Autism Spectrum Disorder and social skills stories

A social story is written to help a person with Autism Spectrum Disorder address social skills deficits and pave the way for a positive social interaction or behaviour.

 

Children on the spectrum do not naturally acquire social and communication skills and lack he ability to interact with others effectively, this is due to social skills deficits. Social skills need to be taught directly through deliberate treatments and intervention strategies.

 

Teaching children with Autism Spectrum Disorder social skills using intervention strategies

 

Probably the most significant of the various intervention strategies are social skills stories. Social skills stories can be easily implemented and used to teach the social and communication skills and behaviours that the child with Autism Spectrum Disorder is struggling with.

 

Having social impairments is much like being dropped in a foreign country with no idea where or how to get home or communicate. Children on the spectrum will need intervention strategies to acquire functional and age-appropriate social skills, make friendships, and learn communication skills.

 

We know that the vast majority of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder are visual thinkers and learners, meaning they think in pictures, therefore visual intervention strategies are excellent.

 

Visual intervention strategies

 

Social stories ARE visual intervention strategies. Written in first person text and using visual images and pictures to describe the situation or skill in detail, a social skills story break the skill into appropriate social cues, following a set formula the social skills story is much like a comic strip conversation for the person with an Autism Spectrum Disorder to follow.

 

Social skills stories provide concrete information on what people in a given situation are doing, thinking or feeling. The social skills story is like a visual plan showing the steps or sequence of events, identifying the significant social cues and their meaning, answering the important “wh” questions – who, what, where, when and why

 

For a child with Autism Spectrum Disorder social stories should describe social situations, contexts, and the likely behaviours of others and provide an appropriate behavioural response cue that the child with Autism Spectrum Disorder can understand.

 

Therefore teaching children with Autism Spectrum Disorder social skills using intervention strategies LIKE social stories is beneficial.

 

For children with Autism Spectrum Disorder social skills stories act as a VISUAL PLAN OR FRAMEWORK that helps children with autism understand skills and behaviours that they struggle with.

 

To learn more about children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and social stories visit:

http://www.autismsocialstories.com

 

Or http://www.autismsocialstories.com/social_skills

Managing autistic behaviour issues

Probably one of the most significant difficulties that parents with an autistic child report is their child’s behaviour issues.

It is important to remember that unlike typically developing children a child on the autism spectrum is far less likely to misbehave “just because” and that most if not ALL autistic behaviour WILL happen for a reason an internal or external factor.

Typically children with autism HAVE social skills deficits in three main areas of development: social awareness, communication – both verbal and non-verbal and imagination skills, as well as sensory processing issues.

It is these social skills deficits and sensory processing issues which WILL contribute to the majority of behaviour issues in autism.

Managing autistic behaviour issues can BE ACHIEVED through the use of Intervention Strategies.

Intervention Strategies ARE put in place to help the autistic child manage their behaviours and find coping methods for skills and behaviours that they are struggling with.

Intervention Strategies like social skills stories and visual social story cards ARE probably the most significant of the Intervention Strategies for helping with managing autistic behaviour issues.

Social skills stories ARE short descriptive stories written to help children with autism overcome social skills deficits. A social skills story CAN act like a visual plan or framework of the skill or situation the autistic child is struggling with.

A social skills story WILL use appropriate first person text and be from the child’s won perspective. It should be written in word format to allow for editing and personalization as this is important for children with autism and we all use different terminology with our children.

Social stories for autism behaviour difficulties USE visual images/pictures to help show the child on the spectrum visually what is happening making them feel more comfortable with and in the situation.

Typically children with autism ARE visual thinkers and learners this means that they think in pictures and find visual information easier to understand.

Social stories for autism behaviour difficulties answer the “wh” questions – who, what, why, when and where as well as “HOW” and offer the child on the spectrum an insight into the thoughts, feelings and emotions of others which is an area of marked weakness in most children with autism.

To learn more about managing autistic behaviour issues using Intervention Strategies like social skills stories visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com/behavior

Or http://www.autismsocialstories.com where you will find downloads of approx. 100 social stories.

Teaching communication and social skills to young people with autism

Social awareness skills ARE not naturally learnt by young people with autism, unlike their typically developing peers children with autism DO NOT people watch and lack the ability to naturally learn skills the rest of us take for granted.

Many young people with autism struggle with friendships and find social interaction difficult to master this can lead to misunderstandings and at times social isolation.

Teaching communication and social skills to young people with autism CAN be achieved using Intervention Strategies like social stories, flash cards, PECS and so on…

Using Intervention Strategies is beneficial and has been proven to work.

