Archive for the ‘autism social story’ Category

Exactly how are social stories used

Thursday, October 24th, 2013

Autistic Social Stories are a means which is used for teaching social skills to children with autism and related disabilities. The autism social story provides accurate information about any situation or skill that the child with autism may find difficult or confusing.

 

So exactly how are social stories used?

 

The theory of mind suggests that those with autism have impairments in social understanding and communication skills. This means that those with autism may not understand how to act appropriately in social situations.

 

The theory of mind suggests that this is due to their impairments in social skills those with autism lack the ability to see things from another person’s perspective, and may fail to understand that other people may not always want to do the same things as them or have the same likes and dislikes.

 

Autistic Social Stories attempt to address the theory of mind by providing the person with autism an insight into the thoughts, emotions and behaviours of others.

 

Parents and teachers can use autism social stories for teaching social skills to children with autism, skills such as hygiene, they can teach about transitions as well as social and communication skills and behaviours.

 

What is an autism social story?

 

An autism social story is a short descriptive piece of text written in a specific style following a set formula of sentence type.

 

The autism social story will describe what happens in a specific social situation, presenting information in a clear concise manner.

 

The autism social story is visual; children with autism are generally visual thinkers and learners, meaning they think in pictures. Therefore an autism social skills story needs to be visual using images or pictures as well as first person text to visually show the situation or skill being mastered or taught.

 

The autism social skills story breaks the skill down into smaller easier to understand sections describing the important social cues. Describing what is obvious to most of us, but to a person with social impairments may not be obvious.

 

Autism social skills stories answer the important “wh” question who, where, why, when and what as well as giving an insight into appropriate responses.

 

The goal of Autistic Social Stories

 

To provide a prompt for social behaviour, to help the autistic person become familiar with skills or situations they struggle to understand, to help with transitions and prepare the autistic person for changes to routines and unexpected situations.

 

Thus reducing stress, anxiety and inappropriate behaviours, all helping the autistic child feel more comfortable with and in situations they may find difficult.

 

Autistic Social Stories act as a role model for the person with autism by providing a visual framework or plan that can be adapted to suit all ages and abilities.

 

To learn more about how to use autistic social stories teaching social skills to children with autism visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Improve social skills in a child with autism

Thursday, August 1st, 2013

There are various types of treatment available to parents of kids on the autistic spectrum to help them improve social skills in a child with autism. Probably one of the most significant of these autism treatments is autism social stories.

 

Autism social stories provide a step by step guide in the form of a visual prompt to explain what happens in a given situation: For example the autism social story shows the child with autism.

  • An autistic social skills story shows what the situations is or where the place is
  • An autistic social skills story shows who the people are
  • An autistic social skills story shows what happens, the event, skill or behavior being mastered
  • An autistic social skills story shows what the people say/do, what they are thinking/feeling and why
  • An autistic social skills story shows what the child is expected to say/do in this situation. What others will expect.

A simple autism social story is short with visual images rather like a comic strip. Teachers of students that are on the autism spectrum use social skills stories in and around school to help their students that are on the autism spectrum cope with and understand what is expected of them at school for example school rules, assembly, PE lessons, recess and so on.

Many parents of kids on the autistic spectrum use autism social stories to help their child on the autism spectrum cope with skills like hygiene, visiting a dentist, hairdresser a meal out etc.

A child with autism will almost certainly need direct teaching of social and communication skills and many parents use autism social stories as a strategy for this.

A child on the autism spectrum will almost certainly need support in learning how to behave in an array of commonplace as well as out-of-the-ordinary situations.

For many parents of kids on the autistic spectrum a simple autism social story is needed for almost every occasion and skill. Social skills stories for a variety of occasions can be downloaded directly from sites such as: http://www.autismsocialstories.com and put to immediate use

Parents report autism social stories as a strategy to help improve social skills in a child with autism is beneficial. Other sites offering an array of various autism social stories can be found at:

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/school

http://www.autismsocailstories.com/social_skills

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/behavior

 

 

 

 

 

Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Social Skills

Tuesday, December 18th, 2012

Most people with ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder) find social situations very difficult. As typically developing individuals we learn social skills instinctively from our family, teachers, peers and general environment.

 

Unfortunately people with ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder) are not able to instinctively learn social and communication skills and can sometimes be the subject of jibes, social mistakes and blunders due to their lack of appropriate social and communication skills.

 

Autism Social Stories are used as a visual treatment for autism to help people with ASD learn and develop an understanding of social and communication skills.

 

Autism Social Stories are used by parents, care givers, teachers and other professionals working or involved with children with autism spectrum disorder and related conditions.

 

Autism Social Stories were originally developed by therapist Gray to help her communicate with the ASD children she was working with, today social skills stories are used more widely as a means of developing social understanding and addressing communication difficulties.

 

An autism social skills story should introduce appropriate social knowledge, using first person text and visual images to describe the social situation or skill. It explains the how’s and whys of a social setting by answering the “wh” questions – who, where, why, when and what.

 

An autism social skills story should be made up of four different sentence types, descriptive, perspective, directive and control sentences.

 

Generally children with an ASD are visual thinkers and learners which means they think in pictures. Therefore when teaching an autistic child it is generally easier to make information as visual as possible, that way the child will find the information easier to understand.

 

This is why a good autism social skills story will give information through pictures and first person text, each autism social skills story provides clear, concise and accurate information about what is happening in a specific social situation. The social skills story acts as role model for autistic children, helping them understand and cope with social situations and address communication difficulties effectively.

 

To learn more about Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Social Skills, as well as how social skills stories can help children with an ASD visit http://www.autismsocialstories.com

 

For information on Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Social Skills, as well as downloads of Autism Social Stories visit any of the following sites

http://www.autismsocialstories.com

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/social_skills

 

 

 

 

Autism Communication Tools for Children

Tuesday, June 12th, 2012

Astonishingly up to 50 percent of kids with Autism Spectrum Disorder will never develop speech, whilst the others will develop some form of early communication skills.

