Social stories for children with autism spectrum disorder

Social stories were first developed round twenty years ago by therapist Carol Gray. To aid the communication difficulties she was having with the autistic students she worked with.

 

Children with autism spectrum disorder have problems in three main areas of development: Social interaction skills, they may struggle to make friends, understand the unspoken rules of social interaction, be unable to recognise social cues and signals, not respect personal space and display at times weird or odd behaviours, many autistic students fail to understand school and class rules.

 

Communication difficulties with both verbal (spoken) language and non-verbal communication; For example gestures, sign language, reading or interpreting body language and facial expression.

 

AS well as imagination skills, children with autism spectrum disorder live in a very literal world and find make believe hard to understand a child with autism will also struggle with humour, pretend play. They may also display obsessive behaviours and fail to recognise or indeed understand why others may not share their interest.

 

Social stories for children with autism spectrum disorder aim to HELP address these social skills deficits. All autistic children will have some or all of the above social skills deficits with varying degrees of severity dependant on where the child with autism falls on the autism spectrum.

 

Social stories for children with autism spectrum disorder ARE implemented to help with various skills and situations the child on the autism spectrum is struggling with for example making friends, washing their teeth, coping with recess, respecting personal space and so on.

 

Written in first person language in a consistent manner social stories answer the “wh” questions – who, where, why, when and what as well as “HOW” and give the child on the autism spectrum an insight into the thoughts, feelings and actions of others.

 

Normally following a set pattern of sentence type a social story WILL act as a role model or VISUAL PLAN of the skill or situation.

 

We know children on the spectrum ARE mainly VISUAL thinkers and learners, which means they think in pictures, a good social story will follow this concept and USE visual images or pictures to show visually the skill or situation being taught or encouraged.

 

Social stories for children with autism spectrum disorder should be editable because we all use different terminology with our own child, they should be easy to personalize making them suitable for all ages and abilities.

 

To learn more about how social  skills stories can be implemented and to gain access to over 100 social skills stories visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/socialskills

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/school

http://www.insideautisticminds.com

Social stories for students with autism

For many students with autism probably the biggest issue both at school and home is a deficit of social and communication skills.


For many teachers teaching social and communication skills to their autistic student can become their primary focus. With successes in teaching social skills comes greater confidence, which in turn leads to positive results in other areas of the classroom for the autistic student.


Research shows that social skills stories increase the autistic students knowledge of social and communication skills, which they struggle with like for example, asking questions, making friends, how to cope with recess, assembly and so on.


The social story provides the student with ASD information, the social cues and the perspective of others this is an area of weakness for the student with ASD.

 

Developed twenty years ago to aid communication skills, social stories are probable today one of the major tools teaching social and communication skills and behaviours.

 

Social stories for students with autism should be visual. Most children on the spectrum are visual thinkers and learners meaning they think in pictures, making this strategy beneficial.

 

By using visual images a social story acts like a role model or visual plan of the situation, skill or activity the student with ASD is struggling with. Answering the ever important “wh” questions – who, where, why, when and what the social story also provides the “how” and gives an insight into the thoughts, feelings and emotions of others all helping to reduce anxieties and confusion.

 

Printable and editable social stories for students with autism can be downloaded from

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/school_resources

Social skills stories for students with autism

A social skills story is an intervention strategy used to teach social skills to individuals with autism.

 

Social skills stories were developed almost twenty years ago by therapist Carol Gray, originally as a means of communication with the autistic students she was working with. Since then social skills stories have grown in popularity and use.

 

Today social skills stories are probably one of the most significant autism tools used to help individuals with autism cope and learn appropriate social, communication and behaviour skills.

 

Unlike typically developing children autistic kids do not develop social and communication skills in the typical manner, they prefer routines and need structure, finding changes difficult, stressful and confusing.

 

Generally autistic kids ARE visual thinkers and learners meaning they think in pictures. Therefore the best learning method for the vast majority of students with autism is visual.

 

Using visual strategies like social skills stories is a popular answer with many teachers of students with autism.

 

A social skills story provides concrete information to help improve students’ social skills and appropriate behaviours. Normally social stories will follow a set pattern or formula of specific sentence type.

 

No two autistic students will ever be the same therefore social stories need to be editable to suit the needs and terminology used by individual autistic students.

 

A social skills story is an easy and effective way to teach students with autism how to negotiate changes to routines, handle problem situations and surprises. The social skills story will also help with situations such as transition, recess, making friends, asking questions, eating habits and personal hygiene.

 

Social skills stories for students with autism should be written from the autistic student’s point of view and use visual images to depict the situation or skill the student with ASD is struggling with.

 

Social stories should answer the important “wh” questions – who, where, why, when and what as well as give an insight into the thoughts and feelings of others. The social story should break the skill or situation down into small easier to understand sections, the important social cues and use no frill or extra language to complicate or detract from the skill or situation being dealt with in the social story.

 

Social skills stories for students with autism are visual strategies and should be printable for ease of use and convenience.

 

This visual strategy should also be easy to personalize and act as a role model or visual framework for the student with ASD.