Typically people with autism tend to be VISUAL thinkers and learners which means they think in pictures and images. Therefore teaching strategies should be predominantly visual, like social stories for example.

The social story is a short visual representation of a skill, situation or behaviour that the child with autism is struggling to master.

The social story breaks the skill into smaller pieces and describes the skill by means of first person text and visual images/pictures. It WILL act like a visual plan or framework which WILL help the child with autism to feel more comfortable and less stressed, confused or anxious.

Social stories answer the “WH” questions – who, what, where, when and why as well as “HOW” and offer an insight into the thoughts, feelings and emotions of others which is an area of marked weakness in most people with autism.

Social stories ARE used for teaching communication and social skills to young people with autism such as: asking other kids to play, asking questions, having a conversation, being able to listed and so on…

No two children with autism will ever be the same and we all use different terminology, therefore it is important that the social story you are using is editable like the social stories found at http://www.autismsocialstories.com

The social story needs to also be written from the child’s own perspective and be printable.

Visit http://www.autismsocialstories.com for immediate download of 100 social skills stories for various skills, behaviours, activity: http://www.autismsocialstories.com/school

Other social stories CAN be downloaded from http://www.autismsocialstories.com/social_skills

Social Stories for ASD Students

Typically children with autism spectrum disorder ARE visual thinkers and learners, which means that they think in pictures and use speech / language as secondary.

Having this knowledge can make teaching the ASD student much easier. Visual Intervention Strategies like social stories for ASD students ARE used with great affect.

A social story is written to describe a situation, skill or behaviour in terms of the relevant social cues. The social story is typically always written from the ASD students perspective and will give an accurate description of the skill, situation or behaviour.

The goal of the social stories for ASD students is to help the student feel more comfortable with and in the situation. Social stories for ASD students ARE written to help children with autism spectrum manage their own behaviour during a specific social situation by describing and answering the “wh” questions where the activity will take place, when it will occur, what will happen, who is involved, and why the child should behave in a certain way.

The social story will also give the child on the spectrum an insight into the thoughts, feelings and emotions of others which is an area of marked weakness in most kids with ASD.

Social stories should ideally follow a specific sentence pattern of: Descriptive, Directive, Perspective and Control sentences in a defined manner.

Social stories for ASD students should USE visual images / pictures and be editable, no two kids with ASD will ever be the same and we all use different terminology within our own classroom, therefore editability is important to personalize and make the story relevant to each child on the spectrum.

When the social story is first implemented, the teacher must be certain that the ASD student understands the social story and the skill being taught. Once the teacher has read through the story a few times with the child the ASD student can then read the story independently, read it aloud to an adult, or listen as the adult reads the story. The most appropriate method is dependent upon the individual abilities and needs of the ASD student.

Visual Intervention Strategies like social stories for ASD students can be used for various situations and skills for example: Recess, Assembley, Shared reading, Taking turns, Asking other kids to play, Circle Time and so on. For a full list available for immediate download visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com/school

Alternativelly visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com
http://www.autismsocialstories.com/social_skills

Autistic Spectrum Disorder Interventions

Intervention strategies ARE mainly used to help OVERCOME the deficits and abnormal behaviours often displayed by children with Autistic Spectrum Disorder.

Autistic Spectrum Disorder Interventions CAN help increase the quality of life as well as help the autistic child reach his / her full potential. Interventions ARE typically tailored to individual needs, for example a non-verbal autistic child may find PECS and picture cards more suitable, while a verbal autistic child may find social stories more beneficial.

Studies show that Intervention strategies ARE beneficiaul to ALL children with Autistic Spectrum Disorder once the correct strategy is in place. For the purpose of this article I am going to focus on social stories and communication picture cards.

Social stories ARE one of the most significant Intervention strategies that has been introduced over the last twenty years. The social story is a short almost comic like description of a skill or behaviour that is broken down in to smaller easier to understand sections.

For example: most children with autism struggle to hold and start conversations, this can have a knock on affect and the child may struggle to amke and maintain friendships. A social story can act as a visual framework or plan and break down the steps needed to approach and ask another child to play, reducing stress and anti-social behaviours.

A child with autism is typically a VISUAL learner, this means that they will find visual information easier to use, with speech / language as secondary, thus social stories ARE commonly VISUAL.

Using visual images / pictures the social story answers the “wh” questions – who, what, where, when and whay as well as “HOW” and will give an insight into the thoughts, feelings and emotions of others which is an area of marked weakness in most children with autism.