Typically autistic children rarely engage in effective communication and may struggle to read “social and communication cues”

To fully appreciate how difficult it must be for many Kids with Autism Spectrum Disorder to engage in effective communication first we must look at communication on the whole.

Speech – language we refer to the body of words, the formations of sounds, as well as the structures and forms used to construct speech. 

Communication on the other hand can occur either verbally through speech or non-verbally through the use of spoken words, gestures, signs, or by pointing to printed words or symbols.

To communicate effectively, we must firstly be able to understand why we need to communicate with others, have the desire to communicate, have somebody to communicate with, have something to communicate about, and have a means of expressing ourselves.

Consequently as typically developing children develop, they begin to explore their environment and start to understand the cause and effect around them. For example when they are thirsty they can point to the fridge or a cup…When they are wanting a cuddle or are tired they may raise both hands to picked up.

With autistic children sometimes this inquisitiveness is missing, the lack of interest in their surroundings and the lack of effective eye contact make learning communication and the need to engage in effective communication very difficult.

By the time a non-verbal autistic child starts school, they may already have seen a speech therapist to establish a program to aid with the development of effective communication. The speech therapist will need to determine some appropriate objectives and goals, a base level of communication will be established by carefully observing the non-verbal autistic child within the school setting. 

In certain cases it may be necessary for the non-verbal autistic child to learn a new form of communication. For example the child may cry or scream when they need something and this is their form of communication. But this is not going to be effective in a classroom full of children. Therefore new forms of communication will need to be established.

Social skills stories can be used as a form of autism communication tools for children on the spectrum.

Autism social stories are short but descriptive pieces of text with appropriate pictures and images to support the story – or instruction.

So for example if the new skill is to help the autistic child understand the need for quiet reading at school, the appropriate autism social story would be selected and implemented.

These autism communication tools for children on the spectrum will pictorially show as well as the text the reason why the children are expected to be silent, who is expecting them to be silent, and what the consequence of not being quiet is as well as the consequent or reward for being quiet.

Autism social stories answer the “wh” questions – who, what, why, when and where as well as “HOW” an offer an insight into the thoughts feelings and emotions of others which is an area of considerable weakness for most kids with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Autistic children tend to be visual learners, which is why studies have shown that autism social stories are an excellent aid in developing good foundations for behavior and social skills for autistic children and adults. A good place for autism communication tools for children on the spectrum can be found at:

www.autismsocialstories.com

www.autismsocialstories.com/school

www.autismsocialstories.com/behavior

www.autismsocialstories.com/autistic_teens

www.autismsocialstories.com/hygiene

Social Skills Management for Kids with Autism

Saturday, June 2nd, 2012

Many children with an ASD can be genuinely bewildered and overwhelmed in social situations. This is due to social skills deficits which are a common characteristic of autism and are always present in varying degrees.

There is no cure for autism but there are various treatments of autism which can help children with an ASD overcome and deal with their individual social skills deficits such as picture communication cards, visual social story cards and autism social skills stories.

The common characteristics of autism are also displayed in the ASD child by repetitive and stereotypical behaviour patterns which can cause isolation and at times even bullying. For example many kids with autism display rigid behaviours and can become distressed and anxious when a routing is altered or changed.

For many kids with repetitive and stereotypical behaviour patterns can be helped and eased using visual intervention strategies like social skills stories, for example visiting Grandma, transitions, moving, shopping trips and so on.

The autism social story is a short descriptive story which focuses on a skill or behaviour that the child with autism is struggling to understand or cope with.

The autism social story breaks the skill or situation up into smaller easier to understand sections and uses visual images to show the child with autism what to expect and also what is expected of them.

Typically autism social skills stories should answer the “wh” questions – who, what, why, when and where as well as “how” and should aim on giving the child with autism an insight into the thoughts, feeling s and emotions of others which is an area of marked weakness in most kids with autism.

Tools for Social Skills Management for Kids with Autism using intervention strategies like social stories, picture communication cards and visual social story cards can be found at: http://www.autismsocialstories.com

Here you will find other Tools for Social Skills Management for Kids with Autism such as visual schedules, behaviour plans, now and next boards, flash cards, activities booklets a parent page with craft ideas and much more

Visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com

Teaching communication and social skills to young people with autism

Tuesday, February 14th, 2012

Social awareness skills ARE not naturally learnt by young people with autism, unlike their typically developing peers children with autism DO NOT people watch and lack the ability to naturally learn skills the rest of us take for granted.

Many young people with autism struggle with friendships and find social interaction difficult to master this can lead to misunderstandings and at times social isolation.

Teaching communication and social skills to young people with autism CAN be achieved using Intervention Strategies like social stories, flash cards, PECS and so on…

Using Intervention Strategies is beneficial and has been prove effective. Typically children with autism spectrum ARE visual thinkers, this means that they think in images and pictures and will use speech/language as secondary.

This means that Visual Intervention Strategies WILL be far easier for them to understand. Visual Intervention Strategies like social stories need NO formal training to use and can be implemented easily.

The autism social story is a short descriptive piece of text that is specifically written to help teach social and communication skills to kids on the spectrum. The autism social story USES visual images/pictures to describe the skill or situation from the autistic child’s own perspective.

It WILL act like a visual plan of framework of the skill or situation, helping children with autism to feel more comfortable with and in the situation, giving them the opportunity to understand what is expected of them and what in return they CAN expect from others.

The autism social story will help teach social and communication skills to kids on the spectrum by answering the “wh” questions – who, what, why, when and where as well as “HOW” and will offer an insight into the thoughts, feelings and emotions of others which is an area of marked weakness in most children with autism spectrum.