 

To learn more about how social skills stories can help your ASD student visit:

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/school_resources

 

Where you will find social skills stories for students with autism in key stage one, key stage two and also for preschool autism.

 

All these social stories are printable, editable and can be personalized for any student with ASD.

 

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/school_resources

 

 

Building social skills in autistic children

Social skills are difficult to understand for many children with ASD, and parents find teaching every day social and communication skills challenging. The social skills story has become an excellent tool for teaching those valuable skills.

 

Quite often teaching a child with autism social and communication skills can become a primary focus for many parents and teachers of autistic students.

 

An autistic student with social skills deficits will struggle in a mainstream classroom unless their taught appropriate social and communication skills. Success in teaching an autistic student social skills can increase self-confidence, understanding, the autistic student’s attention span and general behaviour within the classroom, which can all help the autistic student reach his or her full potential.

 

Research into autism has shown us building social skills in autistic children is beneficial if the child is to “fit in” socially with their peers.

 

Social skills stories were designed initially to aid communication deficits in children with ASD. However, today they are used more widely as a strategy in teaching autistic children social and communication skills thus addressing their social skills deficits.


A social skills story is much like a role model, this has been prove a successful strategy in teaching autistic children. A social story is a short visual story that describes with images and text a particular social skill being acted out (modelled).

 

The social skills story shows the skill from the child’s point of view in small easy to follow pieces. Using visual images the social skills story shows a step by step plan answering the “wh” questions (who, where, why, when and what) as well as giving an insight into the thoughts and feelings of others, much like reading a script of the skill, this is allowing the autistic child to rehearse the skill.

 

A social skills story can also be used to help with transitions, changes to routines and other less common situations. Using the same formula social skills stories will help parents and teachers with building social skills in autistic children effectively.

 

To learn more about how social stories can help a child with autism learn social and communication skills visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com

 

Or

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/school

 

 

 


Motivating students with autism

Motivating students with autism spectrum disorder can be challenging. With many teachers finding them selves struggling to keep their autistic students on task and focused, unless the particular lesson being taught is of interest to them.

 

Teachers also report communication difficulties, as well as difficulties with social, imagination and interaction skills and behaviours can be an issue. These difficulties are common with autism and are due to social skills deficits, which are always present in autism spectrum disorder.

 

It is due to social skills deficits that many teachers struggle motivating students with autism spectrum disorder. However there are autism tools available which can be implemented to help teachers overcome the social skills deficits displayed by autistic students.

 

One of the major autism tools used with great effect are visual strategies such as visual timetables, visual support cards and social skills stories all of which can be implemented easily and used for autistic students.

 

Motivating students with autism using visual strategies is proven effective, generally students with autism spectrum disorder are visual thinkers and learners meaning they respond and understand information when it is presented visually rather than by text or auditory.

 

Students with autism spectrum disorder will not like routine changes and can become stressed and anxious quickly, by using social skills stories this can be addressed effectively.

 

Social skills stories are also used to address social skills deficits and teach positive behaviours. A social skills story for students with autism will help the student understand and feel more comfortable with situations or skills they struggle with like for example staying on task, asking questions, following rules, recess and so on.


Normally written by experts, social skills stories follow a set formula, always use first person language and visual images, much like a comic strip conversation. Helping the autistic student to feel more comfortable with and in the situation by answering the “wh” questions (who, where, why, when and what) as well as giving the autistic student an insight into the thoughts and feelings of others.


For more information on social skills stories that can be used to help with motivating students with autism visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com/school or http://www.autismsocialstories.com/school_resources

 

Other social skills stories can be found at http://www.autismsocialstories.com

 

 

Using social stories in a classroom

Autistic students have deficits in social cognition, which means they lack the ability to think about appropriate behaviors in social settings.

 

This is explained using the theory of mind or the ability to mind read. Typically developing children can understand and read facial expression and body language. With the autistic student this ability to read other people is missing, experts believe the autistic students deficits in social cognition are due to this theory of mind.

 

Teachers use something called social skills stories to help autistic students cope with their deficits in social cognition. The social skills story gives the autistic student and insight into the skill or behavior that they are struggling with.

 

By showing them visually much like a comic strip, a step by step visual plan giving them social cues and prompts where needed and suggesting possible behaviors, which can help alleviate stresses and confusions.

 

Therefore using social stories in the classroom helps the autistic student by presenting them accurate information social cues for the skill or behavior, also showing them what they may expect from others.

 

Teachers report using social stories in a classroom for situations like for example, shared reading, waiting your turn to speak, asking questions, turn taking, interaction lessons such as gym, as well as social stories for difficulties the autistic student may have with skills such as using the bathroom, recess and so on..

 

The teacher may use social stories in a classroom in various ways, sometimes teachers may use many social stories in and around the classroom and school helping the student with autism with various skills and behaviors that they may be struggling with.


For autistic students that may be non-verbal the autistic educator will want to read the story to the autistic student at the appropriate times.

