Archive for the ‘visual strategies’ Category

Autistic spectrum disorder social difficulties

Friday, January 17th, 2014

Children with autistic spectrum disorder will have social difficulties regardless of their age or ability; this is thought to be due to the ‘triad of impairments’ which are common to autism.

 

What is the triad of impairments?

 

Are social skills deficits in three main areas, social skills, communication skills and imagination skills; all children with autistic spectrum disorder will have varying degrees of social skills deficits.

 

Methods of addressing autistic spectrum disorder social difficulties in communication skills.

 

All children with an autistic spectrum disorder experience communication difficulties. Although language itself may not be affected the way the child expresses themselves and uses language will almost certainly be affected. As will the way the child uses non-verbal language such as gestures and signals.

 

For many children with an autistic spectrum disorder understanding language is problematic and is one of the major causes of autistic social difficulties.

 

Imagine being dropped in a foreign land with no means of communication, where everybody talked in a way you could not totally understand, this is what it can be like to be autistic and have communication difficulties.

 

What we do know for certain is that the vast majority of autistic children are visual thinkers and learners, which means they think and digest information easier if the information is visual.

 

Therefore, visual strategies which can enable autistic children to understand what is happening around them, what is expected of them or that they can use to express themselves should always be visual.

 

With autistic spectrum disorder social difficulties the most common visual strategies used are social skills stories, PECS, flash cards and other visual strategies such as visual timetables, choices boards and mini schedules etc.

 

Developed twenty years ago social skills stories ARE a major tool for autism that can be implemented and used to address many social skills deficits.

 

Social stories are a major tool for autism which needs no formal training to use, can be edited and personalized.

 

A social skills story is a simple description using first person text and visual images or pictures of an everyday social situation, activity or event shown visually from the child’s perspective, much like a visual plan or framework and acting as a role model to the child.

 

For example, a social skills story can be used to help a child prepare for upcoming changes to routines, or learn appropriate social interactions for situations that they encounter.

 

The goal of the social skills story is to give the autistic child a chance to rehearse the skill, change to routine or behaviour making them feel more relaxed and less anxious. Then, when the situation actually happens, the autistic child can use the story to help guide his or her behaviour.

 

Research shows that using social stories can have a positive affect on autistic spectrum disorder social difficulties, giving simple and clear descriptions of social cues and appropriate behaviours.

 

Generally social skills stories should follow a set pattern of sentence type. All social skills stories should be flexible and be editable, as we all use different language and expressions.

 

To learn more about how social stories can help address autistic spectrum disorder social difficulties visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com/behavior

 

OR http://www.autismsocialstories.com

 

Behaviour management for kids with autism

Thursday, December 29th, 2011

It is important to remember it is more useful to put strategies in place to help prevent inappropriate behaviours before they happen than to try and deal with the behaviour once it has occurred.

It is also important to remember that ALL behaviour displayed by kids with autism is for a reason an internal or external factor NEVER just because as with typically developing children.

Due to the triad of autistic impairments children with autism have a lack of social awareness, communication and imagination skills and behaviours.

It is therefore recommended that because of the triad of autistic impairments that any behaviour management for kids with autism is devised to help the child with ASD understand and cope with skills and behaviours that they struggle to understand and manage.

Help such as visual intervention strategies, which ARE used to help teach social awareness, communication and imagination skills and behaviours.

There are many different positive behaviour supports like visual intervention strategies such as: Social Skills Stories, Visual Social Story Cards, Flash Cards, PECS and so on…

Using Positive behaviour supports for ASD is beneficial.

For example positive behaviour supports for ASD can teach self-help skills, choice and decision making, routine changes, social awareness, communication skills and environmental changes as well as much more.

Probably one of the major strategies used is social skills stories – these are short descriptive pieces of text which can be used to help the child with ASD feel more comfortable with and in a situation.

Social Skills Stories use visual images to help explain a situation, skill, behaviour or event from the child’s own perspective. Typically kids with ASD are visual thinkers and learners; this means that they understand visual information easier than that which is written or spoken.

Noticeably kids with ASD have communication difficulties and find reading facial expressions and body language confusing, this is also due to their social impairments.

Having social impairments can make friendships difficult to build and maintain again positive behaviour supports for ASD can help alleviate this issue and help the child with autism develop friendships.

