Posts Tagged ‘Children with an ASD’

Comprehending autism spectrum disorders

Tuesday, January 12th, 2016

Parents, teachers, caregivers and other professionals involved in the care and well being of an individual on the spectrum can find comprehending autism spectrum disorders confusing and stressful.

 

All children with an ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder) will have the triad of autistic impairments in their ability to:

 

Socially interact

Communication difficulties

Imagination skills

 

Plus in most cases sensory processing issues which can affect an autistic individuals senses (taste, smell, touch, sound and sight). Most children with an ASD will also display obsessive and repetitive behaviours, will prefer routines and can become anxious if these routines change.

 

Children with an ASD also display marked difficulties with non-verbal and verbal communication. A child with autism will have difficulties comprehending the communication and language used by those around them as well difficulties in developing effective communication themselves.

 

Unlike typically developing children that learn social skills naturally, a child with autism will struggle socially. For many parents probably the hardest challenge they face is their child’s difficulty to understand the social behaviour of others. A child with autism will have difficulties displaying and comprehending appropriate socially accepted behaviours.

 

Generally most autistic individuals do not process information in the same manner as typically developing beings.  The opinions and thoughts of other are of no real consequence for the individual on the spectrum, which can cause frustrations and upset.

 

Consequently, comprehending autism spectrum disorders can be frustrating and stressful for those involved in the everyday care of an individual on the spectrum.

 

Research shows us however that although there is no cure for autism there are various treatments of autism that are available that can help overcome triad of autistic impairments.

 

Various treatments of autism like social skills stories work effectively addressing the triad of autistic impairments. They do this by showing the autistic child what to expect in certain situations or what is expected of them which reduces stress and helps control anxieties.

 

By answering the ever important “wh” questions – who, where, why, when and what as well as giving an insight into the thoughts and feelings of others a social skills stories visually explain using images and relevant social cues the skill or situation. All helping an autistic child to better understand and cope with the skill or situation that

They may be struggling with.   

 

To find a greater comprehending of autism spectrum disorders and how social skills stories can help address some of the issues faced by children with an ASD visit sites like: http://www.autismsocialstories.com

ASD in children

Friday, June 10th, 2011

ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder) is a neurological disorder which affects more boys than girls. Generally ASD is diagnosed before a child reaches three years of age.

ASD in children will typically affect how the child interacts, behaves and communicates with others. This is commonly known as the Triad of Autistic Impairments or social skills deficits and will affect all children with an ASD, in varying degrees.

The Triad of Autistic Impairments are typical to Autism Spectrum Disorder and can be treated with intervention strategies designed to help children with an ASD overcome their social skills deficits.

Intervention strategies like social skills stories, PECS and visual support cards are commonly used to help the ASD child understand and cope with situations and skills that they are struggling with or find stressful, like for example recess, asking questions and making friends.

Social stories were first introduced around twenty years ago by therapist Carol Grey as a means of communication with the children she was working.

Social skills stories comprise of four sentence types; Perspective, Directive, Descriptive and control and will generally follow a set formula.

Typically for the ASD child social skills stories answer the “wh” questions – who, where, why, when and what as well as “HOW” and give an insight into the thoughts and feelings of others which is an area of marked weakness in children with an ASD.

No two autistic kids will ever be the same, and we all use different terminology, therefore most social skills stories are written in word format which means that they are easy to edit.

Generally most autistic kids are visual thinkers and learners, which means that they think in pictures. It is therefore important to use visual supports like social skills stories, PECS and visual support cards.

ASD in children is not cure-able but by using visual supports like social skills stories YOU will find teaching an ASD child social skills can be considerably improved.

Social skills stories use first person text and visual images in a manner that all kids with autism will find easy to understand. A social skills story can act as a role model or visual step by step plan.

Parents, caregivers, teachers and assistants can use any social skills story without any formal training. They can be downloaded, edited, printed and implemented easily and for most situations and skills the child is struggling with.

To learn more teaching an ASD child social skills using social stories visit: www.autismsocialstories.com where you will find social stories to download.

 

Writing Social Stories for children with autism

Tuesday, January 11th, 2011

What are social stories?

 

Social stories are short descriptive stories which explain a skill or situation in terms of relative social cues, perspectives and common responses in a defined manner, using pictures or images and first person text, much like a comic script.

 

The goal of a Social Story is to present accurate information in a consistent and reassuring manner that children with autism can easily understand.

 

Social Stories were first developed around twenty years ago to help with communication difficulties in children with an ASD. Today, Social Stories are not only ideal for children with an ASD but are also a positive approach for adolescents and young people with autism and related communication disorders.

 

For children with an ASD communication both verbal and non verbal is an area of marked weakness, this is mainly due to social skills deficits which are common to all individuals with autism.

 

What are social skills deficits?

 

Social skills deficits are sometimes referred to as the triad of autistic impairments:

Social skills deficits

Communication deficits

Imagination deficits

 

These deficits are always present in individuals with autism to varying degrees, as with typically developing children no two ASD children are ever the same and development will vary.

 

Social Stories are used to focus on a specific skill or situation the child on the spectrum is struggling with for example: changes to routines, for most ASD children any changes to routines no matter how small can be a real problem, using a social story to explain the upcoming change can help reassure and prevent anxiety and stress.