 

Generally an autistic educator will want to use social stories in a classroom to help with deficits in social cognition helping the student with autism feel more comfortable at school and in the classroom, which will cut down on melt downs and stress.

 

It is believed using social stories in a classroom is beneficial and will help teach vital social skills to the student with autism making for a happier student and class.


You may download social skills stories for autistic students from:

 

www.autismsocialstories.com/school

 

Other social skills stories for autistic students can be downloaded from www.autismsocialstories.com/school_resources

 

Other visual supports such as visual aids cards are available from:

www.autismsocialstories.com/visual_aids

How do visual aids help special ed children

Students with special needs such as autism spectrum disorder often struggle in the classroom. For autistic students the classroom is confusing and can cause unnecessary stress. Students with special needs such as autism spectrum disorder may have problems with things like understanding instructions, listening following rules, changes to routines, transitions and friendships as well as other issues such as sensory processing, toileting, behavior and so on.

 

These issues will require special handling for the student with autism to feel comfortable in class and throughout the school day. Visual aids for autism can help alleviate many of these issues.


Visual aids for autism can make a huge difference to the student with autism and actually help them achieve their potential. For many autistic students using visual aids for autism such as social stories is a real benefit.


Generally teachers of autistic students will be aware of all autism classroom accommodations and will have taken their autistic students needs into account before the student with autism begins school. Many teachers of autistic students use social stories to help teach their student with autism appropriate social, communication, imagination and interaction skills and behaviors. As well as helping the student with autism cope with and understand the rules of school, as well as what is expected of them during the day, and what they can expect from others.


So let’s examine how do visual aids help special ed children – simply be making them more comfortable in and with situations, events and tasks they feel stressed by of fail to understand.


A social story is always written in the first person with visual cues and prompts appropriate to the skill or behavior being mastered. The social story is a visual step by step plan of a task broken down into small easily digestible chunks with focus being given to the key points the “social cues” which the student with autism can follow easily. They can be edited to suit individual needs and printed to make the accessible anywhere. So for example the social story can be used in the playground, outside school, in any class and so on in-fact anywhere it is needed to help support the autistic student.

 

To find out more about social skills stories for autistic students and how do visual aids help special ed children, plus get a download of 48 social skills stories for autistic students visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com/school

 

Or http://www.autismsocialstories.com/school_resources where you can download social skills stories for autistic students, quickly and easily.


Other sites offering social stories can be found at:

http://www.autismsocialstories.com

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/social_skills

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/visual_aids

Teaching Autistic Students Using Social Skills Stories

Probably the most significant difficulty for autistic students is their social skills deficits. Many teachers of autistic students report that teaching social skills to their autistic student can quite often become the primary focus. For many students with autism lack of social skills in the classroom can lead to social misunderstanding, isolation, bullying and stress. Consequently many teachers of autistic students feel teaching autistic students social skills can lead to positive behaviors, inclusion and confidence in the autistic student.

 

Therefore teachers of autistic students turn to techniques such as social stories to teach their autistic students vital social and communication skills. Social skills stories focus on a particular social situation or interaction. For example transition into a new school or class, meeting a new person, recess even assembly all examples of situations within the school day that an autistic child may struggle with, but with the use of social skills stories can learn to cope with and master.


Social skills stories are a very effective autism tool used to teach social skills to autistic children. The social story should give the autistic child exact no frills information about a social situation or behavior that they find confusing or stressful. The goal of a social story is to describe in precise detail giving clear focus to the key points of the skill being taught.

 

Therefore teachers of autistic students agree using social stories can help alleviate many “meltdowns” teach appropriate behaviors and generally help calm stressful and confusing times for the student with autism. Always written following a set pattern and using appropriate first person text the social skills story can help the autistic child comprehend and master any skill or behavior they may be struggling with. The social story uses visual images or pictures to help describe the skill, generally most children with autism are visual learners and find following visual cues and prompts easier than oral or written information.


An example of using social skills stories, typical scene “before social skills stories”

It is time for assembly the whole school will be there. You know what will happen it happens often your student will be overwhelmed, over stimulated, stressed and confused. He will become agitated and upset, other children may laugh and become distracted. You will be stressed, you may be able to clam him but more often than not you will need to remove him from the assembly.

 

An example same event; “using social skills stories”

It is time for assembly the whole school will be there. You know what will happen it happens often your student will be overwhelmed, over stimulated, stressed and confused. But this time YOU have a social skills story, You can read and share the social skills story before assembly, this time your student with autism knows what will happen, what to do and how to act, he is prepared and calm, YOU can relax and enjoy the assembly.


During assembly he begins to feel uncomfortable, you read him the social skills story or he can read it himself to re-enforce his behavior, this clams him and de-stresses him again. No meltdowns, tantrums, confusion or stress.


This is just one simple example of using social skills stories. A social story can be implemented for teaching social skills to autistic students easily and effectively.


For more information and immediate download of social stories used for teaching social skills to autistic students visit either:

 

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/school

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/school_resources

 

Other social stories to teach social skills to autistic children can be downloaded from:

http://www.autismsocialstories.com