The social story will help answer the “wh” questions – who, what, why, when and where as well as “HOW” and will provide the child with autism an insight into the thoughts, feelings and emotions of others which is an area of marked weakness in most autistics.

The social story can act like a visual framework or plan of the skill being taught, it will focus on the key points or cues and suggest possible outcomes for the child with autism to follow.

To learn more about behaviour management for kids with autism and how social skills stories WILL help visit:

http://www.autismsocialstories.com

Social Skills Stories for Autistic Children

Tuesday, July 5th, 2011

Typical to all children with autism spectrum disorder are deficits in social skills. This is often referred to as the triad of autistic impairments or social skills deficits and can become a primary focus at school and in the home.

It is a lack of social awareness skills that can cause many children with autism to lack self-confidence.  However when the child’s social awareness skills are HELPED TO IMPROVE many parents and teachers report an increase in self-confidence with the autistic child.

Mostly children with autism ARE visual thinkers and learners, meaning they think in pictures and will gain more value from visual strategies rather than written, auditory or oral information.

Consequently visual strategies are believed to work best with Autism Spectrum Disorder Children. Social skills stories are used as visual strategies.

A social skills story is used to describe a situation or skill to the child on the spectrum. This WILL HELP to reduce anxieties, especially if the social story is being used to help with transitions, changes to routines or situations and skills the child on the spectrum finds stressful, confusing or CAN cause anxiety.

A social skills story will focus on a particular social situation or interaction and break it down into smaller easier to understand sections. The social skills story ACTS LIKE A ROLE MODEL or Visual plan providing VISUAL cues and information that the child with autism can understand.  

Social stories for autism answer the “wh” questions who, where, why, when and what as well as “HOW” and give the child with autism an insight into the thoughts feelings and possible reactions they may expect from others.

The main goal of any social skills story should be to provide Autism Spectrum Disorder Children with a visual framework which will help reduce anxieties and stress for the child with autism.

Typically social skills stories for autistic children are written in first person text following a set tried and trusted formula, which was first developed around twenty years ago.

 Autism Spectrum Disorder Children CAN use social skills stories for autistic children to deal with most situation and skills that they are struggling with or that cause anxiety. For example social skills stories can be used to HELP deal with “puberty” hygiene issues, social awkwardness and communication difficulties.

It is not un-common for children with autism spectrum disorders to display social awkwardness for example, with social interactions, such as respecting personal space, having conversations, asking questions etc. Social skills stories for autistic children can be used to help deal with these issues.

Social stories should provide information for kids with autism about the feelings of others and the consequences of ignoring those feelings.

Using visual images and short pieces of first person text social stories should ALWAYS be written from the child’s point of view.

No two kids with autism will ever be the same and as we all use different terminology social skills stories need to be editable.

To learn more about implementing social stories and how you can download professional social skills stories for autistic children today visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com

OR http://www.autismsocialstories.com/school

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/preschool

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/hygiene

 

 

Autism Spectrum Syndrome disability

Tuesday, May 3rd, 2011

Autism Spectrum Syndrome disability

 

Autism Spectrum Syndrome disability is unfortunately misunderstood. The term autism spectrum disorder is an umbrella term used to cover a wide range of conditions. It is believed that around 25% of people with ASD will have accompanying learning disabilities.  Regardless of functioning, typically all people with an Autism Spectrum Syndrome disability will almost certainly have difficulties with social skills, imagination skills, behaviors and display communication difficulties, this is often called the triad of autistic impairments or social skills deficits.

 

Autism Spectrum Syndrome is a life-long condition that is either present from birth or from early childhood.

Listed below are a few of the autism characteristics that may be present in children with autism. However, typically those with high functioning autism or Asperger syndrome may only display a few of the autism characteristics listed behaviors while others on the lower end of the autism scale may display all the behaviors.