Teaching communication and social skills to young people with autism using flash cards…

Flash cards ARE small laminated cards with images/pictures printed onto the front of them, some also have small amounts of text. The cards CAN be used as an exchange – for example at snack time the card CAN be given to the teacher in exchange for what is printed onto the front of the card – an apple for example and so on…

Flash cards ARE an excellent means of communication they are also useful around the classroom showing where the bathroom is, the pencil tray and so on… The flash card is also used on visual timetables, now and then boards, choices boards and other means of communication.

To learn more and see examples of autism social stories and flash cards visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/school

Using Social Stories as a Strategy.

Sunday, January 22nd, 2012

Typically children with autism will have social deficits, these are common in autism and will mean that the child may need direct help to teach them social awareness skills and behaviours.

Social stories are short descriptive stories which give information to individuals that struggle to understand social situations. For example social situations such as: asking questions, respecting personal space and making friends.

They are also used to teach social awareness and help with communication difficulties.

So what does a social skills story look like?

  • It should be visual, using visual images and short sentences to describe the skill or situation.
  • The autism social skills story should provide positive re-enforcement and information
  • The autism social skills story can be used to prepare for upcoming changes, or social situations and events
  • The autism social skills story should focus on the key points and remove un-necessary language
  • The autism social skills story should be written in first person text and always be from the autistic individuals perspective.
  • The autism social story should be portable, printable, editable and easy to implement.

All autistic individuals should be able to use social stories to help them cope with skills and situations that they find difficult.

Modifications can be made to make the social story easier for individuals with autism to use, we all use different terminology, and no two individuals with autism will ever be the same.

How do I use social skills stories with my child?

The social skills story can be easily implemented and needs NO formal training to use.

Typically children on the spectrum are visual thinkers, this means that they think in pictures and will generally use speech as their secondary language. The social story uses images or pictures with small pieces of text to describe a situation or skill.

The skill is broken into small easy to understand sections, and appropriate images are used to visually show the skill in a manner that is easier to comprehend. The social story should answer the ever important “wh” questions - who, what, why, when and where as wll as “HOW” and will offer an insight into the thoughts, feelings and emotions of others which is a marked area of weakness in most children with autism.

After careful observations parents and teachers should be able to determine which activities, skills and behavioours the child on the spectrum is struggling with and an appropriate social story can be introduced.

Parents and teachers can implement the social skills story to help the child on the spectrum learn or to re-enforce a skill. The social story will act like a visual framework or plan of the skill or behaviour.

To learn more about social stories and to obtain appropriate downloads visit:

http://www.autismsocialstories.com
or http://www.autismsocialstories.com/school
http://www.autismsocialstories.com/social_skills

Increasing Social Skills in kids with autism

Thursday, January 19th, 2012

Generally kids with autism find social situations confusing due to social skills deficits, all autistic individuals will have social difficulties this is common to autism and due mainly to EACH INDIVIDUALS  own individual social skills deficits.

For the majority of parents with an autistic child, helping their autistic child to develop social skills is a primary focus.

Consequently, many treatments of autism have been researched and developed to help parents teach social skills to their child on the spectrum. 

Teaching social skills to kids with autism can lead to an increase in positive behaviors and self-confidence.

There is a variety of treatments of autism that may be suitable for your child on the spectrum, your G.P. will point you in the right direction and offer advice. For many parents and teachers of autistic kids strategies such as social skills stories help them in teaching and increasing social skills in kids with autism.

An autism social story is a short descriptive story that acts like a visual plan or framework of the situation or skill being developed or taught, the social skills story is almost like a comic script.

The goal of an autism social story is to focus on the key points or social cues of the situation or skill. The social skills story uses first person text and visual images to describe the skill or situation by answering the “wh” questions - who, where, why, when and what as well as “HOW” and will give an insight into the thoughts, feelings and emotions of others.

Social stories are used for a wide variety of situations and skills that the child may be finding difficult to master or is causing stresses, for example: A shopping trip; meeting new people; recess; school dinner; assembly even a trip to the dentist. Any of these situations can be dealt with using a simple autism social story.

The autism social story can be used to help practice skills and behaviors, manage negative behaviors, explain changes to routines and make confusing or stressful events and situations understandable by allowing the child with autism a chance to rehearse the skill or situation in advance.

Typically kids with autism are visual thinkers; this means that they will have more successes using visual information rather than written or spoken direction and information.

Increasing social skills in kids with autism is effective using direct teaching such as: autism visual supports like social skills stories. A social skills story can make an otherwise confusing or stressful skill or situation more routine.

For a child with autism having a step by step action plan in the form of a simple autism social story; that they can read and understand that is visually rich and easy to follow, can be a tremendous benefit and reduce their fears and sensitivities.

Increasing social skills goals for kids with autism such as tooth brushing, hygiene, asking questions and calming down can all be tackled using social stories as a strategy.

To learn more about using social stories as a strategy and how they are used to benefit a child with autism visit:

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/social_skills

Other sites that offer social skills stories can be found at:

http://www.autismsocialstories.com

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/school

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/school_resources

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/preschool

Strategies for autistic students

Tuesday, July 19th, 2011

Typically children with autism ARE visual thinkers and learners which means that they think in pictures and find VISUAL intervention strategies easier to understand.

There is a wide range of visual intervention strategies for autistic students available such as visual support cards, PECS and Autism Social Stories, which can be easily implemented and used in the classroom as well as in the child’s home.

For many students using autistic teaching strategies like autism social stories is beneficial. The autism social story WILL answer the “wh” questions who, where, why, when and what as well as “HOW” and give the autistic child an insight into the thoughts, feelings and emotions of others which is an area of marked weakness.

