Archive for June, 2011

Can Social Stories Help Children with Autism Learn Social Skills?

Thursday, June 30th, 2011

Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder find social skills difficult and confusing this is due to their autistic impairments.

What are Autistic Impairments?

Autism Spectrum Disorder is a neurological disorder which affects how an individual processes information, thinks, acts and reacts. The characteristics of autism are deficits in social, communication and imagination skills.

Typically children with Autism Spectrum Disorder are visual thinkers and learners, which means they think in pictures, therefore Visual Supports are of more benefit.

Visual Supports like social stories are used as a means of communication and as a method of support when teaching and re-enforcing skills and behaviours that the ASD child is finding difficult.

So: Can Social Stories Help Children with Autism Learn Social Skills

 

The answer is YES they can. Introduced around twenty years ago social stories are now one of the major Visual Supports used in the treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorder and related conditions.

Social stories are short descriptive pieces of text which use visual images to describe a situation or skill using appropriate key points. Much like a comic script the social skills story can be easily implemented and needs no formal training to use.

Social stories are a role model or visual step by step plan of a skill or situation. Social stories should follow a set formula of sentence type: Descriptive, Directive, Perspective and control sentences in a manner the child with ASD will be able to follow easily.

Typically a social skills story will answer the “wh” questions – who, where, why, when and what as well as “HOW” and give an insight into the thoughts and feeling of others which is an area of marked weakness in most individuals with Autism.

Generally any treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorder should be visual, easy to implement, and convenient for use in the home, as well as a t school and college.

A social skills story will help with transitions, changes to routines which is another area of difficulty for the vast majority of individuals with Autism, as well as learning new skills, changing behaviours, re-enforcing already learnt skills, in-fact almost all situations and skills the child with ASD is struggling with.

To learn more about how social stories are used, written and implemented visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com

Social Stories for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Related Conditions

Wednesday, June 29th, 2011

Social Stories were first developed around twenty years ago to help children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and related conditions communicate.

A social story is a collection of images and first person text used to describe a situation or skill from the point of view of the autistic child.

Social skills stories are used much like a role model or visual plan detailing the individual steps needed or key points, in a manner that the autistic child can comprehend and follow.

For example a social story can be used to help with social awareness such as making friends which is something that most children on the spectrum struggle with. The social skills story will help the child understand what they are expected to do and in return what they can expect from others.

Social stories for children with autism spectrum disorder and related conditions answer the ever important “wh” questions – who, where ,why, when and what as well as “HOW” and also give an insight into the thoughts, feelings and emotions of other people which is an area of marked weakness in children on the spectrum.

Having autism affects how a person processes information, thinks, acts, reacts and behaves. Social stories HELP by allowing the child the opportunity to rehearse and navigate skills and behaviours prior to them happening.

For example a social skills story can be used at recess typically most children with autism have difficulties with the chaos surrounding recess and can become distressed and confused. The social skills story will allow the child with autism to better understand what recess is and how they can cope with this part of the day.

Generally social stories are written in word format making them easy to edit, as no two children on the autism spectrum are ever going to be the same, plus we all use different terminology with our child. Therefore social skills stories need to be flexible and editable, to suit all needs and abilities.

Social stories for children with autism spectrum disorder and related conditions need to be printable making them convenient to use no matter where the child is.

There is no need for any formal training to use social skills stories, they may be implemented in school, at home and indeed anywhere the child with autism happens to need one.

Social stories are used for transitions, changes to routines, learning new skills, re-enforcing already learnt skills, altering behaviours and many other situations and skills.

To learn more about social stories and how they can help your child with autism visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com

Social Skills Stories for Autism Printables

Thursday, June 23rd, 2011

Social Skills Stories for Autism help to improve the social skills of children on the autism spectrum by using short descriptive social skills stories to help them interpret challenging or confusing social situations and behaviors.

Social skills stories have a specifically defined style and format, which was developed almost twenty years ago by therapist Carol Gray.

They describe a situation, skill or behavior in terms of the relevant social cues, the perspective of others, and will normally suggest appropriate responses and behaviors.

Generally Social Skills Stories for Autism are short descriptive pieces of text with visual images detailing the relevant social cues in any given situation. They break down the behavior or social skill into easier to understand steps by omitting irrelevant information.

The social skills story should be descriptive and visual to show children with autism how they can cope with and understand the behavior, skill or situation the social skills story is detailing

It should also include answers to the questions who, what, when, where, and why and HOW through the use of visuals and short pieces of written text, as well offer an insight into the thoughts and feelings of others which is an area of marked weakness for most children on the autism spectrum.

Social Skills Stories for Autism printables are editable and can be downloaded from sites offering Social Skills Stories for Autism such as http://www.autismsocialstories.com

Generally teachers and parents of autistic children use Social Skills Stories for Autism Printables to teach all social skills their child with autism is struggling with for example social story using the bathroom, hygiene issues, transitions, changes to routines, learning new skills and adjusting behaviors in fact all social, communication, imagination and interaction skills and behaviors can be dealt with using Social Skills Stories for Autism printables.

To download social skills stories for your child with autism visit the above or any of the following sites:


http://www.autismcoialstories.com/school

http://www.autismscoialstories.com/school_resources

ASD in children

Friday, June 10th, 2011

ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder) is a neurological disorder which affects more boys than girls. Generally ASD is diagnosed before a child reaches three years of age.

ASD in children will typically affect how the child interacts, behaves and communicates with others. This is commonly known as the Triad of Autistic Impairments or social skills deficits and will affect all children with an ASD, in varying degrees.

The Triad of Autistic Impairments are typical to Autism Spectrum Disorder and can be treated with intervention strategies designed to help children with an ASD overcome their social skills deficits.

Intervention strategies like social skills stories, PECS and visual support cards are commonly used to help the ASD child understand and cope with situations and skills that they are struggling with or find stressful, like for example recess, asking questions and making friends.

Social stories were first introduced around twenty years ago by therapist Carol Grey as a means of communication with the children she was working.

Social skills stories comprise of four sentence types; Perspective, Directive, Descriptive and control and will generally follow a set formula.

Typically for the ASD child social skills stories answer the “wh” questions – who, where, why, when and what as well as “HOW” and give an insight into the thoughts and feelings of others which is an area of marked weakness in children with an ASD.

No two autistic kids will ever be the same, and we all use different terminology, therefore most social skills stories are written in word format which means that they are easy to edit.

Generally most autistic kids are visual thinkers and learners, which means that they think in pictures. It is therefore important to use visual supports like social skills stories, PECS and visual support cards.

ASD in children is not cure-able but by using visual supports like social skills stories YOU will find teaching an ASD child social skills can be considerably improved.

Social skills stories use first person text and visual images in a manner that all kids with autism will find easy to understand. A social skills story can act as a role model or visual step by step plan.

Parents, caregivers, teachers and assistants can use any social skills story without any formal training. They can be downloaded, edited, printed and implemented easily and for most situations and skills the child is struggling with.

To learn more teaching an ASD child social skills using social stories visit: www.autismsocialstories.com where you will find social stories to download.