Having Autism Spectrum Disorder can mean:

  • Being unable to cope appropriately with social situations.
  • Self-stimulating behavior, often referred to as “stimming” this can include behaviors such as: flicking fingers, flapping arms, rocking back and forth and in some cases self-injury like head banging or slapping.
  • Communication difficulties – this can include asking questions, joining in conversations an finding appropriate topics of conversation.
  • Obsessions with certain facts or objects; for example timetables.
  • Asking questions they already know answers to.
  • Obsession with a routine that if broken may cause distress, this is a known area of weakness in children with autism
  • Difficulty forming relationships with others –  making friends can be difficult for children on the spectrum
  • Misunderstanding people’s feelings and emotions – difficulties with “mind reading” or reading peoples facial expression and body language is lacking in children on the spectrum
  • Problems with creativity and imagination are also a cause for concern in children on the spectrum. Typically children with autism are not spontaneous and will struggle with make believe and spontaneity preferring rigid learnt responses.
  • Typically many children on the spectrum will have a short concentration span.

Many autistic people are naturally gifted in certain areas, many autistic people are extremely gifted when using their hands constructing, painting and in music.

Those individuals with Asperger syndrome tend to be on the higher end of the autism scale. This set of individuals with Aspeger syndrome are generally average or above average intelligence.  Those individuals on the lower end of the autism scale may also display learning disabilities, this set of individuals may have poor communication skills and in many cases language may never develop.

In the classroom typically a student with autistic spectrum disorder may have difficulties forming social relationships and following school rules. This can cause issues within the classroom for teachers and other students. A student with autistic spectrum disorder may need extra support in school to help them cope. This help can come in the form of visual intervention strategies like: PECS, visual support cards, flash cards, social skills stories, visual timetables, now and next boards and so on…

Looking into what is Asperger Syndrome?
What is Asperger Syndrome?

Asperger syndrome has been described as “high functioning Autism.”
People with Asperger Syndrome will generally not have any learning disability. In many cases a child with Asperger Syndrome may not receive a diagnosis until they are older. Unlike a diagnosis of autism which is generally given before the child reaches three years of age. Indeed some people can go through their whole lives having Asperger Syndrome and not receive a diagnosis, until they are in their 40’s or older.

Asperger syndrome was first identified by Hans Asperger in the 1940’s; some of the characteristics of Asperger syndrome are:

  • Lack of empathy
  • Naive, inappropriate one sided interactions
  • Little or no ability to form friendships
  • Pedantic or repetitive speech
  • Poor non verbal communication
  • Intense absorption in certain subjects
  • Clumsy and ill coordinated movements and odd postures.

It is also apparent that those individuals with Asperger’s Syndrome also display the triad of autistic impairments – social skills deficits, as with individuals with autism spectrum disorder.

  • Social communication: knowing what to say to other people and understanding what they are saying to you.
  • Social understanding: knowing what to do when you are with others or behaving inappropriately (apparently oblivious to social rules).
  • Imagination: pretend play, make believe and fantasy.

People with Asperger’s Syndrome will generally fulfill their potential and may go on to university, have a job and live a relatively “normal” life, get married and have a family.

 Overcoming the triad of autistic impairment – social skills deficits can be as difficult for the individual with Asperger’s as it can be for those individuals with mild an lower functioning autism

Therefore overcoming social skills deficits can become a primary focus for all people with ASD and their families. Overcoming social skills deficits can be achieved using autism supports like visual intervention strategies such as social skills stories and visual support cards.

 Looking at visual intervention strategies – autism supports

 Generally people with ASD are visual thinkers and learners, which means they think and learn in pictures. Consequently, visual intervention strategies are beneficial because they use visual means of communication, such as images, pictures, graphs and so on.

 An individual on the spectrum will be better able to understand and follow instruction and information when it is presented visually, rather than written or oral command. Strategies such as social stories use visual images along with appropriate first person text to explain a situation or skill that the individual on the spectrum is struggling with.

 For example: Autism and making friends, generally children on the spectrum struggle to make and maintain friendships. A social story can act as a role model or step by step plan showing children on the spectrum the social rules they are expected to follow when attempting to make friends, like for example how to approach another child, how to start a conversation and so on…

For many children with autism social stories are a life line, helping them overcome many difficulties. Many parents trust social stories to help them overcome hurdles such as puberty, relationships, and transitions etc…

 Social skills stories can answer the ever important “wh” questions – who, where, why, when and what as well as “HOW” and offer an insight into the thoughts, feelings and emotions of others this is a marked area of weakness for many children with autism.

 Generally social skills stories are in word format making them easy to edit, no two individuals with autism are ever the same and we all use different terminology, therefore social stories need to be editable. They should also be easy to print making them portable and convenient to use anywhere and anytime.