Autism social stories ARE visual intervention strategies which were introduced around twenty years ago at first as a means of communication. Today the autism social story has wider uses and is probably the most significant of the autistic teaching strategies.

The social story is always written in first person text and from the point of view of the autistic child, and will generally follow a specific formula of sentence types.

Typically the autism social story will be visual using images or pictures to describe the skill or situation that the autistic child is struggling with in terms of relevant social cues. Used as a role model or visual step by step plan the autism social story CAN BE implemented and USED for situation such as recess, assembly, dinner time, making friends and so on.

These visual intervention strategies for autistic students CAN have a great impact on classroom accommodations, helping the autistic student understand class rules, stay calm, ask questions and stay on task.

Social stories ARE short descriptive pieces of text similar to a comic script conversation and ARE generally written in word format making them easy to edit and personalize, we all use different terminology with our child and therefore being able to edit the social story is important.

To learn more about autistic teaching strategies such as autism social stories and other visual intervention strategies for autistic students like visual support cards visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com/school

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/school_resources

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/preschool

Writing social skills stories for children on the autism spectrum

Monday, June 27th, 2011

Autism social skills stories are a Visual Intervention Strategy which is used to teach and re-enforce social and communication skills for children on the autism spectrum.

Autism is a complex neurological disorder which is more common in boys. Generally the autism diagnosis is given before the child reaches the age of three, however sometimes the autism diagnosis may not be given until the child is much older.

Typically those children with autism will almost certainly have deficits with social, communication and imagination skills, this is known as the triad of autistic impairments. For many children with autism sensory processing issues are also a typical issue.

Having deficits with social, communication and imagination skills, the triad of autistic impairments will mean the autistic individual will have difficulties processing information and acting or reacting accordingly.

Intervention Strategies are used to help overcome issues which are caused through the triad of autistic impairments. Generally children on the autism spectrum are VISUAL thinkers and learners, which means they think in picture format.

Consequently, any information or learning is better understood when it is presented visually. Therefore the best Intervention Strategies are VISUAL, like autism social stories.

Social skills stories are probably the most popular Visual Intervention Strategy; they were first developed and used around twenty years ago. 

Writing social skills stories for children on the autism spectrum can help the ASD child better understand skills, behaviours and situations that they are struggling with like for example: a shopping trip, visiting a dentist, brushing their teeth and other situations such as changes to routines, transitions, learning a new skill and re-enforcing an already learnt skill or behaviour.

An autism social story gives the ASD child visual accurate information about a social situation etc. that they are finding difficult or confusing.

The autism social story breaks the situation or skill down into smaller easier to understand sections and uses first person text with visual images much like a comic strip conversation.

The autism social story will explain using social cues the “wh” questions – who, where, why, when and what as well as “HOW” and give an insight into the thoughts, feelings and emotions of others which is a known weakness in autism.

Autism social skills stories are a strength based Visual Intervention Strategy which can be implemented easily and for various issues, they need no formal training to use and can be found at sites like: http://www.autismsocialstories.com

Autism social skills stories are generally in word format, meaning they can be tweaked and edited as appropriate to add personal details and change images or terminology as no two children with an ASD are ever the same and we all use different terminology.

Parents, teachers and other professionals are writing social skills stories for children on the autism spectrum to also help children with an ASD understand what is happening and why which can reduce inappropriate behaviours and reduce stress. A social skills story can be used to prepare for a change, an unexpected circumstance and situations that can be confusing and stressful for an ASD child.

To learn more about how an autism social story can help your child as well as get downloads of social skills stories visit any of the following sites:

http://www.autismsocialstories.com

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/social_skills

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/hygiene

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/behavior

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/school

 

Behaviour Characteristics of Autism Spectrum Disorder

Thursday, May 5th, 2011

Autism is a lifelong neurological disorder, which is generally diagnosed before the child
reaches their third birthday.

What are the behaviour characteristics of Autism Spectrum Disorder…The main characteristics
of autism spectrum disorder are the individual’s deficits in social,
communication both verbal and non-verbal as well as imagination skills.

If you are the parent or teacher of a child on the autism spectrum and are looking for
methods and treatments for autism then read on…

There is “no cure for autism” but there are some very good methods and treatments for autism
which can have a massive impact on your child’s life and help them reach
his/her full potential, as well as deal with their social, communication and
imagination skills deficits.

Some of the treatments for autism available include:

ABA

PECS’s
communication boards

Social Skills Stories

Visual support cards

For the purpose of this article we will be looking at social skills stories and visual support cards.

What are social skills stories?

So what are social skills stories – Quite often you will come across various names for
social skills stories like: autism social stories, social stories and so on,
but whatever you call them they are all relatively similar.

A social skills story will normally follow a formula first defined about twenty years
ago by therapist Carol Gray, to help her communicate with the autistic children
she was caring for. The formula consists of four sentence types

Descriptive

Directive

Perspective

Control

Social skills stories are used to help teach autistic children and adults to overcome
any social skills deficits.

Typically all individuals with an ASD will have deficits in social, communication and
imagination skills, this is a common symptom of autism.

For example a child on the spectrum may have difficulties with following social rules such
as sharing, taking turns, making friends, respecting personal space, having a
conversation, asking questions and so on. Using a social skills story will help
the child on the autism spectrum overcome their difficulties

A parent or teacher of a child on the spectrum can easily implement social stories to help
their child cope with even everyday life skills like using the bathroom and recess;
in-fact social stories have many uses.

What do social stories look like?

A social story is generally written in first person text, using appropriate language and
always from the autistic person’s point of view.

Typically autism social stories are visual.

Generally children with autism tend to be visual thinkers and learners, meaning they think in
pictures. Therefore it is beneficial to use visual intervention strategies such
as social stories.

