Posts Tagged ‘common to autism’

Autistic spectrum disorder social difficulties

Friday, January 17th, 2014

Children with autistic spectrum disorder will have social difficulties regardless of their age or ability; this is thought to be due to the ‘triad of impairments’ which are common to autism.


What is the triad of impairments?


Are social skills deficits in three main areas, social skills, communication skills and imagination skills; all children with autistic spectrum disorder will have varying degrees of social skills deficits.


Methods of addressing autistic spectrum disorder social difficulties in communication skills.


All children with an autistic spectrum disorder experience communication difficulties. Although language itself may not be affected the way the child expresses themselves and uses language will almost certainly be affected. As will the way the child uses non-verbal language such as gestures and signals.


For many children with an autistic spectrum disorder understanding language is problematic and is one of the major causes of autistic social difficulties.


Imagine being dropped in a foreign land with no means of communication, where everybody talked in a way you could not totally understand, this is what it can be like to be autistic and have communication difficulties.


What we do know for certain is that the vast majority of autistic children are visual thinkers and learners, which means they think and digest information easier if the information is visual.


Therefore, visual strategies which can enable autistic children to understand what is happening around them, what is expected of them or that they can use to express themselves should always be visual.


With autistic spectrum disorder social difficulties the most common visual strategies used are social skills stories, PECS, flash cards and other visual strategies such as visual timetables, choices boards and mini schedules etc.


Developed twenty years ago social skills stories ARE a major tool for autism that can be implemented and used to address many social skills deficits.


Social stories are a major tool for autism which needs no formal training to use, can be edited and personalized.


A social skills story is a simple description using first person text and visual images or pictures of an everyday social situation, activity or event shown visually from the child’s perspective, much like a visual plan or framework and acting as a role model to the child.


For example, a social skills story can be used to help a child prepare for upcoming changes to routines, or learn appropriate social interactions for situations that they encounter.


The goal of the social skills story is to give the autistic child a chance to rehearse the skill, change to routine or behaviour making them feel more relaxed and less anxious. Then, when the situation actually happens, the autistic child can use the story to help guide his or her behaviour.


Research shows that using social stories can have a positive affect on autistic spectrum disorder social difficulties, giving simple and clear descriptions of social cues and appropriate behaviours.


Generally social skills stories should follow a set pattern of sentence type. All social skills stories should be flexible and be editable, as we all use different language and expressions.


To learn more about how social stories can help address autistic spectrum disorder social difficulties visit:




Tackling social and communication problems in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Friday, October 11th, 2013

Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder have social deficiencies these are common to autism; it is due to these social deficiencies that the autistic child may be unaware of the rules of social conduct, how to act in public or interactions. Even though all autistic individuals have social deficiencies the level of disability and the combination of symptoms will vary from person to person.


Having social deficiencies is common to autism and at times can leave the autistic child open to bullying especially at school.


For many children with Autism Spectrum Disorder understanding language can also cause problems.


Generally kids with autism that display communication difficulties will misunderstand simple directions or questions and may take what is said too literally. For example; metaphors, humour, sarcasm, irony and other figures of speech (such as “watch what you say”) can all be confusing.


Due to their social deficiencies sometimes kids with autism can come across as rude or aloof. But while they may appear emotionally flat, the reality is that autistic child is far from unfeeling. What may appear like indifference or insensitivity is actually due to social impairments, the inability to see things as other people do.


However using treatments of autism for tackling social and communication problems in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder will be beneficial.


There are many treatments of autism available with social skills stories being probably the most significant for tackling social and communication problems in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.


Social Skills Stories are used effectively by parents, teachers, care givers and other professionals to help improve and teach social, imagination and interaction skills and behaviours as well as addressing communication difficulties, in children with autism.


Social skills stories are treatments of autism that are easy to implement and need no formal training to use, they can be downloaded from the internet or provided by your child’s OT, speech therapist and sometimes school.


Social skills stories help overcome social deficiencies by tackling social and communication problems in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder, by helping the child with autism learn appropriate social skills and behaviours.


The autism social skills story provides the child with a step by step visual plan detailing the key points or goals, allowing them a chance to rehearse the skill or behaviour they are struggling with. Which will make the child feel more comfortable with and in the situation they are struggling with and less likely to become stressed or agitated.


To find out more about social skills stories for tackling social and communication problems in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder visit:









Social stories for autistic kids

Monday, November 15th, 2010

Deficits with social skills are common to autism. This means for many autistic kids problems with social interactions, communication difficulties and a distinct lack of imaginative skills. And unlike their typically developing peers the natural ability to “read people” and learn appropriate and essential life skills is missing meaning these skills are needed to be taught directly.


Therefore intervention strategies ARE implemented to help parents, care givers, teachers and other professionals teach and encourage their child on the spectrum to learn and use appropriate social, communication and imagination skills and behaviours.


Also common to autism are sensory processing issues, meaning the child on the spectrum may be either hyper or hypo sensitive and need help with this problem.


Social stories for autistic kids are used to help address deficits with social, communication and imagination skills and help with sensory processing issues.


Using intervention strategies like social stories has proven effective in many cases and is now one of the major autism resources used for helping autistic kids.


Social skills stories ARE short descriptive almost comic script like stories, using visual images to tell the child with autism how to deal with a certain situation or skill that they are struggling with.


For example tooth brushing, for many autistic kids this skill is difficult to master, the cold water, feel of the tooth brush and taste of the tooth paste can in many cases, due to sensory processing issues cause discomfort, anxiety and stress.


By implementing social skills stories you can show your child with autism the consequence of not brushing as well as the positive affects of brushing as well as explain the “wh” questions – who, where, why, when and what and give an insight into the thoughts feelings and emotions of others as well as what’s  involved in and with this skill.


The vast majority of children with an ASD are visual thinkers and learners, meaning they think in pictures, this makes social stories an ideal intervention strategy as the stories are visual using images and pictures.


Social stories for autistic kids use visual images to show the skill, by breaking it into smaller sections, using first person language, following a set formula and in a manner the child on the spectrum will be able to understand.


Most social stories are editable, this is because no two children with an ASD are ever the same and we all use different terminology with our children, therefore parents or teachers are able to edit the social skills story to make the terminology relevant and personalize if this is needed.


Social stories for autistic kids can act as a role model or visual plan helping to teach the child with autism. Social stories can also be used to help with transitions, changes to routines, events, activities and inappropriate behaviours.


To learn more bout how a social skills story could help your child with autism address deficits in social, communication and imagination skills visit any of the following sites: