Archive for the ‘Intervention strategy’ Category

Social and communication difficulties in children with Autism

Tuesday, January 18th, 2011

All children with Autism Spectrum Disorder have social impairments this is common to autism. It is these social impairments that cause social and communication difficulties in children with Autism.

 

Even though all autistic individuals have social impairments the level of disability and the combination of symptoms will vary from person to person.

 

For many children with Autism Spectrum Disorder understanding language is also problematic.

 

For example: kids with autism display communication difficulties such as; misunderstanding simple directions or questions and may take what is said too literally, like metaphors, humour, sarcasm, irony and other figures of speech (such as “wait a minute”) can all be confusing.

 

Due to social impairments sometimes kids with autism can come across as rude or aloof. But while they may appear emotionally flat, the reality is that the autistic child is far from unfeeling. What may appear like indifference or insensitivity is actually due to social impairments in the autistic child, the inability to see things as other people do.

 

However there are treatments of autism which address social and communication difficulties in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder such as visual support cards and social stories.

 

Probably one of the major treatments of autism available is social skills stories, used widely by parents, care givers teachers and other professionals as a positive Intervention strategy excellent for addressing social and communication difficulties in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

 

Social Skills Stories are an Intervention strategy which can be implemented and used for situations such as changes to routines, transitions, learning new skills and pave the way for positive behaviours…

 

Social skills stories are treatments of autism that are easy to implement and need no formal training to use, they can be downloaded from the internet or provided by your child’s OT, speech therapist and sometimes school.

 

A social skills story provides the child with a step by step visual plan a role model answering the key “wh” questions – who, where, why, when and what as well as “HOW” and give an insight into the thoughts and feelings of others. A social skills story will give the key points, allowing the autistic child a chance to rehearse the skill or behaviour they are struggling with. Which will make the autistic child feel more comfortable with and in the situation they are struggling with, thus reducing stress.

 

To find out more about social skills stories for addressing social and communication difficulties in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com

Managing anxiety overload in a child with autism

Friday, January 14th, 2011

Autism Spectrum Disorder is an umbrella term used for a wide range of spectrum disorders.

 

Probably one of the major issues of autism is managing anxiety overload in a child with autism.

 

For a child with autism the symptoms of anxiety can be severe. Children on the autism spectrum do not develop in the normal manner and have difficulties with social and communication skills and behaviours which can cause anxiety and stress to the autistic child.

 

For example children on the spectrum have difficulties making friends and reading the “unspoken rules of social interaction” this can cause social blunders and anxiety overload in a child with autism.

 

Managing anxiety overload in a child with autism is going to be different to that of dealing with anxiety in typically developing children.

 

This is because children on the autism spectrum do not develop in the normal manner; children on the autism spectrum have social skills deficits: these social skills deficits are in social interactions, communication skills and imagination. These deficits make skills and situations the rest of us may think of as fun or normal stressful and can be the cause of autistic anxiety overload.

 

The most common cause of autistic anxiety overload is difficulties in social functioning. Children on the autism spectrum struggle with social skills and relationships, and are sometimes overwhelmed by social demands which can trigger autistic anxiety overload.

 

Other causes which can trigger autistic anxiety overload are sensory processing difficulties which are also common to autism. For example: Some stimuli in the environment can cause sensory processing difficulties and trigger autistic anxiety overload in children and adolescents with autism, these can be as simple as the ring of a phone, some fabrics, lights and noises and so on.

 

So looking managing anxiety overload in a child with autism

 

For some children and adolescents with autism difficulties and stress can arise from changes to routines, or they need to learn a new skill or behaviour.

 

Other sudden anxiety causes can be a traumatic experience, or inability to cope with the demands at school. Plus a distinct lack of both verbal and non-verbal communication skills can also trigger autistic anxiety overload.

 

Methods for autistic anxiety overload vary, however probably one the main methods for autistic anxiety overload is social stories, which can be used as an Intervention Strategy for dealing with changes, transitions and learning new skills.

 

This well known Intervention Strategy is easily implemented and can be very beneficial for helping children on the spectrum cope with and understand skills and situation which cause them anxiety and stress.

 

Social stories will answer the “wh” questions – who, where, why, when and what as well as “HOW” and provide the child with autism an insight into the thoughts and feelings of others, which is a marked weakness in autism.

 

Social stories are a visual strategy, most children with autism are generally visual thinkers and learners, meaning they think in pictures, social stories use this concept.