Using images and text the social skills story acts as a role model or visual step by step plan
describing the situation or skill in terms of relevant social cues. Answering
the ever important “wh” questions – who, where, why, when and what as well as “HOW”
and giving an insight in to the thoughts and feelings of others which is a
marked area of weakness in most children with autism.

Example of autism social story

Emily has difficulties with sharing and will display inappropriate behaviours and
tantrums.

So looking at an example of autism social story for Emily; Emily’s main problem is
tantrums when she does not get her own way…

Therefore we would start a story for Emily giving focus to the key points…

Line one: My name is Emily I am six years of age; (This is a descriptive sentence, it is
describing who the story is about in this case Emily).

A small image maybe added here or an actual photo showing Emily.

Line two: Every day I like to play with the toys in the classroom; (This is also descriptive,
it describes what Emily likes to do, in this case playing with the toys in the
classroom).

Again another image or small photo of Emily is added. The image or photo could be of Emily in
the classroom playing with the toys etc.

And this is how the story is built up; the next two sentences would be perspective
sentences.

Again with appropriate images or pictures, and slowly the story starts to take shape.

There is no need for any formal teaching to use social stories.

All autism social stories should be editable, we all use different terminology and no two
children are the same. Therefore it is really important that parents and
teachers are able to edit the social story to make it relevant to their own
child on the spectrum.

You can learn more about social stories and how they are used, as well as get downloads
of social skills stories visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com

Visual support cards

Another great autism resource is visual support cards. Similar to social stories the
visual support cards can help support social and communication deficits.

For example many children on the spectrum have difficulties with both verbal and non-verbal
communication, and many children on the spectrum will never develop speech.

The visual support card is used as a means of communication. Children with autism spectrum
have difficulties with communication and can become distressed and confused relatively
quickly. It is important to remember with children on the spectrum to speak
less and use other means of communication like visual intervention strategies
such as visual support cards.

A child with an ASD can use the visual support card to help them understand what is expected
of them as well as what they are expecting of others.

For example

Teachers can use visual support cards on the student’s visual timetable, choices board even
around the classroom to label areas and objects like the toilet, pencil tray,
computers and so on helping the child with an ASD quickly identify what is
required, reducing anxiety and stress.

To learn more about visual support cards and see some examples visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com/visual_aids

For other methods and treatments for autism like autism social stories which can have a massive
impact on the lives of children with autism spectrum and help them reach his/her full potential visit: http://www.autismsocialstories

Looking into Autism communication

Thursday, April 28th, 2011

Looking into Autism communication and what it means for your child on the spectrum

All children with autism will have communication difficulties with both verbal and non-verbal communication this is a common symptom of autism.

Did you realize that up to 50 percent of children with autism may never develop speech! And that many others will only develop early communication skills.

Research shows us that autistic children rarely engage in effective communication.

Looking at communication….

When we think of speech – language we refer to the body of words, the formations of sounds, as well as the structures and forms used to construct speech. 

Communication on the other hand can occur either verbally through speech or non-verbally through the use of spoken words, gestures, signs, or by pointing to printed words or symbols.

To communicate effectively, we must firstly be able to understand why we need to communicate with others, have the desire to communicate, have somebody to communicate with, have something to communicate about, and have a means of expressing ourselves.

With typically developing children we will no doubt notice them go through some stages of communication. For example as a typically developing child grows he/she will begin to explore his/her environment and start to understand the cause and effect around them.

For example when they are thirsty they can point to the fridge or a cup…When they are wanting a cuddle or are tired they may raise both hands to picked up.

However this is not the case with a child on the spectrum. So taking a closer look into autism communication, a child with autism spectrum is rarely inquisitive, and typically will show a lack of interest in their surroundings.

A child with autism spectrum will also lack effective eye contact which will make learning communication very difficult.

By the time a non-verbal autistic child starts school, they may already have seen a speech therapist to establish a program to aid with the development of effective communication.

The speech therapist will need to determine some appropriate objectives and goals, a base level of communication will be established by carefully observing the child within the school setting. 

In certain cases it may be necessary for the child on the spectrum to learn a new form of communication. For example the child may cry or scream when they need something and this is their form of communication. But this is not going to be effective in a classroom full of children. Consequently, a new form of communication will need to be established.

Research shows us that the vast majority of both verbal and non-verbal autistic children are visual thinkers and learners, and will respond better to visual communication and information.

Consequently, visual intervention strategies should be introduced, such as visual support cards, PECS, flash cards and social skills stories. These visual intervention strategies can be used as a form of autism communication with verbal and non-verbal autistic children.

Autism social stories are short but descriptive pieces of text with appropriate pictures and images to support the story – or instruction. So for example if the new skill is to help the autistic child understand the need for quiet reading at school, the appropriate autism social story would be selected and implemented.

The autism social skills story can be used as a role model and visual step by step plan. Using images or pictures the autism social skills story will show the reason why the children are expected to be silent, who is expecting them to be silent and why, as well as the consequence of not being quiet and the consequent or reward for being quiet.

In other words the a social story gives the answers to the important “wh” questions – who, where, why, when and what as well as “HOW” and will also give the child with autism an insight into the thoughts and feelings of others, which is a marked area of difficulty in most children with autism spectrum.

Autistic children tend to be visual learners, which is why studies have shown that autism social stories are an excellent aid in developing good foundations for behavior and social skills for autistic children and adults.

Social skills stories are considered an excellent tool for helping develop communication skills in children with autism spectrum.

A good source of this excellent tool for helping develop communication skills in children with autism spectrum can be found at:

www.autismsocialstories.com

www.autismsocialstories.com/school

www.autismsocialstories.com/behavior

www.autismsocialstories.com/autistic_teens

www.autismsocialstories.com/hygiene

www.autismsocialstories.com/howto

Methods for teaching social skills to a child on the spectrum

Wednesday, December 1st, 2010

There are various methods for teaching social skills to a child on the spectrum. Probably the most significant of these autism treatments is social stories.

