygiene in autism by answering the important “wh” questions – who, where, why, when and what as well as giving an insight into the thoughts feelings and emotions of others.


Individuals with ASD are generally visual thinkers and learners therefore visual strategies such as social stories are beneficial. The social story should be editable, easy to personalize and print and be convenient to use.


Personal hygiene skills such as tooth brushing, showering and menstruation can be addressed using appropriate social stories for autism hygiene habits.


To learn more about how social stories for autism hygiene habits can be implemented to help ASD individuals with personal hygiene skills and routines visit sites such as: http://www.autismsocialstories.com/hygiene


Social stories short pieces of text, visual strategies which show ASD individuals how to cope with situations, skills and behaviours that they struggle to understand or deal with.


Social stories for autism hygiene habits can be downloaded from http://www.autismsocialstories.com/hygiene


Other social stories can be downloaded from http://www.autismsocialstories.com


Halloween and autism

Tuesday, October 5th, 2010

Halloween is probably one of the best holidays for most children. They can dress up as their favourite spooky character or superhero, and parade around the streets. On Halloween kids are allowed to go to strangers houses and ask for candy, the very thing kids are told not to do every other day of the year.


However for a lot of kids with autism, Halloween can be a stressful and confusing time.

 

Most kids with autism have social skills deficits. Social skills deficits are nearly always present in autistic children, having social skills deficits affects the way a person processes information, thinks, act, re-acts and behaves.


Due to their social limitations children on the spectrum will quite often fail to understand the concept of Halloween or make-believe. A lot of children on the spectrum will also have sensor processing issues: sight, sound, feel, touch and taste, which can mean getting your child with ASD to wear a costume, can be difficult, rough fabric and constricting accessories or masks is a recipe for disaster.


Getting an child with ASD to approach a strangers home, much less to greet them with any sort of social appropriateness, plus asking your child to hand over the candy he has just earned because he has diet limitations is sure to cause problems.


Social skills stories can help overcome many of the issues you may have surrounding this holiday.


Plan ahead work out a route, a leaving and returning time, scout around the area beforehand to check out for flashing lights and other sensory nightmares for your child on the spectrum and avoid these houses.


Practise the “Trick or Treat” question and accepting candy, use social stories for autism and Halloween to help with this.


Social stories are short visual strategies that are used to help children with autism deal with and cope with situations or skills they would otherwise struggle to understand, such as Halloween. A social skills story allows children with autism to rehearse a social situation, making it more routine, thus reducing anxieties and stress.


Using visual strategies such as social skills stories is recommended in autism as most autistic children are visual thinkers and learners, meaning they think in pictures.

Halloween and autism need not be a nightmare if you plan ahead, download social stories for autism and Halloween. Mark Halloween off on your calendar so your ASD child can see when it is going to happen, plan the costume, or maybe your ASD child would rather just a hat?


For more information on Halloween and autism and to download suitable social skills stories, which can be printed off and edited to make them personal to your ASD child visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com/Halloween


For all other stories visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com

 

 

Pumpkin patterns
PLUS: GRAB YOUR FREE Pumpkin Pattern ebook

Patterns to Paint or Carve

Fun for Adults and Kids

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/Halloween

 

 

PLUS:

FREE ReportGrab Your Free Report Today

What every parent should know about the medication we give our children

What is safe and what is not!

Plus when to call the Doctor and important question YOU OUGHT TO ASK

Plus a section on Natural Remedies

Download Your FREE Report NOW!

PLUS – Grab Your Exclusive “Fun Package” Offer

Fun PackageThe “Fun Package” includes:

32 Ways To Keep Your Kids Busy

101 Craft Project Ideas

Part Games For Kids of ALL Ages (including Adults)

Fun Arts and Crafts For ALL Children

Gift Basket Ideas – but not necessarily in a Basket!!

Download The FREE Report and “Fun Package” Today

 

Social stories for autism

Friday, October 1st, 2010

Common to all individuals with autism are deficits in social skills. Teaching social skills to children with autism can quite often become a primary focus at school and in the home. Many parents and teachers report success in teaching social skills to children with autism can lead to an increase in the child’s self confidence.

Generally children with autism are visual learners, meaning they think in pictures and will gain more benefit from visual information rather than written, auditory or oral information.