Characteristically social stories ARE written in first person text and will always be from the autisic childs own perspective. The social story should be editable and easy to personalize as no two individuals will ever be the same and we all use different terminology with our own child.

Autistic Spectrum Disorder Interventions like communication picture cards (flash cards) ARE typically used to help with communication difficulties. For example a non-verbal autistic child can have a selection of communication picture cards enabling them to communicate their own needs. At snack time the child may wish to have an apple for example so will give the teacher the card showing an apple in return for the card the teacher will give the child the apple and so on…

The communication picture cards can have a variety of uses – on visual timetable, now and next boards, choices boards, displayed around the home and classroom as a reminder for example of where the toilet is, coat pegs and so on. The communication picture cards ARE also used for communication the teacher can show the child with autism what is expected of them for example – recess, assembley etc by pointing to a picture card, giving the child a gentle prompt as to what is happening or about to happen, again reducing stress and confusion.

To learn more about social stories and communication picture cards and to see an example visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com
http://www.autismsocialstories.com/social_skills

Autism Supports and Treatments

A diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder can come a s a great shock to many parents.

It is thought that an average of 1 in every 150 babies is going to be given a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder before they attend school, this number is astonishing. Research into autism suggests that there is no one reason for autism, and that there is no cure.

While there is no cure for autism spectrum disorder, there are various autism supports and treatments available that can and will help with the symptoms of autism.

Autism supports and treatments can help  with disruptive behaviors, and teach self-help skills that allow for greater independence.  So what are the main symptoms of autism? social awareness deficits, communication difficulties both in verbal and non-verbal communication, imagination skills deficits as well as some stereotypical behaviours and sensory processing issues.

Autism supports and treatments ARE often reffered to as “Intervention Strategies”

Which Intervention Strategies will work for your child is mainy dependant on your child’s own personal abilities. No two children with autism spectrum disorder will ever be the same, and therefore the approach will be different. However one of the most significant treatments of autism is Social Skills Stories and ARE adaptable to suit all.

Social Skills Stories ARE used to help teach social awareness skills, deal with communication difficulties and help the child on the spectrum overcome many of the symptoms of autism that they display.

Social skills stories ARE short descriptive stories which detail a skill or behaviour from the child’s own perspective, breaking the skill or behaviour down into small relevant chunks that the child on the spectrum can understand.

The social story looks much like a comic script with visual images and small pices of first person text. Typically children with autism spectrum disorder ARE visual thinkers, this means that they think in pictures and will gain far more from visual intervention strategies like social  stories, PECS, flash cards and so on.

Commonly visual intervention strategies like the social story will answer the “wh” questions – who, where, why, when and what as well as “HOW” and will also provide an insight into the thoughts, feelings and emotions of others which is an area of marked weakness in most children with autism spectrum disorder.

To implement social skills stories for autism and to learn more about what autism supports and treatments are avauilable visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com

Alternatively you will find immediate download of socials stories for autism from: http://www.autismsocialstories.com/social_skills

Behaviour management for kids with autism

It is important to remember it is more useful to put strategies in place to help prevent inappropriate behaviours before they happen than to try and deal with the behaviour once it has occurred.

It is also important to remember that ALL behaviour displayed by kids with autism is for a reason an internal or external factor NEVER just because as with typically developing children.

Due to the triad of autistic impairments children with autism have a lack of social awareness, communication and imagination skills and behaviours.

It is therefore recommended that because of the triad of autistic impairments that any behaviour management for kids with autism is devised to help the child with ASD understand and cope with skills and behaviours that they struggle to understand and manage.

Help such as visual intervention strategies, which ARE used to help teach social awareness, communication and imagination skills and behaviours.

There are many different positive behaviour supports like visual intervention strategies such as: Social Skills Stories, Visual Social Story Cards, Flash Cards, PECS and so on…

Using Positive behaviour supports for ASD is beneficial.

For example positive behaviour supports for ASD can teach self-help skills, choice and decision making, routine changes, social awareness, communication skills and environmental changes as well as much more.

Probably one of the major strategies used is social skills stories – these are short descriptive pieces of text which can be used to help the child with ASD feel more comfortable with and in a situation.

Social Skills Stories use visual images to help explain a situation, skill, behaviour or event from the child’s own perspective. Typically kids with ASD are visual thinkers and learners; this means that they understand visual information easier than that which is written or spoken.

Noticeably kids with ASD have communication difficulties and find reading facial expressions and body language confusing, this is also due to their social impairments.