 To learn more about social skills stories and how they benefit children with Autism Spectrum Syndrome disability, as well as other autism supports like visual support cards visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/visual_aids

Social skills stories as a strategy for teaching social and communication skills

Monday, October 18th, 2010

What are Social Skills Stories?

Social skills stories are designed and written following a set pattern of sentence types and visual images to describe a situation or skill using appropriate social cues.

A social skills story should describe what happens in a specific social situation in a structured and consistent manner.

Generally autistic individuals are visual thinkers and learners, meaning they think in pictures. Consequently, an appropriate social skills story should be visual, the vast majority of autistic individuals respond better to visual information and instruction.

Social skills stories are visual strategies using images and appropriate first person text. Each social skills story should be written from the ASD individual’s point of view.

The social story answers the “wh” questions (who, why, where. when and what) as well as giving an insight into the emotions and thoughts of others. The social story acts like a role model showing autistic individuals visually how to behave in a socially acceptable way.

Using social skills stories as a strategy for teaching social and communication skills

The goal of any social skills story should be:

  • To provide ASD individual’s with social cues for situations or skills.
  • To help the autistic person rehearse a situation, and to respond appropriately
  • To help prepare the autistic person for routine changes or new experiences.
  • To reduce negative behaviour.
  • To help reduce social blunders caused through lack of social understanding.
  • To help address any communication difficulties

Therefore using social skills stories as a strategy for teaching social and communication skills is beneficial.

Social skills stories are visual strategies that address communication difficulties and provide a visual framework or plan which reduces stress and anxiety as well as giving the ASD individual a chance to rehearse appropriate responses.

Social skills stories work because

They address the “theory of mind”. Many individuals with autism do not act appropriately in social situations, simply because they do not understand that others might have a different opinion to them.

Many individuals with autism fail to understand verbal and nonverbal communications such as wit and humour, or that others may have different opinions, wants and needs to them.

Consequently communication difficulties are common for an ASD individual and social situations can become unpredictable and confusing.

Social skills stories help people with autism read situations and skills better and therefore react and act appropriately.

To learn more about what are social skills stories? And how people with autism can benefit from using these visual strategies to help them address communication difficulties as well as social skills and behaviours visit:

http://www.autismsocialstories.com

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/behavior

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/social_skills

Social story on hygiene and Autism

Sunday, October 17th, 2010

Hygiene is an essential everyday life skill.

 

However for a person with autism spectrum disorder even the simplest of hygiene tasks such as tooth brushing can cause anxiety and distress. For a person with autism spectrum disorder social skills deficits and sensory processing issues are common.

 

Generally people with autism have sensory processing issues; are either hyper or hypo sensitive to stimuli – sight, sound, touch, taste or smell. Making a task such as tooth brushing problematic; the cold water, taste of the tooth paste even the nylon bristle of the tooth brush can be distressing.

 

Also a lack of social skills deficits affects how the autistic individual processes information, thinks, acts and reacts to sensory stimuli and those around them. So for example looking a hygiene and autism, it is not uncommon for an autistic individual to simply not understand the need for hygiene and self care.

 

Generally people with autism live in a ‘literal world’ meaning they fail to see the social rules or etiquette, they will speak literally and really not care much what others may be thinking or feeling, this is not arrogance merely a symptom of autism.

 

Generally, people with autism spectrum disorder lack social and communication skills and need direct teaching. Most autistic people are visual thinkers and learners meaning they think in pictures.

 

Therefore visual strategies like social stories work very well for teaching and encouraging social skills the person with ASD is struggling to master or understand.

 

Consequently, using a social story on hygiene and Autism is beneficial. The social story will help the person with ASD understand the basic need for hygiene and how this is accomplished.

 

Social skills stories answer the “wh” questions – who, where, why, when and what as well as give an insight into the thoughts, feelings and reactions of others, helping to reduce stress and anxieties.

 

A social story on hygiene and Autism can tackle teaching the need for hygiene skills such as tooth brushing, getting a haircut, visiting the dentist, showering, puberty and so on.

 

Using visual strategies has been shown to work; social stories use first person text and visual images much like a comic strip, as a visual plan or framework of the skill or behavior being tackled, in a manner the ASD individual will understand.

 

Social stories for autism should be editable, printable and easy to implement, need no formal training to use and easy to personalize for each ASD individual.