 

Writing social stories for children with autism is an effective way of dealing with issues. A social story should contain Descriptive, Perspective, Directive and control sentences always be from the child’s point of view and in first person text.

 

Children on the spectrum tend to be visual thinkers and learners, which means they think in pictures, this concept is used in most social stories. The social story should map out the skill or situation using images and text. Answering the ever important “wh” questions – who, where, why, when and what as well as “HOW” and give an insight into the thoughts, feelings and emotions of others, this is an area of weakness to individuals with autism.

 

A social story is like a role model or visual framework showing the social cues.  Social stories need no formal training to use and are editable, no two children are the same and we all use different terminology, therefore generally most social stories will need slight tweaks to make the content relevant to your child.

 

To learn more about implementing social stories and get downloads of social stories which have been already written for you to save you time visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com

 

Where you will also gather information on writing social stories for children with autism as well as info on what are social stories and why do they help?

 

Visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/behavior

Social Stories for Autistic Children

Thursday, December 23rd, 2010

Due to social skills deficits children with autism need special INTERVENTION STRATEGIES to learn social skills. Social Stories for Autistic Children and visual support cards are two effective autism teaching aids that can be used.

 

Children with autism have difficulties with social and communication skills this is known as the triad of autistic impairments or social skills deficits.

 

Having social skills deficits will affect how autistic children view themselves and those people around them. Typically autistic children tend to be involved in their own world and not interested in interacting with people around them.

 

It is because of the triad of autistic impairments and issues such as sensory processing issues which mean children with an ASD  require Intervention Strategies and autism teaching aids to help them function and cope.

 

Probably the most popular autism teaching aids are social stories for autistic children and visual support cards, both of which are excellent Intervention Strategies, ARE easy to implement and need no formal training to use.

 

Social Stories are short descriptive stories like a comic strip which use pictures or images to teach children with an ASD social, communication and imagination skills, and help overcome social skills deficits.

 

Social stories use visual images to describe a social situation in terms of the relevant social cues in a manner a child with autism can better understand. The images and first person text will show the child with autism verbal and non verbal cues.

 

A good social skills story will act as a visual plan or role model for the child with autism to follow. Social stories can be used for various situations and skills effectively such as: asking questions, being fair, calming down, eating new foods, making friends and so on. Social stories are also used in schools to help children with autism understand and cope with school, for example recess, assembly, P.E and so on.

 

A social skills story breaks the skill into smaller easier to understand sections and answers the ever important “wh” questions – who, where, why, when and what as well as “HOW” and gives an insight into the thoughts and feelings of others which is a known weakness in autism.

 

To learn more about social stories for autistic children and get downloads of appropriate social stories visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com

 

To learn more about other autism teaching aids such as visual support cards visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com/visual_aids

 

Other sites with autism teaching aids are: http://www.insideautisticminds.com

http://www.autismsocialstories.org.uk

Social stories for autistic kids

Monday, November 15th, 2010

Deficits with social skills are common to autism. This means for many autistic kids problems with social interactions, communication difficulties and a distinct lack of imaginative skills. And unlike their typically developing peers the natural ability to “read people” and learn appropriate and essential life skills is missing meaning these skills are needed to be taught directly.

 

Therefore intervention strategies ARE implemented to help parents, care givers, teachers and other professionals teach and encourage their child on the spectrum to learn and use appropriate social, communication and imagination skills and behaviours.

 

Also common to autism are sensory processing issues, meaning the child on the spectrum may be either hyper or hypo sensitive and need help with this problem.

 

Social stories for autistic kids are used to help address deficits with social, communication and imagination skills and help with sensory processing issues.

 

Using intervention strategies like social stories has proven effective in many cases and is now one of the major autism resources used for helping autistic kids.

 

Social skills stories ARE short descriptive almost comic script like stories, using visual images to tell the child with autism how to deal with a certain situation or skill that they are struggling with.

 

For example tooth brushing, for many autistic kids this skill is difficult to master, the cold water, feel of the tooth brush and taste of the tooth paste can in many cases, due to sensory processing issues cause discomfort, anxiety and stress.

 

By implementing social skills stories you can show your child with autism the consequence of not brushing as well as the positive affects of brushing as well as explain the “wh” questions – who, where, why, when and what and give an insight into the thoughts feelings and emotions of others as well as what’s  involved in and with this skill.

 

The vast majority of children with an ASD are visual thinkers and learners, meaning they think in pictures, this makes social stories an ideal intervention strategy as the stories are visual using images and pictures.

 

Social stories for autistic kids use visual images to show the skill, by breaking it into smaller sections, using first person language, following a set formula and in a manner the child on the spectrum will be able to understand.

 

Most social stories are editable, this is because no two children with an ASD are ever the same and we all use different terminology with our children, therefore parents or teachers are able to edit the social skills story to make the terminology relevant and personalize if this is needed.

 

Social stories for autistic kids can act as a role model or visual plan helping to teach the child with autism. Social stories can also be used to help with transitions, changes to routines, events, activities and inappropriate behaviours.

 

To learn more bout how a social skills story could help your child with autism address deficits in social, communication and imagination skills visit any of the following sites:

http://www.autismsocialstories.com

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/school

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/hygiene

http://www.insideautisticminds.com