Having social impairments can make friendships difficult to build and maintain again positive behaviour supports for ASD can help alleviate this issue and help the child with autism develop friendships.

The social story will help answer the “wh” questions – who, what, why, when and where as well as “HOW” and will provide the child with autism an insight into the thoughts, feelings and emotions of others which is an area of marked weakness in most autistics.

The social story can act like a visual framework or plan of the skill being taught, it will focus on the key points or cues and suggest possible outcomes for the child with autism to follow.

To learn more about behaviour management for kids with autism and how social skills stories WILL help visit:

http://www.autismsocialstories.com

Christmas with an ASD child

The Festive Season is here once more, for the majority of us it is the season of fun and festivities, but for many families with an ASD child Christmas can be fraught with stress and anxiety.

 

For many children on the spectrum Christmas time is more likely to be filled with difficulties, stresses and anxiety. Their routines can be disrupted and the stability they rely on can go out the window, and be replaced by the sheer chaos of Christmas.

 

And as any parent of an autistic child knows no matter how small the changes are they can be difficult for the ASD child to cope with.

 

For many families with an ASD child Christmas and all its sensory overloads is dreaded. However there ARE Intervention Strategies designed to help children on the spectrum deal with many of the issues surrounding Christmas.

 

Intervention Strategies such as social skills stories, visual social story cards, flash cards, PECS and other strategies ARE used to help children on the spectrum at Christmas time.

 

These Intervention Strategies can help with skills, behaviours and activities such as decorating the Christmas tree. Many autistic children fail to understand why a tree is decorated.  Consequently Intervention Strategies like social stories ARE used to explain why in a way the child on the spectrum can understand.

 

For many families Christmas with an ASD child is stressful, intervention strategies can HELP remove some of the stress by helping the autistic child gain a better understanding of Christmas.

 

Social skills stories are short descriptive pieces of text, written from the point of view of the child on the spectrum, and using visual images or pictures to show the situation or skill much like a comic strip.

 

Using visual images is known to work with children on the spectrum as they are mainly visual thinkers and learners, meaning they think in pictures, making visual intervention strategies like social skills stories excellent resources to use.

 

Many situations and skills can be addressed using social skills stories, a good social story will act as a role model or visual plan, breaking the situation down into smaller sections showing in a concise manner the “wh” questions – who, where, when, why and what, plus “How” as well as giving an insight into the thoughts, feelings and emotions of others all helping to reduce anxieties, stress ad confusion.

 

A social story may be edited and personalized for convenience, to learn more about Christmas with an autistic child and how social stories for Christmas can help visit:

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/christmas

Other social stories can be downloaded from:

http://www.autismsocialstories.com

 

where you will find information and a selection of social stories for Christmas with your autistic child. Other social stories can be found at: http://www.autismsocialstories.com

Social skills teaching for teenagers with autism

Generally “normally” developing teenagers learn social skills through observation and parental instruction; this is not the case for adolescents with autism spectrum disorder.

Typically adolescents with autism spectrum disorder lack The Theory of mind and can find social skills difficult to master without direct teaching.

What is The Theory of mind – simply put The Theory is the ability to predict another person’s thoughts or emotions through observation – “reading facial expression, gestures, body language and speech inflection”

For teenagers with autism this is a skill that they lack, and therefore need help to learn.

Social skills teaching for teenagers with autism is necessary and can be achieved through Intervention Strategies like social stories.

We all need basic social skills, this is especially important during puberty. For teens with autism puberty can be very confusing, Intervention Strategies like social stories can help alleviate some of the difficulties and stress surrounding this time in the teens life.

A social story is like a visual framework of a skill or behaviour set out in terms of the relevant social cues. So for example a social story can be used to teach personal hygiene rules, personal space, no touching, transitions and so on, in-fact almost any skill the teenager with autism is struggling with.

For teens with autism puberty is confusing, a changing body and feelings can add up to anxieties which can lead to meltdowns and isolation. By putting social stories in-place for adolescents with autism spectrum disorder you can help them make sense of this period in their lives.

Social stories are short descriptive stories that use visual images/pictures to describe a skill or situation from the autistic teens point of view. The social story will answer the “wh” questions – who, what, where, when and why as well as “HOW” and will provide autistic teens an insight into what other people may be feeling or thinking.

Social skills teaching for teenagers with autism using social stories is beneficial to learn more about how social stories for teens with autism can help your adolescent visit:

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/autistic_teens

Where you will find information on social stories as well as have the chance to download social stories for teens with autism on puberty and other issues the teen may be facing.

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/autistic_teens