 

Social skills stories ARE used as a role model which shows an autistic child a step by step plan, giving visual prompts WHICH explain what happens in a given situation: For example the autism social story shows the autistic child:

  • A social story shows what the situations is or where the place is
  • A social story shows who the people are
  • A social story shows what happens, the event, skill or behaviour being mastered
  • A social story shows what the people say/do, what they are thinking/feeling and why
  • A social story shows what the child is expected to say/do in this situation. What others will expect.
  • A social story answers the “wh” questions – who, where, why, when and what as well as “HOW”

What does a social skills story look like?

An autism social story is short with visual images rather like a comic strip. Children with autism tend to be visual thinkers and learners, meaning they think in pictures rather like a film script.

Autism social stories use this concept and are generally visually rich with images and or pictures the child on the spectrum will understand.

Teachers of autistic students use autism social skills stories in and around school to help their autistic student cope with and understand what is expected of them and what they can expect at school; for example school rules, assembly, PE lessons, recess and so on.

Many parents of autistic kids use autism social stories as methods for teaching social skills to a child on the spectrum LIKE: hygiene, visiting a dentist, hairdresser a meal out, MAKING FRIENDS, respecting personal space, asking questions and so on; in-fact almost all difficult or confusing skills or situations can be eased using social stories.

Unlike typically developing children a child with autism will not pick up social cues; read facial expression or body language and can be confused by social etiquette and rules, social stories ARE excellent methods which can help OVERCOME these issues by showing and explaining in a step by step plan the child with autism can follow and understand.

This will help avoid social mistakes and blunders and cut down on negative behaviours, stress and meltdowns.

Social skills stories used as methods for teaching social skills to a child on the spectrum can be downloaded directly from sites such as: http://www.autismsocialstories.com/social_skills

Other sites offering an array of various social stories can be found at: http://www.autismsocialstories.com

http://www.autismsocialskillsstories.org.uk

http://www.insideautisticminds.com

Behavior characteristics of a child with autism

Monday, October 18th, 2010

Autism spectrum disorder is a neurological disorder that affects the autistic individual’s brain.


The most common symptoms of autism are displayed in the autistic individual’s lack of social, communication, imagination and behavior skills this is called “the theory of mind”or social skills deficits.


In most cases, behavior characteristics of a child with autism will manifest before the child reaches three.


The symptoms of autism can vary in degree from low functioning autism at one end of the autism scale to mild / moderate and asperger syndrome individuals.

 

Generally those children at the lower end of the autism scale with low functioning autism may have delayed speech or no speech, and will almost definitely have some educational difficulties and in some cases epilepsy.


On the other end of the autism scale those children with asperger syndrome will almost definitely be average or above average intelligence, these sets of individual’s are often referred to as the little professor!

 

The behavior characteristics of a child with autism can be complex, with no two autistic children ever being the same. However common to all autistic individuals is the theory of mind.


All autistic children have social skills deficits in social, communication both verbal and non verbal, interaction and imagination skills.


Once you have received a diagnosis of autism, for some parents it is a relief to finally find out why your youngster acts in odd ways and is not developing as a normally child would be expected to develop.


A diagnosis of autism is not the end of the world, far from it. Although there is no cure for autism there are treatments for autism that can help your ASD child reach his/her full potential and hopefully become independent and lead a relatively normal life.


One such treatment for autism is social skills stories; these are used to help address social skills deficits by teaching social, communication, imagination and interaction skills and behaviors.


No matter what behavior characteristics of autism your child displays social skills stories for autistic children WILL help address THEIR SOCIAL SKILLS DEFICITS.


For example; A typical event before using social skills stories for autistic children:


You are trying to get your child to eat with the family at the dinner table. But no matter how hard you try, no matter what you say or do, the outcome is always the same, refusal, tantrums and an interrupted meal for the whole family.


Take the same typical event but this time using social stories for children with an ASD. You want your autistic child to eat at the table with the rest of the family. This time you are armed with an autism social story. YOU read this with your autistic child, they see the visual images, A PLAN that they can understand with appropriate text in a specific step by step framework, a role model they can understand and remember making them more relaxed and comfortable, reducing their stress and anxieties surrounding mealtimes. They are able to join the family around the table for the meal.


However if during the meal your ASD child becomes agitated YOU ARE now in control, and armed, with the very same autism social story you read before the meal. You calm your child by reassuring them with the same story, the meal continues without tantrums and stress. The autism social story has made a stressful and difficult time for your ASD child predictable and routine which makes them far happier.


No matter what behavior characteristics of autism  your autistic child struggles with, by providing them with an appropriate autism social story, you will help calm and make the skill or behavior predictable and easier to cope with and comprehend making your life a whole lot easier and less stressful.


To learn more about social stories for children with an ASD visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com

Where you will find information and downloads of social stories today


To find out more about social skills stories for autistic behaviors visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com/behavior


Where you will find 65 social skills stories for autistic behaviors on various topics.

Teaching aids to teach autistic kids social skills

Friday, July 30th, 2010

Generally most autistic individuals will have difficulties with social interactions due to their autism social skills deficits.

 

Many autistic individuals also display difficulties with communication both verbal; delayed and awkward speech and language and nonverbal; understanding gestures, reading and interpreting facial expression and body language. Many autistic kids also display obsessive behaviours and repetitive stereotypical movements such as hand flapping or head banging.

 

Typically developing children will have the ability to naturally make friends, start a conversation, ask questions, share and take turns and so on just a handful  all social skills that are needed everyday.


However this is not the case with autism social skills are not naturally learnt and may need direct teaching. There are many ideal strategies to teach children with autism social skills, such as social skills stories and printable picture communication symbols.

