Archive for the ‘individual with autism’ Category

Social stories with pictures

Tuesday, August 10th, 2010

Social Stories with pictures are excellent visual strategies that help children with autism spectrum disorder learn social and communication skills and behaviours, a social story can show a child with autism what is expected of them and what they can expect from others.


Social stories with pictures can help a child with autism overcome their fears or complete tasks which they need help understanding.


Social skills stories were developed originally as an aid to communication with autistic children. Social stories are now more widely used as visual strategies, an autistic resource and support, to help encourage and teach social, communication, imagination and sensory processing issues and behaviours.

 

A social story is a short visual story that has been written in a specific style and format.  It describes what happens in a specific social situation and presents information in a structured and consistent manner, by answering the “wh” questions – who, where, why, when and what as well as giving an insight into the feelings and thoughts of others.

 

Social stories with pictures or images and first person text are an excellen autistic resource giving clear, concise and accurate information about what is happening in a specific social situation, without un-necessary fluff.

 

The goal of a social story is to attempt to address the “theory of mind” or social skills deficits by giving individuals some perspective on the thoughts, emotions and behaviours of others.

 

The theory of mind or social skills deficits is common to all individuals with autism spectrum disorder. For individuals with autism spectrum disorder having social skills deficits can hinder their social development. Having social skills deficits affect how an individual processes information, thinks, act, reacts, communicates, interacts and behaves.


Using social skills stories can address many of the issues faced by children with autism spectrum disorder on a daily basis and long term, the social story can help with changes to routines, transitions and communication difficulties.


Generally children with autism spectrum disorder have communication difficulties and may act oddly in social situations, not because they want to draw attention to themselves but because they may not understand that others can have different opinions to them, or that other people may want to do something different to what they want to do.


This can make social situations unpredictable and confusing to the child on the autism spectrum. Social stories therefore help the child on the autism spectrum understand what is happening and feel more comfortable with and in the situation.


Most children with autism are visual thinkers and learners, therefore by implementing social stories with pictures for social, communication and imagination skills that need teaching is beneficial and can act as an appropriate role model to the autistic child.


To find out more about how social stories can help an autistic child learn social skills visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com/social_skills


Alternative sites offering appropriate social stories with pictures can be found at:

http://www.autismsocialstories.com

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/school_resources

Do social stories work?

Wednesday, March 31st, 2010

Social stories are short, specifically written stories to help children with autism understand a specific situation, activity or skill.

By describing what happens in a social situation in a concise, accurate and structured manner, that is easily understood by the individual with ASD.

The goal of the social story being to provide the individual with ASD a clear framework of the skill or situation, thus reducing anxieties and stresses, allowing the person with autism to rehearse and practise the skill. The social story also helps the person with autism prepare for a change to routine.

Research suggests that social stories which follow a predefined formula can make a difference in helping an individual with autism understand and improve social and communication skills and behaviours.

A social story should answer the “wh” questions (who, where, why, when and what) using first person text and visual images, showing the individual with autism an acceptable manner of behaviour in a social situation, “without actually having to tell them”.

So do social stories work?

Yes they do, why? By attempting to address the theory of mind, or social skills deficits that all individuals with ASD have.

For many autistic people being able to understand the thoughts and actions of those around them is missing this is due to the theory of mind or social skills deficits. As typically developing beings we are able to “mind read” or predict another persons mood, thoughts, feelings and emotions by simply reading their facial expression, body language and tone of voice or suggestions. With the ASD individual this natural ability is missing.

A social story can help an individual with ASD understand the thoughts and emotions of the people that they may interact with.

By using visual images a social story can be better understood, as generally most autistic people are visual thinkers and learners. The social story is set out in much the same manner as a comic strip conversation, making it easier for the ASD individual to follow.

A social story should be written in first person language and always from the point of view of the autistic individual.

Research shows us that children with autism do respond well to social stories, thus many parents, care givers and teachers use social stories regularly to help improve and encourage positive social and communication skills.

To find out more about social stories and how that can hep your child with ASD visit http://www.autismsocialstories.com

For other specific social stories for your child with ASD visit:
http://www.autismsocialstories.com/school
http://www.autismsocialstories.com/preschool
http://www.autismsocialstories.com/social_skills

Children with autism that display eating difficulties

Tuesday, March 16th, 2010

In typically developing children, eating problems are relatively common, and affect approximately 40 percent of kids.

 

In children with autism spectrum disorder, eating problems are even more common, and can take many different forms.


Autism spectrum disorder is a complex disorder, and the dietary issues displayed by many children on the spectrum can be quite complex also. In autism individuals prefer routine and sameness and this can follow through to what they eat, preferring to eat the same each day.

 

Children with autism can also have sensory sensitivities, which may make them dislike certain textures or tastes. Some autistic children, for example, will eat only soft foods, or only crunchy foods.


Even though many children with autism will display eating difficulties there is still very little real help or investigation into this issue and many parents find themselves looking for solutions endlessly.


Many parents of children with autism that display eating difficulties use social skills stories as a means of attempting to control and alleviate some of the stress and anxiety caused by their child’s eating issues.

 

Social skills stories have many uses and have become one of the significant tools used in helping children with autism understand and deal with issues that they find difficult, stressful or confusing.

 

Generally children with autism spectrum disorder are visual thinkers and learners and can relate to the visual images used in social stories. The social story acts like a visual framework showing the individual with autism the “wh” questions (who, where, what, why and when) detailing in appropriate first person language appropriate behaviours and responses helping the individual with autism understand and deal with the issues that they are facing.

 

Social stories for children with autism that display eating difficulties can be downloaded immediately from http://www.autismsocialstories.com/diet

 

 

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What are social stories for ASD?

Tuesday, March 2nd, 2010

Social skills stories are used to teach social and communication skills to individuals with autism spectrum disorder and related conditions. Developed around twenty years ago by therapist Carol Gray to teach communication skills to the ASD children she was working with.

 

A social skills story is much like a comic strip conversation, which describes using visual prompts and text the “wh” (who, what, where, why and when) questions for a particular skill or behaviour.

 

For example social stories are used in situations such as; hygiene issues ~ like tooth brushing, showering etc. with teenagers to help with issues such as puberty, menstruation, making friends and social behaviour and so on.

 

By showing the social cues or prompts the social skills story can give specific information in a step by step visual plan or framework in a manner that can be easily digested and understood by the individual with ASD.

 

Social stories provide ASD children, teens and adults information which will help them determine how another person may be feeling their emotions, thoughts and actions helping the ASD individual better react and respond in specific situations.

 

Social stories are probably one of the most significant tools used to help teach social and communication skills to individuals with autism spectrum disorder. Consequently social skills stories for ASD can now be easily adapted and are generally always visually rich.

 

By addressing the theory of mind (social skills deficits) presented the ASD individuals, for example social stoires can be used in the home, school, college and almost anywhere where the individual with autism needs help to understand and master a skill or behaviour that they are struggling to deal with.


Hopefully this will answer the ~ what are social skills stories for ASD question, for more information and to download social skills stories for ASD and related conditions visit: http://www.autismsocialstories.com

 

Other sites offering downloads of social stories for individuals with autism spectrum disorder can be found at:

http://www.autismsocialstoires.com/social_skills

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/school

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