 

A social story on hygiene and Autism will help explain visually the need for hygiene, why and how.

 

To learn more about visual strategies like social stories for autism and hygiene visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com/hygiene

 

For other social stories for autism and hygiene as well as other issues visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com

Encourage good hygiene in autism

Friday, October 15th, 2010

Learning self-help skills such as good eating habits, dressing, toileting, and personal hygiene can be challenging for young people with autism spectrum disorder.


Social skills stories can be used effectively to help explain good hygiene habits and routines in autism. Social skills stories are developed to help individuals with autism understand how others perceive their appearance and the social implications of neglecting personal hygiene.


By using visual images and first person text in a step-by-step framework or plan the social story can explain exactly what individuals with autism need to remember to ensure good hygiene.

 

Teaching personal hygiene to young people with autism spectrum disorder can be problematic due to social skills deficits. Individuals with ASD may not understand the need to develop good hygiene habits.

 

Social skills deficits are common to autism and affect the way an individual processes information, thinks, acts and reacts to situations , skills and behaviours the rest of us take for granted or as “normal”


Social stories encourage good hygiene in autism by answering the important “wh” questions – who, where, why, when and what as well as giving an insight into the thoughts feelings and emotions of others.


Individuals with ASD are generally visual thinkers and learners therefore visual strategies such as social stories are beneficial. The social story should be editable, easy to personalize and print and be convenient to use.


Personal hygiene skills such as tooth brushing, showering and menstruation can be addressed using appropriate social stories for autism hygiene habits.


To learn more about how social stories for autism hygiene habits can be implemented to help ASD individuals with personal hygiene skills and routines visit sites such as: http://www.autismsocialstories.com/hygiene


Social stories short pieces of text, visual strategies which show ASD individuals how to cope with situations, skills and behaviours that they struggle to understand or deal with.


Social stories for autism hygiene habits can be downloaded from http://www.autismsocialstories.com/hygiene


Other social stories can be downloaded from http://www.autismsocialstories.com


Social skills stories for students with autism

Monday, October 4th, 2010

A social skills story is an intervention strategy used to teach social skills to individuals with autism.

 

Social skills stories were developed almost twenty years ago by therapist Carol Gray, originally as a means of communication with the autistic students she was working with. Since then social skills stories have grown in popularity and use.

 

Today social skills stories are probably one of the most significant autism tools used to help individuals with autism cope and learn appropriate social, communication and behaviour skills.

 

Unlike typically developing children autistic kids do not develop social and communication skills in the typical manner, they prefer routines and need structure, finding changes difficult, stressful and confusing.

 

Generally autistic kids ARE visual thinkers and learners meaning they think in pictures. Therefore the best learning method for the vast majority of students with autism is visual.

 

Using visual strategies like social skills stories is a popular answer with many teachers of students with autism.

 

A social skills story provides concrete information to help improve students’ social skills and appropriate behaviours. Normally social stories will follow a set pattern or formula of specific sentence type.

 

No two autistic students will ever be the same therefore social stories need to be editable to suit the needs and terminology used by individual autistic students.

 

A social skills story is an easy and effective way to teach students with autism how to negotiate changes to routines, handle problem situations and surprises. The social skills story will also help with situations such as transition, recess, making friends, asking questions, eating habits and personal hygiene.

 

Social skills stories for students with autism should be written from the autistic student’s point of view and use visual images to depict the situation or skill the student with ASD is struggling with.

 

Social stories should answer the important “wh” questions – who, where, why, when and what as well as give an insight into the thoughts and feelings of others. The social story should break the skill or situation down into small easier to understand sections, the important social cues and use no frill or extra language to complicate or detract from the skill or situation being dealt with in the social story.

 

Social skills stories for students with autism are visual strategies and should be printable for ease of use and convenience.

 

This visual strategy should also be easy to personalize and act as a role model or visual framework for the student with ASD.

 

To learn more about how social skills stories can help your ASD student visit:

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/school_resources

 

Where you will find social skills stories for students with autism in key stage one, key stage two and also for preschool autism.

 

All these social stories are printable, editable and can be personalized for any student with ASD.

 

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/school_resources

 

 

How to manage Christmas and autism spectrum disorder

Saturday, October 2nd, 2010

Christmas can be an exciting and fun time, but it can also be stressful.


