Posts Tagged ‘children with autistic’

Autistic spectrum disorder social difficulties

Friday, January 17th, 2014

Children with autistic spectrum disorder will have social difficulties regardless of their age or ability; this is thought to be due to the ‘triad of impairments’ which are common to autism.

 

What is the triad of impairments?

 

Are social skills deficits in three main areas, social skills, communication skills and imagination skills; all children with autistic spectrum disorder will have varying degrees of social skills deficits.

 

Methods of addressing autistic spectrum disorder social difficulties in communication skills.

 

All children with an autistic spectrum disorder experience communication difficulties. Although language itself may not be affected the way the child expresses themselves and uses language will almost certainly be affected. As will the way the child uses non-verbal language such as gestures and signals.

 

For many children with an autistic spectrum disorder understanding language is problematic and is one of the major causes of autistic social difficulties.

 

Imagine being dropped in a foreign land with no means of communication, where everybody talked in a way you could not totally understand, this is what it can be like to be autistic and have communication difficulties.

 

What we do know for certain is that the vast majority of autistic children are visual thinkers and learners, which means they think and digest information easier if the information is visual.

 

Therefore, visual strategies which can enable autistic children to understand what is happening around them, what is expected of them or that they can use to express themselves should always be visual.

 

With autistic spectrum disorder social difficulties the most common visual strategies used are social skills stories, PECS, flash cards and other visual strategies such as visual timetables, choices boards and mini schedules etc.

 

Developed twenty years ago social skills stories ARE a major tool for autism that can be implemented and used to address many social skills deficits.

 

Social stories are a major tool for autism which needs no formal training to use, can be edited and personalized.

 

A social skills story is a simple description using first person text and visual images or pictures of an everyday social situation, activity or event shown visually from the child’s perspective, much like a visual plan or framework and acting as a role model to the child.

 

For example, a social skills story can be used to help a child prepare for upcoming changes to routines, or learn appropriate social interactions for situations that they encounter.

 

The goal of the social skills story is to give the autistic child a chance to rehearse the skill, change to routine or behaviour making them feel more relaxed and less anxious. Then, when the situation actually happens, the autistic child can use the story to help guide his or her behaviour.

 

Research shows that using social stories can have a positive affect on autistic spectrum disorder social difficulties, giving simple and clear descriptions of social cues and appropriate behaviours.

 

Generally social skills stories should follow a set pattern of sentence type. All social skills stories should be flexible and be editable, as we all use different language and expressions.

 

To learn more about how social stories can help address autistic spectrum disorder social difficulties visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com/behavior

 

OR http://www.autismsocialstories.com

 

Autistic behaviour issues using social stories

Thursday, September 16th, 2010

Children with an autistic spectrum disorder can have behavioural difficulties regardless of their age and ability.

 

The autism spectrum is an umbrella for a range of autistic disorders from low functioning autism to High functioning autism and Asperger disorder.

 

Although combined by autistic characteristics the abilities of each individual will vary depending on where a child falls on the autism spectrum.

 

Many of the symptoms associated with autistic spectrum disorder can lead to behavioural difficulties.

 

Typically children with an autistic spectrum disorder will have difficulties socialising and communicating with others. For example typical autistic characteristics can include: displaying symptoms of withdrawal, the use of odd or inappropriate language, have unusual preoccupations, use repetitive stereotypical movements, have unusual routines, habits and behaviours.

 

Research suggests parents, teachers and other professionals use social skills stories to improve the social functioning and behaviour of children with autism.

 

Social stories are visual strategies that describe skills and situations in terms of social cues and appropriate responses.

 

Social skills stories can be individualized to suit the needs and abilities of the individual on the spectrum. The social skills story can be used to help children with autism learn appropriate social and communication skills.

 

The goal of the social skills story for children with autism should be to help pave the way for a positive social interaction or behaviour.

 

To learn more about how to help autistic behaviour issues using social stories visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com.behavior

 

These social stories are visual strategies written in first person language from the point of view of the autistic individual and will help solve to solve autistic behaviour issues using social stories as the answer.

Other appropriate social stories can be found at http://www.autismsocialstories.com

 

Children with autistic spectrum disorder and sensory issues

Tuesday, September 8th, 2009

Sensory issues are common in children with autistic spectrum disorder. Generally children with autistic spectrum disorder have sensory issues, which can make them either highly sensitive or under responsive to sensory stimulation such as sound, light, smell, taste and touch as well as other stimulation through their senses.


Sensory issues can take different forms and will vary between children for example: some children with autistic spectrum disorder may overreact and become anxious, scared even experience pain at certain sounds for example a bell (like the ring of the telephone) or siren, but will talk very loudly when speaking with other people.

 

Children with autistic spectrum disorder and sensory issues may sometimes object to certain materials like rough-textured clothing on their skin or labels on the inside their clothes.

 

Sometimes children with autistic spectrum disorder and sensory issues may only want to eat certain foods and may dislike certain textures of foods.

 

Some children with autistic spectrum disorder and sensory issues can tolerate hugging but will become irritated and defensive when touched softly. This is sometimes referred to as “tactile defensiveness” which can make this set of autistic children appear disinterested in other people even their own parents, physical contact can make this set of autistic children irritated rather than consoled.

 

Generally all autistic children will have some form of sensory issue, parents can now make a difference to their child’s behavior using something called social skills stories.

 

For example some autistic kids are sensitive to sound, as shown above. Teachers have reported some autistic kids fear fire drills (sound) and that using social skills stories; for fire drills has been a huge bonus, helping keep autistic children calm, explaining to them what the fire alarm is why it is used and appropriate behaviors expected of them when the fire drill sounds.

 

Social skills stories are used for a wide range of sensory issues that affect autistic children both in the home and at school. Parents and teachers report significant improvements in autistic sensory issues once social skills stories are introduced.

 

Social skills stories are generally written by experts and are visually rich, as autistic kids tend to be visual learners and will respond better to visual supports and cues. They will always use first person appropriate language and will follow focus on the key points being addressed by the social skills story.

There are many sites on the internet offering parents and teacher the opportunity to download social skills stories to help with autistic sensory issues, one such site with stories such as fire drills is www.autismsocialstories.com/school


Other sites with social skills stories on various issues relating to children with autism and autistic sensory issues are:

 


www.autismsocialstories.com