Therefore visual strategies are believed to work best with ASD children. Social stories are used as visual strategies. A social skills story is used to show a child with autism how to perform or understand a certain skill or situation.

A social skills story will focus on a particular social situation or interaction and break it down into smaller easier to understand sections. The social skills story provides details and information that the child with autism can understand this is important because children with an ASD often find social situations confusing.

Social stories for autism answer the “wh” questions who, where, why, when and what as well as give the child with autism an insight into the thoughts feelings and psooible reactions they may expect from others.

The main goal of any social skills story should be to provide ASD children with a role model, a visual plan and framework which will help reduce anxieties and stress for the child with autism.

While social stories for autism are normally implemented to address a particular skill or situation, ASD children can also use social skills stories for autism to deal with other deficits in social skills such as hygiene issues, social awkwardness and communication difficulties.

Common to all individuals with autism is awkwardness with social interactions, such as respecting personal space, having conversations, asking questions etc. Social stories can be used to help deal with these issues.

Social stories should provide information about the feelings of others and the consequences of ignoring those feelings.

Normally written in first person text and using visual images social stories should be written from the child’s point of view with appropriate language. No two children with autism will ever be the same therefore when using social stories you will normally need to tweak or edit the social skills story to personalize it for your own child. We all use different terminology and adding your own personal terminology will help with the effectiveness of the story.

To learn more about implementing social stories and how you can download professional social skills stories today visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com

OR http://www.autismsocialstories.com/social_skills

Types of social stories for autism

Sunday, June 13th, 2010

Social stories were originally developed twenty years ago by therapist Carol Gray to help with the communication difficulties she encountered while working with autistic children.


Today social stories are used more widely to develop and teach social and communication skills as well as encourage positive behaviours.

 

There are various types of social stories for autism ranging from stories to help with personal issues in teenagers to potty training stories for toddlers.


Generally children with autism are visual thinkers and learners and respond better to visual information, rather than written text or information given orally. Research suggests it is because of this social stories work so well.

Social stories present information visually through images and small amounts of appropriate first person text, almost like a comic script. The autistic child is able to follow and use, much like a visual plan, or role model of the skill or situation that they maybe struggling with.

 

Unlike a typically developing child that will learn social and communication skills naturally an autistic child will struggle to understand or pick up on social cues, such as body language and facial expressions. This lack of social and communication skills can often lead to social mistakes and blunders.

 

However using autistic child as a means of teaching social and communication skills to children with autism is a proven technique. Various types of social stories can be used at any one time for example a child may need help in the classroom to ask questions as well as at recess, P.E. lessons and assembly all these situations are dealt with using social stories.

 

At home the child may need help with personal issues like using the toilet, eating with the family and so on again various types of social stories for autism are used.

 

Social stories are normally written by experts in autism and will generally follow a set formula of four different sentence types: perspective, directive, control and descriptive sentences.

 

A social skills story answers the “wh” questions (who, where, when, what and why) as well as giving the child with autism an insight into the thoughts and feelings of others. The social skills story may suggest possible outcomes and give positive encouragement to the child with autism.

 

Not all social skills stories will be perfect straight away and may need tweaking to suit individuals, no two people will ever be the same.

 

Social skills stories should be colourful, editable and printable to make them easy to use and convenient. To find out more about the various types of social stories for autism and to get downloads of various social skills stories for autistic children visit:

http://www.autismsocialstories.com

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/social_skills

 

 

 

ASD – Autism spectrum disorder social and communication skills teaching

Thursday, May 27th, 2010

With an increase in the number of children being diagnosed with ASD, it is now recognized that autism spectrum disorders are more common in children than disorders such as diabetes, spina bifida, or Down syndrome.

 

All children diagnosed with ASD will have common symptoms of autism; these are known as social skills deficits or the triad of impairments.  A child’s social skills deficits are characterized by difficulties in:


Social skills development

Communication both verbal and non-verbal skills

Imagination skills

Interaction skills


These deficits are always present in children with ASD to varying degrees.


In addition to the triad of impairments or social skills deficits children diagnosed with ASD may also display sensory processing issues.


Probably the most noticeable of the symptoms of autism is an individual’s difficulty with social interactions. A child with autism spectrum disorder may have little trouble learning to read but exhibit extremely poor social interaction.