 

Understanding the need for social skills is not a natural ability for most autistic kids, they may not understand what they are supposed to do or say and can become hurt and confused when their attempts at being part of a group are met with failure or ridicule.


Therefore finding strategies to teach children with autism social skills is beneficial. Sites such as http://www.autismsocialstories.com offer help and support as well as appropriate teaching aids to teach autistic kids social skills by using social skills stories as a strategy.


Let’s take a closer look at how social skills stories can help an teach autistic kids learn appropriate social and communication skills.


An autism social story is a short piece of text generally following a specific pattern of first person appropriate text and visual images or pictures in a framework or autism social skills plan.

 

The autism social story breaks down the skill or behaviour being taught or re-enforced into small chunks the social cues and shows the child on the spectrum the why and how explaining like a comic script by showing visually the “wh” questions: who, where, why, when and what and giving an insight into the verbal and nonverbal communications of others, thus reducing anxieties for the child on the spectrum.


So for example an autism social story for asking questions will show the child on the spectrum how to ask, when to ask, what is appropriate and when it is not appropriate to ask a question, how to begin the question and end the question and the possible answers they may or may not get and how to interpret these answers, this will reduce any fears and allow the child on the spectrum a chance to rehearse asking questions and build confidence.


Other teaching aids to teach autistic kids social skills such as printable picture communication symbols can be found at: http://www.autismsocialstories.com/visual_aids


Printable picture communication symbols are generally small laminated pieces of card with a picture or image on and are used as a means of communication. For example a teacher can show an autistic child a picture when they wish to communicate something like for example recess or home time etc. The printable picture communication symbols are also used on visual schedules, now and next boards, choice boards and to accompany social skills stories.


To learn more about either of theses teaching aids to teach autistic kids social skills and other strategies to teach children with autism social skills visit any of the following sites:


http://www.autismsocialstories.com

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/social_skills

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/visual_aids

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/school_resources

How do social stories work?

Thursday, January 21st, 2010


Research suggests autism social skills stories which follow the set formula first defined by Carol Gray almost twenty years ago do have a positive affect in helping to introduce, teach and re-enforce positive social and communication skills and behaviors.

 

Experts in autism have reported that autism social skills stories can help overcome the hurdles many autistic children face with their lack of “theory of mind.” 


The theory of mind is the ability to understand that other people do see, feel, and react differently to you, which is a major issue for autistic children.


So how do social stories work?

 

Gray first introduced social stories to help teach social and communication skills to children with autism. Since then they have grown and are now one of the major tools used in the treatment of social skills deficits, not only in those with ASD but also in those individuals with other related conditions.

 

Social stories that help with social skills deficits should be written in a specific style following and format. The social story is a short descriptive piece of text (story), much like a comic strip, with all the frills removed and clear focus directed towards the main points (social cues). The social skills story describes what happens in a specific social situation and presents information in a structured and consistent manner.

 

The main goal of a social story is to provide the child with autism accurate information through visual images and text, each social story should provide concise information about what is happening in a specific social situation. 

 

The autism social story describes what people do, why they do it, and what the common responses are; which will help make the child with autism feel more relaxed and comfortable in and with the situation.

 

For example looking at how do social stories work ~ a typical situation before autistic social stories:

Your autistic son is due to visit the dentist for a regular check up.  You know what will happen because it has happened before.  There will be fighting and screaming.  He will be overwhelmed, over-stimulated, and under-prepared no matter how much you explain to him.  You will feel embarrassed, guilty, and helpless.

The same typical situation but this time using autistic social stories:

Your autistic son is due to visit the dentist for a regular check up.  You explain to him what will happen, but this time, you read him the autistic social story about him visiting the dentist for a regular check up.  He sees, with visual pictures, a step by step plan of what will happen, making a less common event more predictable and routine.

During the check up, your autistic son starts to feel agitated and uncomfortable, but now, you are armed with the very same autistic social story you read earlier.  You can review during the actual event, comforting and calming your child.

As you can see from the example above that using an autism social story can be beneficial to your child with autism.

The autism social story worked by giving your autistic son a clear focus and a step by step visual plan for the situation, helping him prepare, making an unusual change to routine, predictable and routine, helping calm anxieties and stress for the both of you.

Social stories can be used for almost all social, communication; imagination and interaction skills your autistic child may struggle with, from common skills like tooth brushing, answering the telephone or even shopping to the less common life events like a birth, wedding, party, celebrations even moving school or house, in fact most things can be handled using autism social stories.

Easy to use, always written in the first person, visually rich with appropriate language social stories can benefit all children with autism spectrum disorder. To learn more about social stories and how they can benefit your child visit:

http://www.autismsocialstories.com

Other sites offering social stories for children with autism spectrum disorder can be found at:

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/social_skills

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/school

Types of social stories for autistic children

Monday, December 7th, 2009


Social stories help to improve the social, communication, interaction and imagination skills and behaviors of children with autism spectrum disorders.

 

Using individualized short precise, descriptive stories to help them interpret challenging or confusing social situations.


The autism social story is written following a specific pattern and format; the autism social story will describe the skill, behavior or situation giving clear focus to the relevant social cues, the perspective of others, and will suggest behavior, and an appropriate response.


The general goal of social stories is to provide children with autism spectrum disorders or adults with no frill explanations about those situations, skills or behaviors that they find difficult, stressful or confusing.

 

For an autism social story to be successful, it should be relevant, written in first-person and present tense, with clear precise focus on the key points, these are the vital social cues, the things that might happen and why, and what the child with autism might want to do about it.

 

Developed almost twenty years ago to teach social and communication skills to children with autism, social stories have evolved into one of the major tools used in the development of interaction, social and communication skills of autistic individuals.