Many children with autism can become confused and stressed at this time, with all the sensory happenings and disruptions to routines and sameness.


The sheer chaos that ensues from changes in routine added to the growing anticipation can often be a recipe for melt downs.

 

However there are strategies parents and teachers can put in place that help the autistic child visualise the Christmas holiday period and make this otherwise chaotic and unpredictable time more routine.

 

Generally children with autism are visual thinkers and learners, meaning they think in pictures, therefore visual strategies work best.

 

Parents can use a normal calendar for marking off dates such as the date the tree will go up, the date you will send cards, bake the cake and so on, so the ASD child can visually see the date and will know what to expect.

 

Social stories for autism and Christmas are beneficial visual strategies, they can help explain an otherwise confusing activity, skill or situation thus reducing anxieties and making things routine again.

 

Parents have found many benefits to be had in implementing social skills stories for autism and Christmas, stories can deal with putting up the tree, saying thank you, visiting relatives and so on.

 

Social skills stories are short visual strategies used to help explain to a child with autism what is happening and why. The social story answers the important “wh” questions – who, where, why, when and what as well as giving an insight into the thoughts and feelings of others.

 

To learn more about how to manage Christmas and autism spectrum disorder visit http://www.autismsocialstories.com/christmas

 

For many parents Christmas will be a stressful time, but implementing social stories can help you to manage Christmas and autism spectrum disorder.

Social stories for autism

Friday, October 1st, 2010

Common to all individuals with autism are deficits in social skills. Teaching social skills to children with autism can quite often become a primary focus at school and in the home. Many parents and teachers report success in teaching social skills to children with autism can lead to an increase in the child’s self confidence.

Generally children with autism are visual learners, meaning they think in pictures and will gain more benefit from visual information rather than written, auditory or oral information.

Therefore visual strategies are believed to work best with ASD children. Social stories are used as visual strategies. A social skills story is used to show a child with autism how to perform or understand a certain skill or situation.

A social skills story will focus on a particular social situation or interaction and break it down into smaller easier to understand sections. The social skills story provides details and information that the child with autism can understand this is important because children with an ASD often find social situations confusing.

Social stories for autism answer the “wh” questions who, where, why, when and what as well as give the child with autism an insight into the thoughts feelings and psooible reactions they may expect from others.

The main goal of any social skills story should be to provide ASD children with a role model, a visual plan and framework which will help reduce anxieties and stress for the child with autism.

While social stories for autism are normally implemented to address a particular skill or situation, ASD children can also use social skills stories for autism to deal with other deficits in social skills such as hygiene issues, social awkwardness and communication difficulties.

Common to all individuals with autism is awkwardness with social interactions, such as respecting personal space, having conversations, asking questions etc. Social stories can be used to help deal with these issues.

Social stories should provide information about the feelings of others and the consequences of ignoring those feelings.

Normally written in first person text and using visual images social stories should be written from the child’s point of view with appropriate language. No two children with autism will ever be the same therefore when using social stories you will normally need to tweak or edit the social skills story to personalize it for your own child. We all use different terminology and adding your own personal terminology will help with the effectiveness of the story.

To learn more about implementing social stories and how you can download professional social skills stories today visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com

OR http://www.autismsocialstories.com/social_skills

Social stories for children with autism that have behavioural difficulties

Friday, September 17th, 2010

Recent studies show that social stories can help reduce problem behaviours in children with autism. As well as increase social awareness and teach new skills.

In some cases the new behaviours were maintained even after the social skills story was faded out. Generally Social stories work best for children who have basic language skills.

Social Stories are visual strategies which can be implemented to help teach social skills to children with autism and related disabilities.

Autistic behaviour difficulties can be addressed using social stories, the social story will provide the ASD child with accurate information about a situation or skill that they may find difficult or confusing.

The situation or skill is described in detail using visual images and first person text giving focus to the key points: the important social cues.

By answering the important “wh” questions who, where, why, when and what as well as giving an insight into the thoughts and emotions as well as reactions of those around them.

The main objective of the social skills story is to increase the understanding of the ASD child making him/her more comfortable in, and possibly suggest some appropriate responses for the situation in question.