 

Parents, care givers and teachers can learn more about managing autism in the

Essential Guide To Autism

 

Plus learn more and get downloads of adaptable, editable and printable social stories from:

Autism Social Stories

.

 

For example children on the spectrum find friendships difficult to maintain and can misread the “unspoken rules of social interaction” which

The most common cause of autistic anxiety overload is difficulties in social functioning. Children on the autism spectrum struggle with social skills and relationships, and are sometimes overwhelmed by social demands which can trigger autistic anxiety overload.

 

Other causes of autistic anxiety overload can be sensory processing problems which are common to autism. For example: Some stimuli in the environment can cause sensory processing problems and trigger autistic anxiety overload in children and adolescents with autism, these can be as simple as the tag on the back of clothes, some fabrics, lights and noises and so on.

 

So looking at how to cope with anxiety symptoms in autistic child?

 

Many children and adolescents with autism will display difficulties when routines change, or they need to learn a new skill or behaviour. Other sudden anxiety causes can be a traumatic experience, or inability to cope with the demands at school. Plus a distinct lack of both verbal and non-verbal communication skills can also trigger autistic anxiety overload.

 

Treatments for autistic anxiety overload can vary, however probably one the main treatment for autistic anxiety overload is social stories, which can be used as an Intervention Strategy for dealing with changes, transitions and learning new skills.

 

This well known Intervention Strategy is easily implemented and can be very beneficial for helping children on the spectrum cope with and understand skills and situation which cause them anxiety and stress. A social story will answer the “wh” questions – who, where, why, when and what as well as “HOW” and provide the child with autism an insight into the thoughts and feelings of others, which is a marked weakness in autism.

 

The social story is a visual strategy, as most children with autism are generally visual thinkers and learners, meaning they think in pictures, social stories use this concept.

 

Parents, care givers and teachers can learn more about managing anxiety overload in a child with autism in the

Essential Guide To Autism

 

Plus learn more and get downloads of adaptable, editable and printable social stories from:

Autism Social Stories

How to cope with anxiety symptoms in autistic child?

Friday, January 14th, 2011

Autism Spectrum Disorder is an umbrella term used for a wide range of spectrum disorders.

 

Probably one of the major issues of autism is anxiety, which appears to be more prevalent in autistic children and adolescents than their adult peers.

 

How to cope with anxiety symptoms in autistic child? The approach for dealing with anxiety in autism is different to that of dealing with anxiety in typically developing children.

 

This is because children with autism spectrum disorder do not develop in the normal manner and have difficulties with communication, social interaction and imagination skills and behaviours which typically developing children do not display.

 

The most common cause of autistic anxiety overload is difficulties in social functioning. Children on the autism spectrum struggle with social skills and relationships, and are sometimes overwhelmed by social demands which can trigger autistic anxiety overload.

 

Other causes of autistic anxiety overload can be sensory processing problems which are common to autism. For example: Some stimuli in the environment can cause sensory processing problems and trigger autistic anxiety overload in children and adolescents with autism, these can be as simple as the tag on the back of clothes, some fabrics, lights and noises and so on.

 

So looking at how to cope with anxiety symptoms in autistic child?

 

Many children and adolescents with autism will display difficulties when routines change, or they need to learn a new skill or behaviour. Other sudden anxiety causes can be a traumatic experience, or inability to cope with the demands at school. Plus a distinct lack of both verbal and non-verbal communication skills can also trigger autistic anxiety overload in children with autism spectrum disorder.

 

Treatment for autistic anxiety overload can vary, however probably one the main treatment for autistic anxiety overload is social stories, which can be used as an Intervention Strategy for dealing with changes, transitions and learning new skills.

 

This well known Intervention Strategy is easily implemented and can be very beneficial for helping children on the spectrum cope with and understand skills and situation which cause them anxiety and stress. A social story will answer the “wh” questions – who, where, why, when and what as well as “HOW” and provide the child with autism an insight into the thoughts and feelings of others, which is a marked weakness in autism.

 

The social story is a visual strategy, as most children with autism spectrum disorder are generally visual thinkers and learners, meaning they think in pictures, social stories use this concept.

 

Parents, care givers and teachers can learn more about autism in the

Essential Guide To Autism

 

Plus learn more and get downloads of adaptable, editable and printable social stories from:

Autism Social Stories

Using Social Stories with Children

Monday, January 10th, 2011

Social Stories are used as an Intervention Strategy to teach social skills to children on the autism spectrum disorder scale.

