ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder) is a pervasive developmental disorder typically affecting more boys than girls; the condition is almost always detected before the age of three.
The traits of autism will vary between individuals, as no two individuals are ever going to be the same. However some common traits of autism that all those with this pervasive developmental disorder will display are that of social skills deficits.
Typically kids with autism will have social skills deficits in three main areas of developmental, social interactions, communication and imagination skills as well as difficulties with ritualistic or repetitive behaviours.
One of the major issues faced by kids with autism is reading facial and body language, as well as understanding verbal and nonverbal communications and gestures.
The traits of autism you may have noticed in your ASD child could be:
- A lack of ability to direct others attention to what they want or need. Unlike a normally developing child, who will point or gesture towards the object in question.
- Kids with autism rarely adjust their gaze to look at objects, and lack the inclination to look at something they are being directed towards.
- An ASD child may have communication difficulties and find sustaining or beginning conversations difficult.
- Sometimes kids with autism will be slow developing speech and sometimes speech may never actually begin.
- They may engage in repetitive behaviours…for example repeating a TV commercial or rhyme etc.
- They may confuse simple language terms, and use language in the wrong context, for example they may refer to themselves by name in a conversation or sentence, not by saying “I”; i.e. rather than saying “can I have a biscuit”, they may say “Ben wants a biscuit” and so on…
- On occasions an autistic child may prefer to communicate by gesture rather than using speech.
Autistic children have difficulties in making eye contact which can make social encounters difficult therefore making friends can be an issue.
The child may struggle with interactive games and pretend play, failing to see what the point of the activity or game is.
Understanding your child with ASD and forming appropriate approaches for teaching them is very important.
There are various approaches for teaching a child with ASD. One very effective strategy is the use of visual support tools such as autism social stories.
Autism Spectrum Disorder is far more common these days, and research into the treatments of this pervasive developmental disorder suggests using visual support tools has had a positive effect on the lives and families of those diagnosed ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder).
Approaches such as autism social stories are used for all situations and activities the ASD child may be confused by or struggling with, for example: Going to the dentist, the death of a loved one, recess, a new car, brushing their hair.
For immediate download of autism social stories visit: www.autismsocialstories.com
Or alternatively visit any of the following sites for more information and social stories.