Therefore social stories for children with autism that have behavioural difficulties are beneficial in helping teach appropriate behaviours. To learn more about social skills stories visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com

Where you will find important information on social stories for children with autism that have behavioural difficulties, as well as social stories for various skills and situations your ASD child may be struggling to cope with or understand like for example: Making friends, asking questions, tooth brushing, shopping and so on…

These visual strategies are easy to download, edit and personalize and can be printed for convenience. All written in first person language and from the child’s own point of view, visual and in an easy to understand manner, these social skills stories can act as a role model in various situations.

Other sites offering info and downloads include http://www.autismsocialstories.com/social_skills

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/behavior

social stories teaching tools

Tuesday, September 14th, 2010

Social stories teaching tools are a resource used to teach social and communication skills to individuals on the autism spectrum.

 

Social skills difficulties are a common characteristic of autism, and are generally treated with various autism tools.

 

Generally individuals on the autism spectrum are visual thinkers and learners, which means they think in pictures, therefore autism tools should be visual.

 

Social stories teaching tools are visual they were first developed by Carol Gray almost twenty years ago as a means of communicating with the autistic children she was working with.

 

Social stories are visual strategies that act like a role model for  autistic children. Using first person language and images the social skills story answers the important “wh” questions who, where, why, when and what as well as giving possible reactions and solutions the autistic child may consider, helping to make them more comfortable with and in the situation they may be struggling with.

The social skills story will show the autistic child how another person may re-act or feel in the situation by describing another’s point of view. It will also explain rules, routines, situations, upcoming events or abstract concepts; and how the child with autism can understand expectations.

Social stories teaching tools are visual strategies which can teach social and communication skills to individuals on the autism spectrum, are easy to implement can be edited and personalized as well as printed for convenience.

Visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com for more information on social skills stories and other autism tools used as visual strategies to teach social and communication skills to individuals on the autism spectrum.

Or  http://www.autismsocialstories.com/social_skills

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/school_resources

What is it like to be autistic?

Monday, August 23rd, 2010

There are very few physical signs of autism spectrum disorder. So what is it like to be autistic? Imagine being left in a foreign country alone, unable to speak the language, unable to read the signs or gestures of others. Your senses have become super sensitive, and you have nowhere to turn to for help.


This is how the world appears for many autistic children. Our ever changing and fast moving world can trigger anxiety attacks, confusion and stress for those with autism spectrum disorder.


Parents of autistic children report anxieties. Although autism is being diagnosed more frequently with 1:4 being diagnosed autistic, still there is not a lot of information on autism. Parents of autistic children report difficulties such as having to get used to people thinking you are a bad parent that cannot control their child. Parents of kids with autism also report problems from doctors calling them an over-anxious parent, family members dismissing their child as a spoilt brat. Parents of kids with autism also find difficulties with friends, being shunned and not included in events because of their autistic child’s behaviours.


Having a child diagnosed autistic is not going to be easy, experts agree early intervention is beneficial.

 

Parents of kids with autism also agree that visual supports are a good idea, such as visual support cards, schedules, social stories and PECS communication systems.


All designed to help children with autism cope in an ever changing and confusing world. Generally children with autism are visual thinkers and learners meaning they think in images or pictures and will gain more help from visual strategies rather than spoken or text.

 

Implementing visual strategies can benefit children with autism greatly. For example many children with an ASD struggle with simple tasks such as tooth brushing, introducing social stories can help with this.


Social stories are short specific visual strategies, pieces of text which use visual images to describe a situation or skills in terms of the relevant social cues. Using first person language with no frills, following a specific pattern social stories are visual strategies that are used to teach and re-enforce social and communication skills as well as give clear coping strategies for sensory processing issues and behaviour difficulties.


Much like a visual plan or role model a social skills story can answer the “wh” questions – who, where, why, when and what as well as give an insight into the thoughts and feelings of those around them.


So for example a social skills story for tooth brushing can teach children with an ASD why it is important to brush your teeth, how to brush your teeth and what the consequence of not brushing your teeth might be.


Teachers and parents with ASD children do not need any formal training to use social skills stories, they can be printed, personalized and edited to make them easy to implement and convenient.

 

ASD children respond well to visual strategies such as social skills stories, visual support cards, schedules and PECS.


For more information on visual supports such as social stories visit:

http://www.autismsocialstories.com


Or for more information on visual support cards visit:

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/visual_aids