 

Using social stories with children on the autism spectrum disorder scale has been proven effective and is today one of the major Intervention Strategies available, that is easy to implement and needs no formal training to use.

 

A social skills story is a simple Intervention Strategy that uses images and short pieces of text in a story like fashion, much like a comic script to describe a social situation or skill from the child’s perspective.

 

Social Stories are used for various situations, behaviours and skills; for example: A social skills story can be used to help prepare a child on the spectrum for transitions and changes to routines or to help the child on the spectrum learn new skills and behaviours or to re-enforce an already learnt skill.

 

The purpose of using social stories with children on the autism spectrum scale is to help them prepare and learn skills by practising the skill, the social skills story acts like a visual framework or visual plan mapping out the skill into small easy to understand pieces.

 

Social Stories are Intervention Strategies which answer the “wh” questions: who, where, why, when and what as well as “HOW”  and give children with autism an insight into the thoughts, feelings and emotions of others, which is an area of marked weakness for children on the autism spectrum scale.

 

Research shows teachers and parents alike are using Social Stories to help teach social skills to children on the autism spectrum disorder scale with positive results.

 

Each social skills story uses different sentence types: Perspective, Directive, Descriptive and Control sentences is a set formula. Most Social Stories are colourful and can be edited to suit each individual child, as no two children on the autism spectrum disorder scale are the same and we all use different terminology.

 

To learn more about Social Stories and how they teach social skills to children on the autism spectrum disorder scale as well as get immediate access to Social Stories which can be edited, personalized and printed making them convenient and easy to use visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com

 

Using social stories with children on the autism spectrum disorder scale is an effective Intervention Strategy used widely in school, colleges and homes by parents, teachers and other professionals teaching and caring for children with autism.

 

Visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/social_skills

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/school

Looking at ways to teach self help skills in autism

Saturday, December 18th, 2010

Learning self help skills in autism is sometimes a difficult process. Autism is a developmental disorder which affects how an individual processes information, thinks, acts, reacts, communicates and behaves.

 

Mostly autism is diagnosed by the age of three, as soon autism is diagnosed parents can begin using treatments of autism such as Intervention Strategies which are put in place to help the child with autism learn skills and behaviours that they will otherwise struggle to understand and master. For example potty training, learning play skills, making friends, transitions and so on.

 

Intervention Strategies ARE used for autistic children, young people and adults and are generally written by experts, teachers and parents. There are various Intervention Strategies available which will help you teach self help skills in autism such as visual cards, flash cards, social stories, visual timetables and so on.

 

Looking at ways to teach self help skills in autism, one very popular Intervention strategy for teaching children with autism self help skills is Social Stories.

 

Social Stories are Intervention Strategies which were developed around twenty years ago to teach communication skills to children with autism spectrum disorder, today this popular Intervention strategy is widely used to teach social, communication and imagination skills and behaviours to children with autism spectrum disorder.

 

A social story should be visual generally most autistic children are visual thinkers and learners, which means they think in pictures, a bit like a movie script. This also means that the individual on the spectrum will probably not relate to written or spoken information and instruction in the same positive manner that they will respond to and understand visual picture or image information such as that in a social story.

 

The social skills story can help explain in visual format like a visual plan or framework and answer the “wh” questions – who, where, why, when and what as well as “HOW” and give an insight into the thoughts, feelings and emotions of others this is a known weakness in autism.

 

Acting like a role model the social skills story will explain in detail using visual images and first person text the situation, skill or behaviour which is being addressed for example hygiene skills or self help skills and break the skill down into smaller easier to understand pieces focusing on the key points the visual cues, helping the individual on the spectrum better grasp what is expected of them and what they can expect from others.

 

So for example you want to teach self help skills in autism by implementing self help social stories for autism you can help the individual on the spectrum visually see what is happening giving them a chance to practise the skill, prepare for a change to routine, learn a new skill, prepare for a transition and so on, which will help reduce negative responses and behaviours as well as stress and confusion for all involved.

 

Social Stories are suitable for all on the spectrum, can be edited so you can add your own personal detail and terminology and are generally easy to alter so they can be used time and time again. Being easy to edit also means they are usable for all abilities and ages.

 

To learn more about how easy it is to implement and use social stories as well as find suitable downloads of self help social stories for autism visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com/hygiene

 

For other general Social Stories visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com