Posts Tagged ‘individual with autism’

Social stories for children with autism

Thursday, August 19th, 2010

Social Stories are a visual tool used to help teach social skills to children with autism.


Social stories provide the individual with autism an explanation and visual framework of the skill or situation that they may find difficult or confusing.


Research shows that the Social Stories are an excellent visual tool which can be used to help reduce stress and inappropriate behaviours in some children with an ASD. The social story also increases social understanding and has been reported as a good approach for helping children with an ASD to reach their full potential.


The goal of a social skills story is to increase the autistic child’s understanding of skills and social situations they are struggling to master and understand. By making the child with an ASD more comfortable with and in the situation, and suggest possible responses they may receive from others.

 

Social skills stories follow specific sentence types: descriptive, perspective, directive and control. Introduced around twenty years ago as a means of communication, social stories have grown into a very popular visual strategy that can be used with all autistic individuals regardless of age and ability.

 

Generally social skills stories are written by experts, teachers and parents to help teach social and communication skills to autistic individuals. Social stories can be edited to suit all needs, personalized, printed and are portable making them convenient and easy to use.


A social skills story can be introduced to help deal with any situation or skill that the autistic child needs help with. No formal training is needed to use social skills stories, site which offer support and expertly written social stories can be found using search engines such as Google.

 

Sites that offer social stories for children with autism like http://www.autismsocialstories.com offer support and downloads of social skills stories for various situations and skills for a small fee.


A social skills story should be visual and use first person text, like a role model the social skills story will help with transitions, and changes to routines as well as teach and support social skills and communication difficulties.

 

For more information on this visual strategy visit any of the following sites and find social stories for children with autism

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/social_skills

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/school

Do social stories work?

Wednesday, March 31st, 2010

Social stories are short, specifically written stories to help children with autism understand a specific situation, activity or skill.

By describing what happens in a social situation in a concise, accurate and structured manner, that is easily understood by the individual with ASD.

The goal of the social story being to provide the individual with ASD a clear framework of the skill or situation, thus reducing anxieties and stresses, allowing the person with autism to rehearse and practise the skill. The social story also helps the person with autism prepare for a change to routine.

Research suggests that social stories which follow a predefined formula can make a difference in helping an individual with autism understand and improve social and communication skills and behaviours.

A social story should answer the “wh” questions (who, where, why, when and what) using first person text and visual images, showing the individual with autism an acceptable manner of behaviour in a social situation, “without actually having to tell them”.

So do social stories work?

Yes they do, why? By attempting to address the theory of mind, or social skills deficits that all individuals with ASD have.

For many autistic people being able to understand the thoughts and actions of those around them is missing this is due to the theory of mind or social skills deficits. As typically developing beings we are able to “mind read” or predict another persons mood, thoughts, feelings and emotions by simply reading their facial expression, body language and tone of voice or suggestions. With the ASD individual this natural ability is missing.

A social story can help an individual with ASD understand the thoughts and emotions of the people that they may interact with.

By using visual images a social story can be better understood, as generally most autistic people are visual thinkers and learners. The social story is set out in much the same manner as a comic strip conversation, making it easier for the ASD individual to follow.

A social story should be written in first person language and always from the point of view of the autistic individual.

Research shows us that children with autism do respond well to social stories, thus many parents, care givers and teachers use social stories regularly to help improve and encourage positive social and communication skills.

To find out more about social stories and how that can hep your child with ASD visit http://www.autismsocialstories.com

For other specific social stories for your child with ASD visit:
http://www.autismsocialstories.com/school
http://www.autismsocialstories.com/preschool
http://www.autismsocialstories.com/social_skills

Children with autism that display eating difficulties

Tuesday, March 16th, 2010

In typically developing children, eating problems are relatively common, and affect approximately 40 percent of kids.

 

In children with autism spectrum disorder, eating problems are even more common, and can take many different forms.


Autism spectrum disorder is a complex disorder, and the dietary issues displayed by many children on the spectrum can be quite complex also. In autism individuals prefer routine and sameness and this can follow through to what they eat, preferring to eat the same each day.

 

Children with autism can also have sensory sensitivities, which may make them dislike certain textures or tastes. Some autistic children, for example, will eat only soft foods, or only crunchy foods.


Even though many children with autism will display eating difficulties there is still very little real help or investigation into this issue and many parents find themselves looking for solutions endlessly.


Many parents of children with autism that display eating difficulties use social skills stories as a means of attempting to control and alleviate some of the stress and anxiety caused by their child’s eating issues.

 

Social skills stories have many uses and have become one of the significant tools used in helping children with autism understand and deal with issues that they find difficult, stressful or confusing.

 

Generally children with autism spectrum disorder are visual thinkers and learners and can relate to the visual images used in social stories. The social story acts like a visual framework showing the individual with autism the “wh” questions (who, where, what, why and when) detailing in appropriate first person language appropriate behaviours and responses helping the individual with autism understand and deal with the issues that they are facing.

 

Social stories for children with autism that display eating difficulties can be downloaded immediately from http://www.autismsocialstories.com/diet

 

 

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http://www.autismsocialstories.com/diet

 

 

What are social stories for ASD?

Tuesday, March 2nd, 2010

Social skills stories are used to teach social and communication skills to individuals with autism spectrum disorder and related conditions. Developed around twenty years ago by therapist Carol Gray to teach communication skills to the ASD children she was working with.

 

A social skills story is much like a comic strip conversation, which describes using visual prompts and text the “wh” (who, what, where, why and when) questions for a particular skill or behaviour.

 

For example social stories are used in situations such as; hygiene issues ~ like tooth brushing, showering etc. with teenagers to help with issues such as puberty, menstruation, making friends and social behaviour and so on.

 

By showing the social cues or prompts the social skills story can give specific information in a step by step visual plan or framework in a manner that can be easily digested and understood by the individual with ASD.

 

Social stories provide ASD children, teens and adults information which will help them determine how another person may be feeling their emotions, thoughts and actions helping the ASD individual better react and respond in specific situations.

 

Social stories are probably one of the most significant tools used to help teach social and communication skills to individuals with autism spectrum disorder. Consequently social skills stories for ASD can now be easily adapted and are generally always visually rich.

 

By addressing the theory of mind (social skills deficits) presented the ASD individuals, for example social stoires can be used in the home, school, college and almost anywhere where the individual with autism needs help to understand and master a skill or behaviour that they are struggling to deal with.


Hopefully this will answer the ~ what are social skills stories for ASD question, for more information and to download social skills stories for ASD and related conditions visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com

 

Other sites offering downloads of social stories for individuals with autism spectrum disorder can be found at:

http://www.autismsocialstoires.com/social_skills

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/school

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