 

The major types of social stories for autistic children used are generally written by experts, however teachers and parents of autistic children can be taught to write social skills stories.  All types of social stories for autistic children from stories teaching common everyday skills such as tooth brushing, hair washing, eating habits to less common autism social stories such as visiting the dentist, getting a hair cut can now be downloaded from the internet from sites such as http://www.autismsocialstories.com the autism social stories on this site are written by an expert in autism and are available for download.

 

Any child with autism can benefit from using social stories as a strategy for developing and re-enforcing social skills and behaviors.


To download and begin using social stories as a strategy to teach your child with autism visit any of the following site.

 

http://www.autismsocialstories.com



Social stories for pre-school children with autism

Thursday, December 3rd, 2009


Using social stories as a strategy to teach pre-school children with autism play, communication and social skills has proven beneficial to most preschoolers with autism and is now recommended treatment of social skills deficits in autistic preschool children.

 

Social stories for pre-school children follow a specific formula first developed almost twenty years ago to teach social and communication to autistic preschool children.


Generally social stories are an autism tool that is used to teach a social behavior to autistic preschool children. The autism social story gives pre-school children with autism information and visual prompts or cues about a social situation that they may find difficult or confusing.

 

Many parents of preschoolers with autism, educators and therapists across the world use of social stories to teach a social behavior to autistic preschool children;  With success rates ever increasing social stories are now one of the most significant autism resources available to help with routine changes, social, communication, imagination, interaction, play and behavior skills in children with autism.

 

The autism social story can be implemented and used for a variety of issues and problems from simple tasks such as learning to use the potty, tooth brushing, to less common skills such as making friends and behavior in preschool etc.


An autism social story is normally written in the present tense, from the view point of the preschooler with autism using first person language and is visually rich. The autism social story gives the autistic child a step by step visual plan of the situation, skill or behavior that is being mastered. This helps to give the autistic child a chance to practice the skill making them more comfortable in the situation.


Social stories for pre-school children with autism can be downloaded from sites such as www.autismsocialstories.com/preschool

 

On this site you will find information on using social stories as a strategy to teach pre-school children with autism and can gain access to 30 social stories for pre-school children with autism. That will help you overcome some of the social skills deficits displayed by children with autism.

 

Visit: www.autismsocialstories.com/preschool

 

Social skills goals for children with autism

Tuesday, December 1st, 2009


Social skills deficits are one of the major issues faced by children with autism. For many parents and teachers of autistic students teaching social skills becomes a primary focus. Success in teaching social skills to children with autism can lead to an increase in positive behaviors and self-confidence in both the home and the classroom for many autistic students.

 

Therefore teaching and achieving social skills goals for children with autism has become essential. Many parents and teachers of autistic children use strategies such as social skills stories to help them manage and teach social and communication skills to children with autism.

 

An autism social story is a short descriptive story much like a comic book script that details in a step by step action plan a particular social, communication skill or behavior.

 

An appropriate autism social story will focus on a particular social situation or interaction. For example: A shopping trip; meeting new people; recess; school dinner; assembly even a trip to the dentist. Any of these situations can be dealt with using an autism social story. The autism social story describes the situation, skill or behavior in detail. They are used to help practice skills and behaviors, mange negative behaviors, explain changes to routines and make confusing or stressful events and situations understandable by allowing the child with autism a chance to rehearse the skill or situation in advance.

 

Generally children with autism will find social situations confusing this is due to social skills deficits, therefore implementing a social skills story can turn an otherwise confusing situation into a more predictable and routine event taking away the confusion and anxiety.


The goal of autism social skills stories is to make the child with autism more comfortable and less anxious in the situation. Which will cut down on stress for you, and anxiety even meltdowns and other negative behaviors that the child with autism may otherwise display when feeling stressed and confused.

 

For a child with autism having a step by step action plan they can read and understand that is visually rich and easy to follow can be a tremendous benefit and reduce their fears and sensitivities.

 

Parents and teachers of autistic students agree that social skills goals for children with autism can be achieved easier using social stories as a strategy. Skills such as tooth brushing, hygiene, asking questions and calming down can all be tackled using social stories as a strategy.

 

To learn more about social skills stories and how they can benefit any autistic child visit:

http://www.autismsocialstories.com where you can download social skills stories on a variety of issues.

 

Other sites that offer social skills stories packages can be found at:

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/school

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/school_resources

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/preschool

Teach social skills to an autistic child

Saturday, November 28th, 2009


There are various types of treatment available to parents of autistic kids to help them teach social skills to an autistic child. Probably one of the most significant of these autism treatments is social stories.

 

Social stories provide a step by step guide in the form of a visual prompt to explain what happens in a given situation: For example the autism social story shows the child with autism.

  • A social story shows what the situations is or where the place is
  • A social story shows who the people are
  • A social story shows what happens, the event, skill or behavior being mastered
  • A social story shows what the people say/do, what they are thinking/feeling and why
  • A social story shows what the child is expected to say/do in this situation. What others will expect.

A simple autism social story is short with visual images rather like a comic strip. Teachers of autistic students use social skills stories in and around school to help their autistic student cope with and understand what is expected of them at school for example school rules, assembly, PE lessons, recess and so on.

 

Many parents of autistic kids use social stories to help their autistic child cope with skills like hygiene, visiting a dentist, hairdresser a meal out etc.

 

A child with autism will almost certainly need direct teaching of social and communication skills and many parents use social stories as a strategy for this.

A child with autism will almost certainly need support in learning how to behave in an array of commonplace as well as out-of-the-ordinary situations.

 

For many parents of autistic kids a simple autism social story is needed for almost every occasion and skill. Social skills stories for a variety of occasions can be downloaded directly from sites such as: http://www.autismsocialstories.com and put to immediate use.

 

Parents report social stories as a strategy to help teach social skills to an autistic child is beneficial. Other sites offering an array of various social stories can be found at:


http://www.autismsocialstories.com/school_resources