Typically a child with autism spectrum disorder will not follow the normal pattern of development. Generally parents of ASD children may have an idea that there is something not quite right with their child before their child is diagnosed with ASD.

 

For example from birth, typically developing babies are social beings. Early in life, they gaze at people, turn toward voices, grasp a finger, and even smile. However with ASD children this is not always the case.

 

Research suggests that although children with ASD are attached to their parents, the attachment is not typical and is difficult to read. For parents of ASD children, their child’s apparent lack of attachment can be upsetting and stressful.

 

Generally typically developing children have met all their milestones in communication by the age of three, however for most ASD children these milestones may pass un-met. Communication both verbal and non-verbal can prove difficult for ASD children.

 

Some children with autism spectrum disorder will never develop speech, or speech may be delayed. Generally all individuals on the spectrum are visual thinkers and learners and benefit form visual aids that can help them learn social and communication skills.

 

For many children with autism spectrum disorder using visual aids that teach social and communication skills such as PECS, visual support cards and social stories are proving very beneficial.


For the vast majority of individuals with autism spectrum disorder social and communication skills teaching needs to be direct. For example making friends, for typically developing children this skill is learnt naturally. For an ASD child this skill does not develop naturally, although some children with autism spectrum disorder may wish to be social they do not know how.

 

Consequently, many children with autism spectrum disorder social and communication skills teaching is achievable by using visual aids like social stories. Since their development twenty years ago, social stories have grown into probably one of the most significant tools used for teaching and re-enforcing social and communication skills in children with autism and related conditions today.

 

Social stories are a role model that provide individuals with ASD a visual explanation in the form of a script, much like a step by step visual representation or plan of the skill or situation that he or she may find difficult, stressful or confusing.


Social stories use a specifically defined style and format. The goal of social stories is to describe accurately using first person language and social cues in a clear and reassuring manner that is easily understood by the individual with an ASD.


Giving the individual with ASD accurate information that answers the “wh” questions
(who, where, why, when and what)
as well as giving an insight into the thoughts and feelings of others helping them manage and cope with the skill or behavior.

 

Social stories will help reduce anxieties and stress making them to feel more comfortable with and in the situation.

 

For more information on social stories for autism and how they can help with autism spectrum disorder social and communication skills teaching visit any of the following sites where you will also gain immediate downloads of appropriate social stories for autism.

 

http://www.autismsocialstories.com

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/social_skills

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/behavior

How to use visual strategies in autism

Tuesday, April 20th, 2010

Generally children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and related conditions tend to be visual learners. They understand what they see (visual) much easier than what they hear (auditory) or read. Therefore, children with Autism Spectrum Disorder benefit significantly from the use of visual strategies.

 

By using visual strategies parents, care givers and teachers are able to address communication difficulties, helping the ASD child interact successfully with those around them.

 

For many children with Autism Spectrum Disorder interacting with their environment and those around them can prove stressful and confusing.  The ability to understand and read other people’s body language, facial expression and communications is missing in autism.

 

What are the communication difficulties in autism? Firstly the ASD child will be unable to express themselves effectively.  Secondly the ASD child will not understand social skills or cues they will struggle to understand what they are supposed to do or not do.  And can become confused and anxious about what is happening or not happening.

 

For many parents, care givers, teachers and other professionals learning how to use visual strategies in autism has proven beneficial.

 

There are many visual tools available for autism, but probable the most significant visual tools for autism are social stories and PECS cards or flash cards.

 

Learning how to use visual strategies in easy, no formal training is necessary. Visual tools such as social stories for autism can be downloaded, edited and printed to personalize them for your ASD child.

 

Social stories are short visual frameworks of a skill or behaviour that the child with ASD is struggling with. Much like a comic strip conversation, the social story is presented visually with appropriate text always in the first person and from the point of view of the child with ASD.

 

Following a set formula and normally written by experts a social story can be implemented easily and effectively helping communication difficulties and other social skills and behaviours.

 

To learn more about these valuable visual tools and to get downloads of social stories for autism visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com Here you will find information on how to use visual strategies in autism, as well as info on autism and social stories for autism spectrum disorder and related conditions.

 

Other sites offering info on autism and social stories for autism spectrum disorder and related conditions can be found at:

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/school

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/school_resources

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/social_skills

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/behavior

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/preschool

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/hygiene